Dare (album)

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Dare
Dare-cover.png
Studio album by
Released16 October 1981 (1981-10-16)
RecordedMarch–September 1981
StudioGenetic Sound, Streatley, Berkshire
Genre
Length40:46
Label
Producer
The Human League chronology
Travelogue
(1980)
Dare
(1981)
Love and Dancing
(1982)
Singles from Dare
  1. "The Sound of the Crowd"
    Released: 20 April 1981
  2. "Love Action (I Believe in Love)"
    Released: 27 July 1981
  3. "Open Your Heart"
    Released: 28 September 1981
  4. "Don't You Want Me"
    Released: 27 November 1981
  5. "The Things That Dreams Are Made Of"
    Released: 21 January 2008

Dare (released as Dare! in the US) is the third studio album by English synth-pop band the Human League, first released in the UK on 16 October 1981[3] then subsequently in the US in mid-1982. The album was recorded between March and September 1981 following the departure of founding members Martyn Ware and Ian Craig Marsh, and saw the band shift direction from their prior avant-garde electronic style toward a more pop-friendly, commercial sound led by frontman Philip Oakey.

Dare became critically acclaimed and has proved to be a genre-defining album, whose influence can be felt in many areas of pop music.[4] The album and its four singles were large successes, particularly the international hit "Don't You Want Me". The album reached number 1 in the UK and was certified Triple Platinum by the BPI.

A remix album based on Dare, Love and Dancing, was released in 1982.

History[edit]

Dare is the third studio album from the Human League but saw the band move into a more pop-style territory compared with their previous two albums, Reproduction and Travelogue. This was due to a split in the band's original line-up, with new personnel joining vocalist Philip Oakey, and the collaboration with a new producer, Martin Rushent.

In January 1981 the Human League consisted of just Oakey and Philip Adrian Wright with newly recruited teenage dancers/backing vocalists Joanne Catherall and Susan Ann Sulley. After the acrimonious split of the original band in October 1980 and the subsequent recruitment of Sulley and Catherall, the new band had only just survived a European tour by bringing in session keyboardist Ian Burden to temporarily assist. The band were deeply in debt and only barely commercially viable. Under pressure to produce results from Virgin Records, original members Oakey and Wright returned to Monumental Studios in Sheffield to start recording demo tracks. They recorded the track "Boys and Girls" from the 1980 tour, which Virgin then quickly released as a single. The style of "Boys and Girls" was more reminiscent of the band's earlier work. Sulley and Catherall, who were busy with school, appeared on the cover of the single but did not perform on the track itself. The synthesiser work was basic as Oakey and Wright admitted they lacked the skill of former members Marsh and Ware. When "Boys and Girls" peaked at number 47 on the UK Singles Chart, Oakey realised that he would need to bring in experienced personnel to take the band in the more pop and commercial sounding direction he wanted.

Oakey's first move was to invite guitarist and keyboard player Ian Burden from their 1980 tour back to join the band full-time. As a trained musician, not only were Burden's keyboard skills vastly superior to Oakey and Wright's but he instantly proved to be an adept songwriter as well. Virgin had suggested that Oakey needed professional production and paired him with veteran producer Martin Rushent, an expert on emerging music technologies of the time. Because of the "unhealthy" atmosphere at Monumental Studios in Sheffield caused by the Human League sharing it with Heaven 17 (containing ex-Human League members Ware and Marsh), Rushent moved the band to his Genetic Sound Studios in Reading. In addition, Rushent's studios were better-equipped for the type of music the band was making. A downside would be that the distance would cause problems for Sulley and Catherall who were taking their final school exams and had to be bussed down from Sheffield regularly.[5]

The first result of their recording sessions was released in April 1981 entitled "The Sound of the Crowd", and would be a defining moment for the band. With the sophisticated synthesiser work of Burden aided by Wright, Oakey's deep baritone lead vocal and, for the first time, female backing vocals from Sulley and Catherall, it would prove to be the band's keystone sound. The final addition to the band would be the experienced guitarist and songwriter Jo Callis formerly of punk rock band the Rezillos, who quickly had to learn to play synthesisers.

