Eastern States Agency

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Eastern States Agency
Agency of British India

1933–1948
Location of Eastern States Agency
1907 map of British India including Bengal, Orissa and the Feudatory States.
History
 -  Merger of former Bengal, Chhattisgarh and Orissa agencies 1933
 -  Accession to the Indian Union 1948

The Eastern States Agency was a political office of the Bengal Presidency of the British Indian Empire. It was created by the merger of the former Chhattisgarh States Agency and the Orissa States Agency in 1933, which remained as subagencies. The Bengal States Agency was added in 1936.

History[edit]

Since the 19th century the princely states and the tributary states of Orissa and Chhota Nagpur were not part of Bengal, but British relations with them were managed by its government through the Bengal Presidency.[1]

The Eastern States Agency was created on 1 April 1933. This agency dealt with forty-two princely states in eastern India, located in the present-day Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, and Tripura. Before the creation of the Eastern States Agency in 1933, twenty-three states of the former Orissa Tributary States and Chhota Nagpur States were under the suzerainty of the British provinces of Bihar and Orissa and sixteen were under that of the Central Provinces. Cooch Behar and Tripura were transferred from Bengal Province to the Eastern States Agency on 1 November 1936.[2]

The Agent reported to the Governor General of India and two Political Agents under his supervision were posted at Sambalpur and Raipur.[3]

On 1 December 1944 the status of this agency was raised to that of a first class residency. These states were grouped into three political agencies, under the "Resident" in Calcutta. The headquarters of the Orissa States Agency was at Sambalpur, the headquarters of the Chhattisgarh States Agency was at Raipur and the headquarters of the Bengal States Agency was at Calcutta. After the withdrawal of the British from India in 1947, the states acceded to the new Union of India and later were integrated into the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa.[4] The eastern portion of Madhya Pradesh and the southern portion of Bihar became the states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, respectively, in November 2000.

Link to the Map of Eastern States Agency

Princely states of the Eastern States Agency[edit]

Orissa States Agency[edit]

Chhattisgarh States Agency[edit]

Bengal States Agency[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ Devi, Bandita (1992). Some Aspects of British Administration in Orissa (1912-1936). Delhi: Academic Foundation. p. 213. ISBN 81-7188-072-X. 
  4. ^ Amalgamation of Princely States

Coordinates: 21°22′N 85°15′E / 21.367°N 85.250°E / 21.367; 85.250