David Waddington, Baron Waddington

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"David Waddington" redirects here. For the 19th century politician, see David Waddington (Essex MP).
The Right Honourable
David Waddington, Baron Waddington
GCVO PC QC DL
Governor of Bermuda
In office
11 April 1992 – 2 May 1997
Premier John Swan
David Saul
Pamela Gordon
Preceded by Desmond Langley
Succeeded by Thorold Masefield
Leader of the House of Lords
Lord Privy Seal
In office
28 November 1990 – 11 April 1992
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by The Lord Belstead
Succeeded by The Lord Wakeham
Home Secretary
In office
26 October 1989 – 28 November 1990
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Douglas Hurd
Succeeded by Kenneth Baker
Chief Whip of the Conservative Party
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
In office
13 June 1987 – 24 July 1989
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by John Wakeham
Succeeded by Tim Renton
Member of Parliament
for Ribble Valley
In office
9 June 1983 – 28 November 1990
Preceded by Constituency created
Succeeded by Michael Carr
Member of Parliament
for Clitheroe
In office
1 March 1979 – 9 June 1983
Preceded by David Walder
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Member of Parliament
for Nelson and Colne
In office
27 June 1968 – 10 October 1974
Preceded by Sydney Silverman
Succeeded by Doug Hoyle
Member of the House of Lords
In office
4 December 1990 – 26 March 2015
Personal details
Born David Charles Waddington
(1929-08-02)2 August 1929
Burnley, Lancashire, England
Died 23 February 2017(2017-02-23) (aged 87)
Political party Conservative
Alma mater Hertford College, Oxford
Gray's Inn

David Charles Waddington, Baron Waddington, GCVO, PC, QC, DL (2 August 1929 – 23 February 2017) was a British politician and barrister.

A member of the Conservative Party, he served as a Member of Parliament (MP) in the House of Commons from 1968 to 1974, and from 1979 to 1990, and was then made a life peer. During his parliamentary career, Waddington worked in government as Chief Whip, then as Home Secretary and finally as Leader of the House of Lords. He then served as the Governor of Bermuda between 1992 and 1997.

Early life[edit]

Waddington was born in Burnley, Lancashire, the youngest of five. His father and grandfather were both solicitors in Burnley. He was educated at Cressbrook School and Sedbergh School, both independent schools.[1]

He then attended Hertford College, Oxford, where he became President of the Oxford University Conservative Association. He was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn in 1951.[2]

Stefan Kiszko trial[edit]

In 1976, Waddington led the defence in the trial of Stefan Kiszko, a case which became a significant miscarriage of justice. The British tax clerk from Rochdale, who was convicted of the murder of 12-year-old Lesley Molseed, served sixteen years in prison for a crime he did not commit. It is alleged[by whom?] that this was because Kiszko's defence team made significant mistakes.

  • Firstly, they did not seek an adjournment when the Crown delivered thousands of pages of additional unused material on the first morning of the trial. Waddington recalled: "the unused material did not include the results of tests on Mr Kiszko's semen which were then in the hands of the Police and showed that Mr Kiszko was not the murderer".[citation needed]
  • Secondly, it was alleged that, in court, Waddington maintained a defence of diminished responsibility which Kiszko had never authorised. Waddington stated that this assertion runs counter to what Kiszko's new counsel told the Court of Appeal. Stephen Sedley (later Lord Justice Sedley) said that "I am now completely satisfied that advice had been given to Mr Kiszko and his authority properly obtained."[3]

Kiszko was finally released in 1992, after the Court of Appeal was told forensic evidence showed that he could not have been the murderer. The Court of Appeal was told that Kiszko was incapable of producing the sperm found on the girl's clothing, evidence to this effect being available at the time of the trial but not disclosed to the defence.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

Waddington stood for election several times before being successful. He was the Conservative candidate at Farnworth in the 1955 general election, at Nelson and Colne in 1964, and at Heywood and Royton in 1966.[4]

He was first elected to Parliament at the 1968 Nelson and Colne by-election, caused by the death of Labour MP Sydney Silverman. He was re-elected there in 1970 and in February 1974, but lost his seat at the October 1974 general election by a margin of 669 votes to Labour's Doug Hoyle.[2]

Waddington was returned to Parliament for Clitheroe at the by-election in March 1979, and was subsequently elected for the broadly similar Ribble Valley constituency in 1983.[1]

In government[edit]

A junior minister under Margaret Thatcher, Waddington was a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury and Government Whip (1979–81), Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Department of Employment (1981–83), Minister of State at the Home Office (1983–87), and Chief Whip from 1987 until his elevation to Cabinet level in 1989, when he became Home Secretary.[4]

Life peer[edit]

On 4 December 1990, he was created a life peer as Baron Waddington, of Read in the County of Lancashire.[5] He served as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords until 1992. He then served as Governor of Bermuda from 1992 until 1997.[6][7]

Lord Waddington was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in 1994.[8] In 2008, his amendment to the Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill, known as the Waddington Amendment, inserted a freedom of speech clause into new anti-homophobic hate crime legislation.[9]

In November 2009, the Government failed to repeal the Waddington Amendment in the Coroners and Justice Bill.[10][11] On 26 March 2015, Lord Waddington retired from the House of Lords pursuant, to Section 1 of the House of Lords Reform Act 2014.[12]

Death[edit]

Lord Waddington died on 23 February 2017, aged 87. He was survived by his wife, and their five children.[2]

Arms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kavanagh, Dennis (25 February 2017). "Lord Waddington obituary: Chief Whip and former Home Secretary was loyal supporter of Margaret Thatcher". The Independent. 
  2. ^ a b c Bates, Stephen (24 February 2017). "Lord Waddington obituary". The Guardian. 
  3. ^ Rose, Jonathan; Panter, Steve; Wilkinson, Trevor (1997). Innocents: How justice failed Stefan Kiszko and Lesley Molseed. London, UK: Fourth Estate. ISBN 1-85702-402-8. 
  4. ^ a b "Lord Waddington profile". UK Parliament. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "no. 52357". The London Gazette. 7 December 1990. p. 18904. 
  6. ^ Staff (7 May 1997). "From Bermuda to the treacle mines for Lord David". Lancashire Evening Telegraph. Archived from the original on 24 May 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2009. After almost five years as Governor of Bermuda, Lord Waddington has come home to the Ribble Valley. 
  7. ^ "FROM BERMUDA TO THE TREACLE MINES FOR LORD DAVID". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on 24 May 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "no. 53640". The London Gazette. 12 April 1994. p. 5476. 
  9. ^ "Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008". Opsi.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "Coroners and Justice Bill". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  11. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster. "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 12 November 2009 (pt 0008)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "Lords Hansard text for 26 March 2015 (pt 0001)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sydney Silverman
Member of Parliament for Nelson and Colne
19681974
Succeeded by
Doug Hoyle
Preceded by
David Walder
Member of Parliament for Clitheroe
19791983
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Ribble Valley
19831990
Succeeded by
Michael Carr
Political offices
Preceded by
John Wakeham
Chief Whip of the Conservative Party
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Timothy Renton
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
1987–1989
Preceded by
Douglas Hurd
Home Secretary
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Kenneth Baker
Preceded by
The Lord Belstead
Leader of the House of Lords
1990–1992
Succeeded by
The Lord Wakeham
Lord Privy Seal
1990–1992
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Belstead
Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
1990–1992
Succeeded by
The Lord Wakeham
Government offices
Preceded by
Desmond Langley
Governor of Bermuda
1992–1997
Succeeded by
Thorold Masefield