Oakey accepts that Martin Rushent's adept sequencing and programming skills brought a professional edge to the band's sound, and added many new elements and techniques. Oakey, Burden, Wright and Callis set about writing new material, bringing in Sulley and Catherall from Sheffield as often as they were available. The aim was another album for the Human League within a year. Virgin were at this point lukewarm but keen that the band released another single as soon as possible.

The first release from the now complete new team came in July 1981, "Love Action (I Believe in Love)", which peaked at number three in the UK. The band now had much new material to work with and set about arranging it into a viable album. By September 1981 the prototype album was ready to go and provisionally entitled Dare, after a Vogue magazine cover (U.K., April 1979, Gia Carangi). Oakey explained the story behind the album name at the time:

I like it because the Mekons used to have a song called "Dan Dare". In fact, it was ripped off from a cover of Vogue about two and a half years ago. They had a whole series of covers which featured just one word like "Success", "Red" and "Dare". I shouldn't say that, should I?[6]

To set the scene for the album's release Virgin released one of the album tracks immediately in advance of the album. "Open Your Heart" went to number six in the UK, confirming the band's popularity. Virgin began heavily advertising the release of the new album, set for the end of October 1981. "Open Your Heart" was accompanied by a high-end promotional video. Whilst it was still on the charts, Dare was released to critical acclaim. It was also condemned by the Musicians' Union, who believed the new technology employed by the Human League was making traditional musicians redundant and a threat to their monopoly. Soon they would begin a "Keep It Live" campaign believing that bands like the Human League would be able to perform concerts at the touch of a button.[5]

Virgin executive Simon Draper's next choice would be the track "Don't You Want Me", the conflicting male/female duet about jealousy and romantic obsession that Oakey had recorded with teenage backing singer Susanne Sulley. Oakey was unhappy with the decision and originally fought it, believing it to be the weakest track on Dare; for that reason it had been relegated to the last track on the B-side of the vinyl album. Oakey was eventually overruled by Virgin.[5] It would go on to become the band's greatest ever hit, selling millions of copies worldwide and becoming the 25th highest ever selling single in the UK (as of 2007).[7] It was also the Christmas number one for 1981.

Release[edit]

The album was a massive commercial success, quickly reaching number one on the UK Albums Chart in early November 1981. The album release was expected to be the climax of an enormously successful year for the band, but Virgin Record's Simon Draper decided he wanted an additional single from the album before the end of the year.[5] By Christmas 1981 Dare had gone platinum in the UK, and the Human League had a number-one album and number-one single concurrently on the UK charts. Dare would eventually remain on the UK Albums Chart for 71 weeks.[7] A remix album, called Love and Dancing, was released in July 1982.

International releases[edit]

The single "Don't You Want Me" had been released with an expensive and elaborate promotional video created by film maker Steve Barron. Music video was a relatively new phenomenon and cable TV station MTV had only just started up to capitalise on this new media but had very little material to work with. Virgin Records syndicated the video to MTV which was played around the clock. Because of the interest the video generated in "Don't You Want Me", Virgin licensed the release in the US of the single and the album. The licensee for the US was A&M Records who renamed the album Dare! The addition of the exclamation mark was because A&M wanted to differentiate their (US) release from Virgin's original release in the UK. The release of Dare! immediately mirrored the success of the UK; and in mid 1982 it reached number three on the US Billboard 200 and the single "Don't You Want Me" was at number one on the Billboard Hot 100. Although critics were not as universally applauding as in the UK, the commercial success of Dare! would set the scene for the band's return to the US charts a number of times in later years.

