Ein Qiniya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Ein Qiniyye.
Ein Qiniya
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic عين قينيا
 • Also spelled Ayn Kiniya (official)
Ein Qinya (unofficial)
Ein Qiniya is located in the Palestinian territories
Ein Qiniya
Ein Qiniya
Location of Ein Qiniya within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°55′37″N 35°08′56″E / 31.927°N 35.149°E / 31.927; 35.149Coordinates: 31°55′37″N 35°08′56″E / 31.927°N 35.149°E / 31.927; 35.149
Palestine grid 164/148
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Local Development Committee
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 817
Name meaning The crimson spring[1]

Ein Qiniya or 'Ayn Kiniya (Arabic: عين قينيا‎‎) is a Palestinian village in the northern West Bank, located 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) northwest of Ramallah and is a part of the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate. Ein Qiniya has existed since the Roman-era of rule in Palestine.[2] The village is very small with no public structures or institutions and is governed by a local development committee. Ein Qiniya is regionally notable for being a spring and autumn time picnic resort.[2]

There is an annual walk on March 4 from Ramallah to Ein Qiniyya in celebration of the spring.[3]

History[edit]

A Middle Bronze Age tomb was discovered here in 1934.[4] Potsherds from the Hellenistic and Umayyad/Abbasid period have been found.[4]

Ein Qiniya has traditionally been identified with Ainqune of the Crusader era, one of the fiefs given by King Godfrey to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.[5][6] However, Finkelstein writes that this identification should be reconsidered.[7] Potsherds from the Mamluk era have also been found here.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Ayn Qinya, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Quds of the Liwa of Al-Quds. The population was 32 households, all Muslim. They paid a tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, which included wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, vineyards and fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives; a total of 4760 Akçe.[8][9]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Ain Kanieh as "a village of moderate size on a ridge".[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

Spring, at Ein Qiniya

In 1917, most of the village's inhabitants were evacuated by British Mandate troops for suspicion that residents killed a British officer and relocated to Beitunia and Yalo.[2] In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, 'Ain Qinia had a population of 56, all Muslims.[11] This had increased in the 1931 census to 83, still all Muslims, in a total of 26 houses.[12]

In 1945 the population was 100, all Muslims,[13] while the total land area was 2,494 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[14] Of this, 1,276 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 569 for cereals,[15] while 19 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[16]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Ein Qiniya came under Jordanian rule.

1967 and after[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967 Ein Qiniya has been under Israeli occupation.

In 1982 residents numbered 101, then after a mass migration of other Palestinians to the Ein Qiniya, the population rose to 464 in 1984.[17] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, in 2006 it had a population of 807.[18] In the 2007 PCBS census, there were 817 people living in the village.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 222
  2. ^ a b c Ein Qinya (The Spring of Qinya) - Ramallah Jerusalem Media and Communications Centre.
  3. ^ Events Calendar Jerusalem Post.
  4. ^ a b c Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 337
  5. ^ de Roziére, 1849, p. 100
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 11
  7. ^ Röhricht, 1887, p. 204; Röhricht, 1893, RRH, p. 50, No 200; both cited by Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 337
  8. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 118
  9. ^ Toledano, 1984, p. 289, has 'Ain Qinya located at 35°08′35″E 31°55′35″N
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 295
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 49
  13. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
  17. ^ Welcome to 'Ayn Kiniya
  18. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Ramallah & Al Bireh Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived March 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
  19. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]