Eforie

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Eforie
Eforie Nord - aug 2014 (1).JPG
Coat of arms of Eforie
Coat of arms
Eforie is located in Romania
Eforie
Eforie
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°4′N 28°38′E / 44.067°N 28.633°E / 44.067; 28.633Coordinates: 44°4′N 28°38′E / 44.067°N 28.633°E / 44.067; 28.633
Country Romania
CountyConstanța
Government
 • MayorRobert Șerban (National Liberal Party[1])
Area
7.38 km2 (2.85 sq mi)
Population
 (Oct. 2011)[2]
9,473
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.CT
Websitewww.primariaeforie.ro

Eforie (Romanian pronunciation: [efoˈri.e]; historical names (for Eforie Sud): Băile Movilă, Carmen-Sylva, Vasile Roaită) is a town and a holiday resort on the Black Sea shore, in Constanța County, Romania. It is located about 14 kilometers south of Constanţa. Techirghiol Lake lies nearby.

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1930 872—    
1948 1,503+72.4%
1956 3,286+118.6%
1966 6,617+101.4%
1977 9,507+43.7%
1992 9,316−2.0%
2002 9,294−0.2%
2011 8,621−7.2%
Source: Census data

Eforie Sud, the southern part of the town, was founded by the aristocrat Ion Movilă in 1899, when he erected a hotel named Băile Movilă (Movilă Spa). In 1928, the spa was renamed Carmen-Sylva, after the pen name of Queen Elisabeth of Romania. In 1950, after the establishment of the Communist regime, the name of the city was changed again to Vasile Roaită to honor a railway worker shot dead during the Griviţa Strike of 1933. In 1962, the city was renamed yet again to Eforie Sud.

In 1966, the city of Eforie was created by merging Eforie Sud with the northern resort Eforie Nord. Formally, the city is composed of Eforie Sud, the administrative centre, and Eforie Nord, a dependent village. Many other hotels were built here over the years, most of them during the communist regime.

Beach view

Education[edit]

"Carmen Sylva" High School is the city's only high school (located in Eforie Sud, which also has a general school, while another general school is located in Eforie Nord).

Sports[edit]

Besides many summer sports, as beach football, there is a football club named CS Eforie, playing in Liga III.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rezultate finale în judeţul Constanţa. Iată care sunt noii primari din judeţ!" (in Romanian). Ziua de Constanța. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.