Kingdom of Sikkim
|Kingdom of Sikkim|
Jahan Bagcha Teesta Rangeet
where flows Teesta Rangeet
Historical map of Sikkim in northeastern India
|•||1642–1670||Phuntsog Namgyal (first)|
|•||1963–1975||Palden Thondup Namgyal (last)|
|Legislature||State Council of Sikkim|
|•||Treaty of Titalia signed||1817|
|•||Darjeeling gifted to British India||1835|
|•||Palden Thondup Namgyal forced to abdicate||1975|
|•||Merger with India||16 May 1975|
|Today part of||India|
In the mid-18th century, Sikkim was invaded by Nepal (then the Gorkha Kingdom) and was under the Gorkha rule for more than 25 years. Between 1785 and 1815, almost 100,000 ethnic Nepalis from Eastern and Central Nepal migrated to Sikkim and settled down after pledging allegiance to the Tibetan immigrant ruler, Chogyal. However, after the creation of India by the British, Sikkim allied itself with them as they had a common enemy – Nepal. The infuriated Nepalese attacked Sikkim with vengeance, overrunning most of the region including the Terai. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal in 1814, resulting in the Anglo-Nepalese War. The Sugauli Treaty between Britain and Nepal and the Treaty of Titalia between Sikkim and British India resulted in Partition of Nepal with Nepal losing Sikkim in 1817.
British and Indian protectorate
Annexation by India
In 1975, allegations of discrimination against Nepali Hindus in Sikkim lead to resentment against the Chogyal. Their instigation led to Indian Army personnel moving in to Gangtok. According to Sunanda K. Datta-Ray of The Statesman the army killed the palace guards and surrounded the palace in April 1975.
Culture and religion
In culture and religion, Sikkim was linked closely with Tibet, from which its first king migrated, and Bhutan, with which it shares borders. The presence of a large ethnic Nepali population, mainly from eastern and central Nepal, also leads to cultural linkages with Nepal.
List of Chogyals of Sikkim (1642–1975)
- "Indian hegemonism drags Himalayan kingdom into oblivion". Nikkei Asian Review. Nikkei. 21 February 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
- Larmer, Brook (March 2008). "Bhutan's Enlightened Experiment". National Geographic. Bhutan. (print version).
- "25 years after SIKKIM". Nepali Times (#35). 23–29 March 2001.
- Sethi, Sunil (18 February 2015). "Treaties: Annexation of Sikkim" (2). India Today. India Today. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
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