Jibiya, Ramallah

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Jibiya, Ramallah
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabicجبيّا
Jibiya, Ramallah is located in the Palestinian territories
Jibiya, Ramallah
Jibiya, Ramallah
Location of Jibiya, Ramallah within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°59′50″N 35°09′40″E / 31.99722°N 35.16111°E / 31.99722; 35.16111Coordinates: 31°59′50″N 35°09′40″E / 31.99722°N 35.16111°E / 31.99722; 35.16111
Palestine grid165/156
GovernorateRamallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • TypeVillage council
Name meaningJibia, from personal name[1]

Jibiya is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate.

Location[edit]

Jibiya is located 11.2 kilometers (7.0 mi) north of Ramallah. It is bordered by Burham to the east, Umm Safa the east, north and west, and Kobar to the west and south.[2]

History[edit]

Pottery sherds from the Hellenistic, Byzantine, and the Umayyad/Abbasid eras have been found here.[3]

It has been suggested that this was Geba in the Onomasticon,[4][5] and the Crusader place called Gebea,[6] but both these identifications have now been discarded.[3]

Pottery sherds from the Mamluk era have also been found here.[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

Pottery sherds from the early Ottoman era have been found here.[3] In the spring of 1697, Henry Maundrell noted two "Arab villages," first "Geeb" and then "Selwid," both on the west side of the road on the way south from Nablus to Jerusalem.[7] Edward Robinson identified these two villages as Jibiya and Silwad.[8]

In 1838 Jibia was noted as a Muslim village the Beni Zaid district, north of Jerusalem.[8][9]

In 1863 Victor Guérin noted it as a small village, with a shrine, dedicated to a Sheikh Baiezed.[10] An official Ottoman village list from about 1870, listed Dschibija as having 12 houses and a population of 39, though the population count included men, only.[11][12]

In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Jibia as "a small village on high ground, with olives below."[4]

In 1896 the population of Dschibja was estimated to be about 84 persons.[13]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jebia had a population of 62 Muslims,[14] increasing slightly in the 1931 census to 63, in 17 houses.[15]

In 1945 statistics, the population was 90, all Muslims,[16] while the total land area was 1,666 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[17] Of this, 100 were plantations and irrigable land, 815 for cereals,[18] while 4 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[19]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Jibiya came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Jibiya has been under Israeli occupation.

After the 1995 accords, 51.4% of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 48.6% is defined as Area C. Israel has confiscated land from Jibiya in order to construct Israeli bypass roads 4 and 566, to Israeli settlements.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.230
  2. ^ Jibiya Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  3. ^ a b c d Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 399
  4. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 290
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, 322
  6. ^ Röhricht, 1887, p.222
  7. ^ Maundrell, 1703, p. 63: March 25, 1697
  8. ^ a b Robinson and Smith,1841, vol 3, pp. 80-81
  9. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, appendix 2, p. 125
  10. ^ Guerin, 1869, p. 37
  11. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 153 It was also noted as part of the Beni Zeid district
  12. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 106 also noted 12 houses
  13. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 124 Schick mistakenly wrote that this place was not in Socin
  14. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  15. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 49.
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
  20. ^ Jibiya Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 15

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]