White chocolate

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White chocolate
White chocolate with rose petals.jpg
Bar of white chocolate containing pieces of rose petals
Type Chocolate
Main ingredients Cocoa butter, sugar, milk solids
Ingredients generally used salt, vanilla extract
Cookbook: White chocolate  Media: White chocolate

White chocolate is a chocolate derivative. It commonly consists of cocoa butter, sugar and milk solids and is characterized by a pale yellow or ivory appearance. The melting point of cocoa butter, its primary cocoa bean component, is high enough to keep white chocolate solid at room temperature.


White chocolate does not contain non-fat cocoa solids, the primary nutritional constituent of chocolate liquor—chocolate in its raw, unsweetened form.[1][unreliable source?] During the manufacturing process, the dark-colored solids of the cocoa bean are separated from its fatty content, as with milk, semi-sweet, and dark chocolate. But, unlike those other chocolate types, the cocoa solids are not recombined. As a result, this fat, cocoa butter, is the only cacao ingredient in white chocolate. Because it contains no cocoa solids, white chocolate contains only trace amounts of the stimulants theobromine and caffeine,[2] while lacking the antioxidant properties or many characterizing ingredients of chocolate, such as thiamine, riboflavin, and phenylethylamine.[3] Often, the cocoa butter is deodorized to remove its strong flavor.[4] If prime pressed cocoa butter is used, it has natural anti-oxidant (vitamin E), but if deodorized it has none, as the deodorizing is a steam stripping step, often at 180 °C (356 °F).[citation needed]

White chocolate may include additional flavorings. Vanilla is a common additive.[5]

Some preparations known as confectioner's coating or summer coating may be confused with white chocolate, but are made from inexpensive solid or hydrogenated vegetable and animal fats, and are not at all derived from cocoa. These preparations may actually be white (in contrast to white chocolate's ivory shade[4]) and will lack cocoa butter's flavor.


Regulations govern what may be marketed as "white chocolate": In the United States, since 2004, white chocolate must be (by weight) at least 20% cocoa butter, 14% total milk solids, and 3.5% milk fat, and no more than 55% sugar or other sweeteners.[6] Before this date, American firms required temporary marketing permits to sell white chocolate. The European Union has adopted the same standards, except that there is no limit on sugar or sweeteners.[7]


In the 1930s, the white chocolate Milkybar was launched in Europe by Swiss company Nestlé.[8]

In North America, Kuno Baedeker developed a white chocolate while working for the Merckens Chocolate Company in 1945.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Alicia Rudnicki. "Can People Who Are Allergic to Chocolate Eat White Chocolate?". Livestrong.com. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Kummer, Corby (21 December 1988). "America Is Going Sweet on White Chocolate". New York Times. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Theobroma cacao L.". Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "The World's Best White Chocolate Page 3: Percent Cacao & Cocoa Butter". The Nibble. Lifestyle Direct. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  5. ^ Blumberg, Naomi. "Chocolate". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "Title 21 Chapter I Subchapter B Part 163 of the Code of Federal Regulations". United States Government Publishing Office. 24 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directive 2000/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 June 2000 relating to cocoa and chocolate products intended for human consumption". Retrieved 27 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "The History Of White Chocolate". The Nibble. The World’s Best White Chocolate. 1 April 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Chocolate-Loving Couple Settled Here" (PDF). Lake Placid News (PDF). Lake Placid, New York. 19 March 1987. p. 8. Retrieved 2 August 2013.