Dare earned considerable income for record labels Virgin and A&M; in Virgin's case, it gave the label the first chart-topping album since Mike Oldfield's Tubular Bells in 1973. "Don't You Want Me" was the label's first ever chart-topping single. The success of Dare was responsible for saving the label from impending bankruptcy. A very grateful Richard Branson sent Philip Oakey a motorcycle as a thank you present, but Oakey had to return it as he couldn't ride it.[5]

As well as the commercial success in the US under A&M, in 1982 Dare was also highly successful in Australia, Japan, France and Germany. Dare has been re-released a number of times since its original creation. The 1997 U.S. CD release on Caroline Records included the additional B-side tracks "Hard Times" and "Non-Stop". In 2002 (UK)/2003 (U.S.), another re-release combined Dare and Love and Dancing on one CD. In 2012, a 2-CD box set compiled Dare, several bonus remixes and an expanded version of the Fascination! EP, which was released separately in Japan in 2015.[8]

Packaging[edit]

Dare internal gatefold artwork 1981 – Sulley and Catherall

The cover art and other album artwork is based on a concept that Oakey wanted, that the album should look like an edition of Vogue. The final design is a joint effort between Philip Adrian Wright (also the band's director of visuals) and graphic designer Ken Ansell. Its typography closely resembles the cover of Vogue's April 1979 issue, which inspired the album's title. Oakey is solo on the front cover with Sulley and Catherall on the internal gatefold, and the whole band on the reverse. The artwork has been reproduced in numerous forms for the various re-releases and sold as posters.[9]

Explaining why the band's portraits are close cropped and the girls had their hair tied back for their photographs, Susan Ann Sulley explains, "we wanted people to still be able to buy the album in five years, we thought that hair styles would be the first thing to date. We had no idea people would still be buying it 25 years later."

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic5/5 stars[3]
Mojo4/5 stars[10]
Pitchfork9.1/10[2]
Q5/5 stars[11]
Record Collector5/5 stars[12]
Rolling Stone4/5 stars[13]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide3/5 stars[14]
Spin Alternative Record Guide9/10[15]
Uncut10/10[16]
The Village VoiceB−[17]

Dare was almost universally critically acclaimed in the UK. In Melody Maker Steve Sutherland celebrated the fact the album would irritate guitar-rock traditionalists, saying, "All let's-pretend-pompous it's cornily consistent, cultured, crude, elegant, cheap ... anything you want it to be. Me? I think it's a masterpiece. Sure to upset some, sell to millions more and so it should the way it tramps all over rock traditions. A trite sound, a retarded glam image and a mock respect. All the appeal in the world ... Dare should show up the pathetic farce of pop mythology once and for all."[18] Smash Hits critic David Hepworth called it "chock-full of precise, memorable melodies delivered with style and humour".[19] Noted music critic Paul Morley wrote in the NME, "Dare is the second intoxicating intervention to be produced out of the great split [referring to Ian Craig Marsh and Martyn Ware leaving the first incarnation of the Human League, and their album Penthouse and Pavement released with their new band Heaven 17], and already it's the first Human League greatest hits collection ... Much more than ABBA or whoever you like, the Human League signify that deliciously serious, sincerely disposable MOR music can possess style, quality and sophistication ... I think that Dare is one of the Great popular music LPs."[20]

According to the book Let It Blurt: The Life and Times of Lester Bangs, renowned music critic Lester Bangs died of an accidental drug overdose while listening to Dare.[21]

Awards[edit]

Dare featured in numerous year-end polls for 1981.[22] It was ranked the sixth best album of 1981 by the NME,[23] and was voted Album of the Year in the 1981 Smash Hits readers' poll.[24] Martin Rushent received the Brit Award for Best British Producer at the 1982 ceremony for his production on Dare, while the band won the award for Best British Newcomer.[25]

Legacy[edit]

