Deir Jarir

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Deir Jarir
Other transcription(s)
Deir Jarir, in 2013
Deir Jarir, in 2013
Deir Jarir is located in the Palestinian territories
Deir Jarir
Deir Jarir
Location of Deir Jarir
Coordinates: 31°57′52″N 35°17′45″E / 31.96444°N 35.29583°E / 31.96444; 35.29583Coordinates: 31°57′52″N 35°17′45″E / 31.96444°N 35.29583°E / 31.96444; 35.29583
Palestine grid 178/152
Name meaning The monastery or house of Jerir[1]
Website http://www.deirjarir.ps

Deir Jarir (Arabic: دير جرير‎) is a Palestinian agricultural town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the central West Bank, located twelve kilometers (7.5 miles) northeast of Ramallah. It is situated on a hilltop overlooking the Jordan Valley at an elevation of 900 metres (3,000 feet).[2] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Deir Jarir had a population of approximately 3,986 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[3]

It spreads along a large land area of 33,357 dunams (33.357 km2), of which 17.2% is under the civil jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA), while the remainder is under Israeli military control. Most of the land administered by the PNA is the city's built-up area and most of Deir Jarir's cultivated lands are grown with grape vines and fig and olive trees. Open-spaces make-up 76% of the town's area.[2]

Location[edit]

Deir Jarir is located 12.2 km northeast of Ramallah. It is bordered by Al Auja to the east, Kafr Malik and Al Mazra'a ash Sharqiya to the north, Silwad to the west, and Et Taiyiba to the south.[4]

History[edit]

The village name means The monastery, or house of Jerir, named after the celebrated Arab poet Jarir.[1]

Sherds from the Mamluk era have been found here.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, Deir Jarir was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared (with the name Dar Jarir) in the tax registers as being in the nahiya of Quds in the liwa of Quds. It had a population of 23 households, all Muslim. Taxes were paid on wheat, barley, olives, vineyards, fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and/or bee hives; a total of 4,300 Akçe.[6] Shards from the early Ottoman era have also been found.[5]

In 1838 it was noted as Deir Jureir, a Muslim village, located in the Beni Murrah region, north of Jerusalem.[7]

The French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village in 1863 and in 1870, and he found it having about 200 inhabitants.[8]

An Ottoman village list of about 1870 indicated 111 houses and a population of 394, though the population count included men, only.[9][10]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Dar Jerir as "A village of moderate size, with ancient tombs to the south, and a spring to the west; a few olives on the same side."[11]

In 1896 the population of Deir Jarir was estimated to be about 828 persons.[12]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the village, named Dair Ijreer, had a population of 739, all Muslim.[13] In the 1931 census the population of Deir Jarir was a total of 847, still entirely Muslim, in 172 inhabited houses.[14]

In 1945 the population of Deir Jarir was 1,080, all Muslims,[15] who owned 33,161 dunams (33.2 km2; 12.8 sq mi) of land according to an official land and population survey.[16] 3,091 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 6,499 used for cereals,[17] while 40 dunams (4.0 ha; 9.9 acres) were built-up (urban) land.[18]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Deir Jarir came under Jordanian rule.

In 1961, the population of Deir Jarir was 1,474.[19]

1967-present[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Deir Jarir has been under Israeli occupation. The population of Deir Jerir in the 1967 census conducted by the Israeli authorities was 1,275, 18 of whom originated from the Israeli territory.[20]

15% of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 85% is defined as Area C. Israel has confiscated 1,265 of dunams of village land for the construction of the Israeli settlement of Kokhav HaShahar.[21]

In September 2005, hundreds of armed residents from Deir Jarir attacked the nearby town of Taybeh, which was provoked by a family feud. The feud was caused by a Christian man from Taybeh allegedly having intimate relations with a Muslim woman from Deir Jarir. The attack left 13 houses burnt, and three men were arrested (two from Deir Jarir and one from Taybeh). Despite the incident, the neighboring towns continue to have healthy relations; residents say "the people of Taybeh and the people of Deir Jarir are one family".[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Palmer, 1881, p. 228
  2. ^ a b About Deir Jarir village The Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem. 2008-03-15.
  3. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.113.
  4. ^ Deir Jarir Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 5
  5. ^ a b Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 591
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 113.
  7. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 125
  8. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 44, and Guérin, 1874, p. 208
  9. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 151 NB: It was noted in the Beni Salim District, a probable typo
  10. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 115 found 114 houses
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 291
  12. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 122
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 48
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 111
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 161
  19. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
  20. ^ Perlmann, Joel (November 2011 – February 2012). "The 1967 Census of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: A Digitized Version" (PDF). Levy Economics Institute. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  21. ^ Deir Jarir Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 19
  22. ^ "A frightening family feud". Williamson, Lucy. BBC News. 2005-09-10.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]