ELAM (Cyprus)

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National Popular Front
Εθνικό Λαϊκό Μέτωπο
Abbreviation ELAM
President Christos Christou
Founded 2008
Headquarters Nicosia, Cyprus
Youth wing Youth Front ELAM
Ideology Ultranationalism[1]
Greek nationalism[1]
Greek Cypriot nationalism[1]
Right-wing populism
Euroscepticism[2][3]
Political position Far-right[1]
Colours              Black, Blue, White
House of Representatives
2 / 56
European Parliament
0 / 6
Municipal Councils
7 / 470
Website
www.elamcy.com

ELAM (Ε.ΛΑ.Μ.), the National Popular Front or in alternative the National People's Front (Greek: Εθνικό Λαϊκό Μέτωπο, Ethniko Laiko Metopo), is a nationalist movement (and later, political party) founded in 2008 in the Republic of Cyprus. It describes its ideology as "popular and social nationalism" and promotes Greek nationalism.[4] As of May 2011 it has been approved as a legal political party.[5][6] On December 28, 2010, ELAM organized a march against Turkish Cypriots and migrants.[7] ELAM is a eurosceptic political party.[2][3]

Background[edit]

Prior to the official formation of the National Popular Front, the organization existed under the name "Golden Dawn: Cypriot Kernel".[1] The kernel was established in late 2000,[1][8] and was led by the current ELAM president Christos Christou, who was an active member of the Golden Dawn political party in Greece.[9][10] The kernel attempted to register as a political party with the same name, but the name was rejected by the state's authorities, resulting in the use of the name "National Popular Front" as an alternative.[11]

Electoral results[edit]

President of Cyprus[edit]

President of Cyprus
Election Candidate Round 1 Round 2 Win
#  % #  %
2013 Georgios Charalampous 3,899 0.9 No

House of Representatives[edit]

House of Representatives
Election Votes Seats
#  % Rank # ±
2011 4,354 1.1 7th new
2016 13,041 3.7 8th Increase 2

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Election Votes Seats
#  % Rank # ±
2009 663 0.2 9th new
2014 6,957 2.7 7th Steady 0

Program[edit]

The party's 2011 manifesto proclaims that the party promotes a strict anti-federalist line concerning the Cyprus dispute, a zero-toleration anti-immigration policy concerning illegal immigration, a strict Greek-centered public education to counter the "slavery of globalization"; and an energy policy that would take full advantage of Cyprus' exclusive economic zone.[12]

Violence involving ELAM[edit]

The party has been the subject of controversy in the Cypriot media and the broader political scene. It has been repeatedly accused of promoting racism and being involved in acts of violence. In July 2010 it was reported that after the condemnation ceremonies against the Turkish invasion of 1974 on 20 July, people with ELAM T-shirts attacked a Nigerian man in Makariou street in Nicosia.[13] On 19 March 2011, eyewitnesses reported that members of ELAM beat up a lottery seller in Lidras street in Nicosia after a disagreement in political views.[14] Furthermore, it was reported that eight ELAM members, one of which ranked as a second lieutenant in the Cypriot National Guard, were arrested by the police in connection to an attack against university students during the student elections of the University of Nicosia on 6 December 2011.[15] In addition, local newspaper Haravgi reported that on 11 May 2012, a second lieutenant was found training ELAM members in shooting mortars in a National Guard's shooting ground.[16][17][18] The Ministry of Defense confirmed that an officer had been charged for calling a non-authorized person for shooting in a shooting ground, but specified that it was a rifle shooting. The Ministry made no comment on possible political connections to the incident.[19]

On 26 March 2014, ELAM members attempted to interrupt and stop a reunification conference in Limassol, in which one of the speakers was the Turkish Cypriot politician Mehmet Ali Talat.[20] It was reported that members of ELAM broke through the police lines, broke a window and threw a flare in the conference hall,[20][21] while a Turkish Cypriot journalist was slightly injured.[22] ELAM was protesting against the presence of Mehmet Ali Talat in the conference, calling him a "war criminal".[22]

ELAM has officially opposed its association with the incidents mentioned, stating that no ELAM members have been convicted for the specific crimes that its members have been accused of. It further accused the media and other organisations for intentionally connecting the movement with the incidents, in order to damage its public image.[23][24]

Connections with Golden Dawn[edit]

ELAM has been openly connected with Greek far-right political party Golden Dawn, which it describes as a "brother movement".[5] Members and supporters of ELAM celebrated in the streets after the Greek legislative electoral results of May 2012, which gave Golden Dawn representation in the Greek parliament for the first time.[5][25] The party officially congratulated the leader of Golden Dawn, Nikolaos Michaloliakos, for their electoral success.[26][27] ELAM's anti-occupation march against the ongoing Turkish occupation that was held on 20 July 2012 at Ledra Palace was also attended by Golden Dawn MP Polibios Zisimopoulos, who was invited by ELAM and gave a speech concerning the Greek economic crisis and the Turkish occupation of Cyprus.[28] In late December 2012, ELAM announced its candidate Georgios Charalambous; for the upcoming presidential elections; in the presence of two members of Golden Dawn, Giannis Lagos and Ilias Kasidiaris.[29] It was reported that in the presentation Ilias Kasidiaris stated that "ELAM and Golden Dawn are not simply brother parties" and that "ELAM is the Golden Dawn of Cyprus".[30]

In October 2013 Greek Golden Dawn MPs Elias Kasidiaris and Artemis Matheopoulos stated that ELAM is being financed by Golden Dawn.[31][32]