Dare Tour 2007 artwork – Sulley, Oakey, Catherall

Dare has appeared on several lists of the greatest albums of all time. Sounds magazine voted it the 81st best album of all time in 1986, and the 44th best album of the 1980s three years later.[26][27] In a similar list, Rolling Stone ranked Dare the 78th best album of the 1980s in 1990.[28] In 2000, Q placed it at number 69 in its list of the 100 Greatest British Albums Ever;[22] the same magazine named Dare the 19th best album of the 1980s in 2006.[29] In 2006, British Hit Singles & Albums and NME organised a poll in which 40,000 people worldwide voted for the 100 best albums ever; Dare ranked at number 77 on the list,[30] while in 2012, Slant Magazine ranked it as the decade's 86th best album.[31] In 2013, NME ranked the album 111th in their list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[32] Meanwhile, Uncut magazine ranked the album 132nd in their list of the 200 greatest albums of all time in 2015.[33] Paste placed Dare at number 34 on its 2016 list of the best new wave albums.[1]

The album was also included in the 2018 edition of Robert Dimery's book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[34] Based on Dare's appearances in professional rankings and listings, the aggregate website Acclaimed Music lists it as the most acclaimed album of 1981, the 36th most acclaimed album of the 1980s and the 270th most acclaimed album in history.[22]

25th anniversary[edit]

To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the release of Dare (and the 30th anniversary of the formation of the band), the modern day Human League (Oakey, Sulley and Catherall from the original 1981 band line up) conducted a special Dare 2007 tour of the UK and Europe playing the original album live in full during November and December 2007. An updated version of the album's cover artwork, now with recent photographs of Sulley, Oakey and Catherall in the style of the original artwork, accompanied the advertising for the tour.[35]

Martin Rushent, interviewed in the July 2010 issue of Sound on Sound magazine, said he was working on a remastered 30th anniversary edition of the album which would include new mixes of its tracks using real instruments rather than synthesisers.[36] However, Rushent died in June 2011 with the project unreleased.

Virgin40[edit]

Dare was one of the Virgin Records albums selected for special picture disc release to mark the 40th anniversary of the group's erstwhile record label.[37]

Track listing[edit]

Side 1
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."The Things That Dreams Are Made Of"Oakey, Wright4:14
2."Open Your Heart"Callis, Oakey3:53
3."The Sound of the Crowd"Burden, Oakey3:56
4."Darkness"Callis, Wright3:56
5."Do or Die"Burden, Oakey5:25
Side 2
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
6."Get Carter" (instrumental)Roy Budd1:02
7."I Am the Law"Oakey, Wright4:09
8."Seconds"Callis, Oakey, Wright4:58
9."Love Action (I Believe in Love)"Burden, Oakey4:58
10."Don't You Want Me"Callis, Oakey, Wright3:56
CD bonus tracks (Caroline Records, CAROL 1114-2, US, released 1997)
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
11."Hard Times"Oakey, Wright, Callis5:42
12."Non-Stop"Callis, Wright4:15
  • Track 11 was the B-side of the "Love Action (I Believe in Love)" single. Track 12 was the B-side of the "Open Your Heart" single.
Dare/Fascination! 2CD box set bonus tracks (Virgin Records, CDVD 2192, UK, released 2012)
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
11."The Sound of the Crowd" (12" version)Burden, Oakey6:28
12."Don't You Want Me" (extended dance mix)Callis, Oakey, Wright7:31
13."The Sound of the Crowd" (instrumental)Burden, Oakey4:12
14."Open Your Heart/Non-Stop" (instrumentals)Callis, Oakey/Callis, Wright8:41
15."Don't You Want Me" (alternative version)Callis, Oakey, Wright3:57

Personnel[edit]

Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes.[38]

The Human League

Additional personnel

Studio equipment used[edit]

The following studio equipment was used in the recording of the album:[39]

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Sales certifications for Dare
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[58] Platinum 100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[59] Platinum 15,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[60] 3× Platinum 900,000^
United States (RIAA)[61] Gold 500,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]