Kingdom of Sikkim
|Kingdom of Sikkim|
Jahan Bagcha Teesta Rangeet
where flows Teesta Rangeet
Historical map of Sikkim in northeastern India
|•||1642–1670||Phuntsog Namgyal (first)|
|•||1963–1975||Palden Thondup Namgyal (last)|
|Legislature||State Council of Sikkim|
|•||Treaty of Titalia signed||1817|
|•||Darjeeling gifted to British India||1835|
|•||Palden Thondup Namgyal forced to abdicate||1975|
|•||Merger with India||16 May 1975|
|Today part of||India|
In the mid-18th century, Sikkim was invaded by Nepal (then the Gorkha Kingdom) and was under the Gorkha rule for more than 25 years. Between 1785 and 1815, almost 100,000 ethnic Nepalis from Eastern and Central Nepal migrated to Sikkim and settled down after pledging allegiance to the Chogyal. However, with the arrival of the British in neighboring India, Sikkim allied itself with them as they had a common enemy – Nepal. The infuriated Nepalese attacked Sikkim with vengeance, overrunning most of the region including the Terai. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal in 1814, resulting in the Anglo-Nepalese War. The Sugauli Treaty between Britain and Nepal and the Treaty of Titalia between Sikkim and British India returned territory annexed by the Nepalese to Sikkim in 1817.
Anglo-Indian protectorate and merger with India
Under the 1861 Treaty of Tumlong Sikkim became a British protectorate, then an Indian protectorate in 1950. Sikkim formally merged with India in 1975 after an referendum on the monarchy and it became one of the states of India.
Culture and religion
In culture and religion, Sikkim was linked closely with Tibet, from which its first king migrated, and Bhutan, with which it shares borders. The presence of a large ethnic Nepali population, mainly from the Eastern and Central Nepal, also leads to cultural linkages with Nepal.
List of Chogyals of Sikkim (1642–1975)
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