Dark chocolate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dark chocolate (also known as black chocolate, plain chocolate, or bitter chocolate) is a form of chocolate containing a higher percentage of cocoa solids and cocoa butter than milk chocolate, and little to no sugar.[1] Government and industry standards of what products may be labeled "dark chocolate" vary by country and market.[2] A global increase in demand for dark chocolate occurred in the early 21st century.[3]

Although dark chocolate has a reputation as a healthier alternative to other types of chocolate, such as milk chocolate,[4] high-quality evidence for significant health benefits, such as on blood pressure, has not been shown.[5][needs update][6]

Research[edit]

As of 2018, high-quality clinical trials have not been conducted to evaluate the effects of cocoa compounds on physiological outcomes, such as blood pressure for which only small (1-2 mmHg) changes resulted from short-term consumption of chocolate up to 105 grams and 670 milligrams of flavonols per day.[5][6] In dark chocolate, flavanols include monomers, epicatechins, and catechins.[5]

Nutritional content[edit]

Dark chocolate is 1% water, 46% carbohydrates, 43% fat, and 8% protein (table). In a 100 grams (3.5 oz) reference amount, dark chocolate supplies several dietary minerals in significant content, such as iron at 92% of the Daily Value (DV) and vitamin B6 at 29% DV (table). Dark chocolate contains 70-85% cocoa solids (nutrition table).

Dark chocolate (70-85% cacao solids)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy2,708.42 kJ (647.33 kcal)
45.90 g
Sugars23.99 g
Dietary fiber10.9 g
42.63 g
Saturated24.489 g
Trans0.030 g
Monounsaturated12.781 g
Polyunsaturated1.257 g
7.79 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Vitamin A equiv.
0%
2 μg
Vitamin A39 IU
Thiamine (B1)
3%
0.034 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
7%
0.078 mg
Niacin (B3)
7%
1.076 mg
Vitamin B6
29%
0.38 mg
Vitamin E
4%
0.59 mg
Vitamin K
7%
7.3 μg
MineralsQuantity %DV
Calcium
7%
73 mg
Iron
92%
11.90 mg
Magnesium
64%
228 mg
Phosphorus
44%
308 mg
Potassium
15%
715 mg
Sodium
1%
20 mg
Zinc
35%
3.31 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water1.37 g
Caffeine80 mg
Cholesterol3 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bitter chocolate". Cambridge Dictionary. 2018.
  2. ^ "What is dark chocolate?". Baking Bites. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Preference for dark chocolate continues". Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Heart-Health Benefits of Chocolate Unveiled". Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  5. ^ a b c Ried, K.; Sullivan, T. R.; Fakler, P.; Frank, O. R.; Stocks, N. P. (2012). "Effect of cocoa on blood pressure". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (8): CD008893. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008893.pub2. PMID 22895979.
  6. ^ a b Fleming, Nic (25 March 2018). "The dark truth about chocolate". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 October 2018.