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Dalcetrapib or JTT-705 is a CETP inhibitor which was being developed by Hoffmann–La Roche until May 2012. The drug was aimed at raising the blood levels of "good cholesterol" (cholesterol carried in HDL particles, aka HDL-C). Prevailing observations indicate that high HDL levels correlate with better overall cardiovascular health, though it remains unclear whether raising HDL levels consequently leads to an increase in cardiovascular health.
A 24-week clinical trial showed that dalcetrapib did increase HDL-C levels, supporting the agent's desired effect. Further, the dal-PLAQUE phase IIb trial found evidence of plaque reduction. Plaque reduction is an anticipated observation following an increase in HDL.
dal-VESSEL phase IIb trial found no evidence of flow-mediated dilatation improvement. A 17% increase of Lp-PLA2 mass level was noted. Lp-PLA2 is associated with coronary heart disease and stroke.
The results of dal-OUTCOMES III were published in November, 2012.
- CETP inhibitor, which contains links to related agents; as of November 2012: Torcetrapib, Anacetrapib, Dalcetrapib and Evacetrapib
- Huang Z; Inazu A; Nohara A; Higashikata T; Mabuchi H (December 2002). "Cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor (JTT-705) and the development of atherosclerosis in rabbits with severe hypercholesterolaemia". Clin. Sci. 103 (6): 587–594. PMID 12444911.
- Simeon Bennett & Naomi Kresge. "Roche Drops After Halting Cholesterol Drug Development". Bloomberg.
- Michelle Fay Cortez (November 5, 2012), "Roche's Good Cholesterol Drug Shows Negative Side Effects", Bloomberg Businessweek, retrieved November 6, 2012
- "NIH stops clinical trial on combination cholesterol treatment". National Institute of Health. NHLBI. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- Stein; et al. (2010). "Safety and tolerability of dalcetrapib (RO4607381/JTT-705): results from a 48-week trial". Eur. Heart J. 31 (4): 480–4888. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehp601. PMC . PMID 20097702.
- Zahi A Fayad; et al. (2011). "Safety and efficacy of dalcetrapib on atherosclerotic disease using novel non-invasive multimodality imaging (dal-PLAQUE): a randomised clinical trial". The Lancet. 378 (9802): 1547–1559. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61383-4.
- Thomas F. Lüscher; et al. (2012). "Vascular effects and safety of dalcetrapib in patients with or at risk of coronary heart disease: the dal-VESSEL randomized clinical trial". Eur. Heart J. 33: 857–865. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs019.
- Gail Parziale. "Dalcetrapib and Anacetrapib: a Tale of Two CETPs".
- Schwartz, G. G.; Olsson, A. G.; Abt, M.; Ballantyne, C. M.; Barter, P. J.; Brumm, J.; Chaitman, B. R.; Holme, I. M.; Kallend, D.; Leiter, L. A.; Leitersdorf, E.; McMurray, J. J. V.; Mundl, H.; Nicholls, S. J.; Shah, P. K.; Tardif, J. C.; Wright, R. S.; Dal-Outcomes, I. (2012). "Effects of Dalcetrapib in Patients with a Recent Acute Coronary Syndrome". New England Journal of Medicine. 367 (22): 2089–2099. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1206797. PMID 23126252.