Deir Jarir, in 2013
|Name meaning||The monastery or house of Jerir|
Deir Jarir (Arabic: دير جرير) is a Palestinian agricultural town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the central West Bank, located twelve kilometers (7.5 miles) northeast of Ramallah. It is situated on a hilltop overlooking the Jordan Valley at an elevation of 900 metres (3,000 feet). According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Deir Jarir had a population of approximately 3,986 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.
It spreads along a large land area of 33,357 dunams (33.357 km2), of which 17.2% is under the civil jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA), while the remainder is under Israeli military control. Most of the land administered by the PNA is the city's built-up area and most of Deir Jarir's cultivated lands are grown with grape vines and fig and olive trees. Open-spaces make-up 76% of the town's area.
In 1517, Deir Jarir was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared (with the name Dar Jarir) in the tax registers as being in the nahiya of Quds in the liwa of Quds. It had a population of 23 households, all Muslim. Taxes were paid on wheat, barley, olives, vineyards, fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and/or bee hives; a total of 4,300 Akçe. Shards from the early Ottoman era have also been found.
In 1838 it was noted as Deir Jureir, a Muslim village, located in the Beni Murrah region, north of Jerusalem.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Dar Jerir as "A village of moderate size, with ancient tombs to the south, and a spring to the west; a few olives on the same side."
In 1896 the population of Deir Jarir was estimated to be about 828 persons.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the village, named Dair Ijreer, had a population of 739, all Muslim. In the 1931 census the population of Deir Jarir was a total of 847, still entirely Muslim, in 172 inhabited houses.
In 1945 the population of Deir Jarir was 1,080, all Muslims, who owned 33,161 dunams (33.2 km2; 12.8 sq mi) of land according to an official land and population survey. 3,091 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 6,499 used for cereals, while 40 dunams (4.0 ha; 9.9 acres) were built-up (urban) land.
In 1961, the population of Deir Jarir was 1,474.
After the Six-Day War in 1967, Deir Jarir has been under Israeli occupation. The population of Deir Jerir in the 1967 census conducted by the Israeli authorities was 1,275, 18 of whom originated from the Israeli territory.
15% of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 85% is defined as Area C. Israel has confiscated 1,265 of dunams of village land for the construction of the Israeli settlement of Kokhav HaShahar.
In September 2005, hundreds of armed residents from Deir Jarir attacked the nearby town of Taybeh, which was provoked by a family feud. The feud was caused by a Christian man from Taybeh allegedly having intimate relations with a Muslim woman from Deir Jarir. The attack left 13 houses burnt, and three men were arrested (two from Deir Jarir and one from Taybeh). Despite the incident, the neighboring towns continue to have healthy relations; residents say "the people of Taybeh and the people of Deir Jarir are one family".
- Palmer, 1881, p. 228
- About Deir Jarir village The Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem. 2008-03-15.
- 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.113.
- Deir Jarir Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 5
- Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 591
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 113.
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 125
- Guérin, 1869, p. 44, and Guérin, 1874, p. 208
- Socin, 1879, p. 151 NB: It was noted in the Beni Salim District, a probable typo
- Hartmann, 1883, p. 115 found 114 houses
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 291
- Schick, 1896, p. 122
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
- Mills, 1932, p. 48
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 111
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 161
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
- Perlmann, Joel (November 2011 – February 2012). "The 1967 Census of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: A Digitized Version" (PDF). Levy Economics Institute. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- Deir Jarir Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 19
- "A frightening family feud". Williamson, Lucy. BBC News. 2005-09-10.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Finkelstein, Israel; Lederman, Zvi, eds. (1997). Highlands of many cultures. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University Publications Section. ISBN 965-440-007-3.
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics (1964). First Census of Population and Housing. Volume I: Final Tables; General Characteristics of the Population (PDF).
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945.
- Guérin, Victor (1868). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 1: Judee, pt. 1. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Guérin, Victor (1874). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 1. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem türkischen Staatskalender für Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.'
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Schick, C. (1896). "Zur Einwohnerzahl des Bezirks Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 19: 120–127.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Welcome To Dayr Jarir
- Deir Jarir, Welcome to Palestine
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Deir Jarir Village (Fact Sheet), Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Deir Jarir Village Profile, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Aerial photo, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Deir Jarir & Silwad: Two Palestinian villages Hammered by the Israeli Occupation 15, March, 2008, POICA
- Ufra Colonists Set Palestinian Fields Ablaze in Deir Jarir- Ramallah Governorate 24, September, 2011, POICA
- Under the guise of legality: Israel's Declaration of State Land in the West Bank, February 2012, B'tselem