Literature[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Katsourides, Yiannos (December 2013). "Determinants of extreme right reappearance in Cyprus: The National Popular Front (ELAM), Golden Dawn's sister party". South European Society and Politics, special issue: Protest Elections and Challenger Parties: Italy and Greece in the Economic Crisis. Taylor and Francis. 18 (4): 567–589. doi:10.1080/13608746.2013.798893. 
  2. ^ a b Πισώπλατη μαχαιριά της Ε.Ε στην Κύπρο! Ερντογάν: “Ανοίγει το 17 Κεφάλαιο των ενταξιακών” , ELAM 30-11-2015
  3. ^ a b Η Ε.Ε. καραδοκεί για τον φυσικό μας πλούτο, ELAM 28-01-2016
  4. ^ ELAM's blog
  5. ^ a b c "ELAM seeks to echo Golden Dawn’s success: Will Greek vote boost nationalism in Cyprus?". news.pseka.net. International Coordinating Committee "Justice for Cyprus" (PSEKA). 2012-05-13. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "O Γενικός Εισαγγελέας ξεκαθάρισε τί εστί κόμμα". Sigma Live. 2 May 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  7. ^ Antifascist Initiative, Press release condemning the Hate March at Larnaca, KISA, Retrieved 2011-05-16.
  8. ^ "Danger from Golden Dawn (Κίνδυνος από τη "Χρυσή Αυγή")". Platform of Greek and Turkish Cypriot Teachers, "United Cyprus". 8 November 2003. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "ELAM: The Golden Dawn of Cyprus (ΕΛΑΜ: Η Χρυσή Αυγή της Κύπρου)". tvxs.gr. 8 November 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Cyprus: ELAM, Like Golden Dawn (ΚΥΠΡΟΣ: ΕΛΑΜ ΟΠΩΣ ΧΡΥΣΗ ΑΥΓΗ)". Iskra.gr. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  11. ^ ""We are the Golden Dawn of Cyprus" (Είμαστε η Χρυσή Αυγή της Κύπρου λέει το ΕΛΑΜ (video))". Phileleftheros Newspaper. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  12. ^ Greek: Δελτίο Τύπου - Βουλευτικές εκλογές 2011 ("Press Release - Parliamentary elections 2011"), ELAM's blog, 18 March 2011
  13. ^ "Racism went out in the Streets (Ο ρατσιμός βγήκε στους δρόμους)". Politis Newspaper. 2010-07-22. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  14. ^ ""We are Heating the Egg of the Snake" ("Ζεσταίνουμε το αβγό του φιδιού")". Politis Newspaper. 2011-03-23. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Eight Suspects, All Members of ELAM for the Attack at the University of Nicosia (Οκτώ ύποπτοι όλοι μέλη του ΕΛΑΜ για την επίθεση στο Πανεπιστήμιο Λευκωσίας)". Phileleftheros. 9 December 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Αξιωματικός της Ε.Φ. φέρεται να εκπαίδευε ΕΛΑΜΙΤΕΣ". Sigma Live. 13 May 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Ανθυπίλαρχος εκπαίδευε στα όπλα μέλη του ΕΛΑΜ". iKypros. 13 May 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Ανθυπίλαρχος εκπαίδευε στα όπλα μέλη του ΕΛΑΜ". Εμπροσθοφύλακας. 13 May 2012. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Επιβεβαιώνει τη "Χ" το Υπουργείο Αμυνας". Haravgi. 15 May 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "Far right extremists disrupts reunification event". Cyprus Mail. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  21. ^ "ELAM Members Threw a Lighted Torch at Talat in Limassol (Ελαμίτες έριξαν αναμμένο πυρσό στον Ταλάτ στη Λεμεσό)". Kathimerini. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Επεισόδια σε εκδήλωση με ομιλητή τον Ταλάτ στη Λεμεσό". Sigma Live. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  23. ^ ""ELAM has no Connection With the Attack at the University" ("Το ΕΛΑΜ δεν έχει καμία σχέση με την επίθεση στο Πανεπιστήμιο")". Sigma Live. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  24. ^ "ELAM:"The article of Haravgi is Slanderus" (Ε.ΛΑ.Μ.:" Συκοφαντικό το δημοσίευμα της Χαραυγής")". Sigma Live. 14 May 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "The Cypriot "Golden Dawn" Excuses Kasidiaris (Η κυπριακή "Χρυσή Αυγή" δικαιολογεί τον Κασιδιάρη)". Lifo.gr. 9 June 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  26. ^ "Congratulations of ELAM to Golden Dawn (Συγχαρητήρια Ε.ΛΑ.Μ. προς Χρυσή Αυγή)". Sigma Live. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "Congratulations of ELAM towards Golden Dawn (Συγχαρητήρια Ε.ΛΑ.Μ σε Χρυσή Αυγή)". ANT1. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  28. ^ "Anti-occupation event 20/07/2012 - Speech by the Golden Dawn MP (Αντικατοχική 20/07/2012 - Ομιλία από τον βουλευτή της Χρυσής Αυγής)". National Popular Front. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  29. ^ "ELAM announces its candidate". Cyprus Mail. January 1, 2013. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  30. ^ "ELAM, as Golden Dawn (ΕΛΑΜ όπως Χρυσή Αυγή)". Prin Newspaper. January 6, 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  31. ^ "Revelation: Golden Dawn Finances ELAM! This is what was stated by Kasidiaris and Matheopoulos! (Αποκάλυψη: Η Χρυσή Αυγή χρηματοδοτεί και το ΕΛΑΜ! Αυτό δήλωσαν Κασιδιάρης και Ματθαιόπουλος!)". To Thema Newspaper. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  32. ^ "AKEL: Golden Dawn Financed ELAM (ΑΚΕΛ: Η Χρυσή Αυγή χρηματοδοτούσε το ΕΛΑΜ)". Sofokleous In. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.