Brian Stanley Mawhinney, Baron Mawhinney, PC (born 26 July 1940) is a British Conservative Party politician. He was a member of the Cabinet from 1994 until 1997 and a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1979 until 2005.
Mawhinney was born in 1940 in Belfast and was educated at the Royal Belfast Academical Institution. He studied physics at Queen's University of Belfast, gaining an upper second class degree in 1963 and obtained a Ph.D. in radiation physics at the Royal Free Hospital in London in 1969 with thesis title Studies on the effects of radiation on mammalian bone grown in vitro. He worked as assistant professor of radiation research at the University of Iowa from 1968–70 and then returned to the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine as a lecturer from 1970–84.
Mawhinney contested Stockton-on-Tees in October 1974 but lost to Labour incumbent, Bill Rodgers. Mawhinney served as Member of Parliament for Peterborough from 1979–97 and Member of Parliament for North West Cambridgeshire from 1997 to 2005. Mawhinney campaigned prolifically against pornography. In 1979 one of his bills was in the Private Members’ Bills ballot, which attempted to ban indecent displays outside cinemas, sex shops and strip clubs. In early 1980, he called for Keith Joseph to launch an inquiry into a page on the Post Office’s Prestel viewdata service, called "A Buyer's Guide to Dirty Books".
He was PPS to John Wakeham from 1982–83, and PPS to Tom King from 1984-86. He became a junior minister at the Northern Ireland Office in 1986, and then became Minister of State at the Northern Ireland Office in 1990. In 1992, he became Minister of State at the Department of Health until 1994.
Having been sworn of the Privy Council in the 1994 New Year Honours, he entered the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Transport that year. He served as Chairman of the Conservative Party and Minister without Portfolio for two years from 1995 until the 1997 election. He was knighted in the 1997 Dissolution Honours.
He served as Shadow Home Secretary and spokesman for home, constitutional and legal affairs for a year under William Hague before returning to the back benches in June 1998. He stepped down from the House of Commons in May 2005.
House of Lords
In 2003, he was appointed Chairman of The Football League, and in 2004 oversaw a re-organisation of the league structure, renaming the former Division One as the Football League Championship. Deeply religious, Mawhinney is a leading member of the Conservative Christian Fellowship and was a member of the General Synod for five years. He is also the current president of Christians In Sport.
Mawhinney has two sons and a daughter with his wife Betty, a United States citizen. He lists Anglo-American relations among his interests.
Styles of address
- 1940–1969: Mr Brian Mawhinney
- 1969–1979: Dr Brian Mawhinney
- 1979–1994: Dr Brian Mawhinney MP
- 1994–1997: The Rt Hon. Dr Brian Mawhinney MP
- 1997–2005: The Rt Hon. Sir Brian Mawhinney MP
- 2005: The Rt Hon. Sir Brian Mawhinney
- 2005–: The Rt Hon. The Lord Mawhinney PC
- List of Northern Ireland Members of the House of Lords
- List of Northern Ireland members of the Privy Council
- "Sir Brian Mawhinney". BBC News. 18 October 2002. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
- "Mawhinney, Brian". London, UK: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 14 November 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
- "…with 27 new working peers…". London, UK: Telegraph Media Group. 14 May 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
- InfoWorld, 28 April 1980.
- "No. 53527". The London Gazette. 30 December 1993. p. 1.
- "No. 55229". The London Gazette. 16 August 1998. p. 8994.
- "Mawhinney to leave Parliament". BBC News. 30 September 2003. Retrieved 21 December 2007.
- "End of Commons road for four MPs". BBC News. 10 April 2005. Retrieved 4 August 2007.
- "Full list of new life peers". BBC News. 13 May 2005. Retrieved 4 August 2007.
- "No. 57688". The London Gazette. 29 June 2005. p. 8439.
- David Cameron under renewed pressure from Tory grassroots over gay marriage, standard.co.uk, 2 June 2013.
- "Mawhinney handed top post". BBC Sport. 19 December 2002. Retrieved 4 August 2007.
- "PRESS RELEASE: Lord Mawhinney appointed as President of Christians in Sport". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Castle, Stephen (31 July 1994). "Profile: No nonsense for the Cabinet's new boy: Brian Mawhinney: The transport boss may have a twinkle in his eye, writes Stephen Castle, but he won't take flannel from civil servants". The Independent. London, UK.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Brian Mawhinney
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament
for North West Cambridgeshire
| Secretary of State for Transport
| Minister without Portfolio
| Shadow Home Secretary
|Party political offices|
| Chairman of the Conservative Party