Elections in Algeria

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Algeria

Algeria elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. People's National Assembly (Assemblée Populaire Nationale) has 462 members, elected for a five-year term in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation. Eight seats in the national assembly are reserved for Algerians abroad. The Council of the Nation (Conseil de la nation) has 144 members, 96 members elected by communal councils and 48 members appointed by the president. Algeria has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.   According to a US Embassy cable, the 2009 presidential elections were "carefully choreographed and heavily controlled", with the official turnout figure "exaggerated" by at least 45%.[1]

Until 12 November 2008, presidents were limited to two terms; on this date, amendments to the constitution were passed which removed the term limits. Term limits were later reinstated in the 2016 constitution reform by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

The last legislative election was held in May 2017.

Upcoming elections[edit]

2019 presidential election[edit]

The next presidential election is expected to take place in 2019. It was originally scheduled for 18 April but postponed by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in response to protests against his plan to seek a fifth term in office. Bouteflika resigned and Acting President Abdelkader Bensalah announced that the election had been re-scheduled for 4 July 2019. On 2 June, the Constitutional Council postponed the vote for a third time. A new date has not been set.

Latest elections[edit]

2017 legislative elections[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
National Liberation Front 1,681,321 25.99 164 –44
National Rally for Democracy 964,560 14.91 100 +32
MSPFC 393,632 6.09 33
Rally for Hope for Algeria 270,112 4.18 19 New
Future Front 265,564 4.11 14 +12
Algerian Popular Movement 241,087 3.73 13 +6
EnnahdaFJD 239,148 3.70 15
Workers' Party 191,965 2.97 11 –13
Socialist Forces Front 152,489 2.36 14 –13
National Republican Alliance 121,156 1.87 6 +4
Freedom and Justice Party 88,418 1.37 2
New Dawn 82,993 1.28 1
Dignity Party 81,180 1.26 3
Movement for National Reform 77,290 1.19 1
El Fath 69,063 1.07 1
Rally for Culture and Democracy 65,841 1.02 9 +9
National Front for Social Justice 63,827 0.99 1
Party of Youth 63,682 0.98 2
Movement of National Understanding 51,960 0.80 4
New Algeria Front 49,413 0.76 1
Independante El Wihda 42,757 0.66 3
Ahd 54 42,160 0.65 2 –1
Republican Patriotic Rally 40,645 0.63 2 0
El-Infitah Movement 38,061 0.59 1 1
National Struggle Front 34,695 0.54 2
Union of Democratic and Social Forces 33,372 0.52 1 –2
National Front for Freedom 31,976 0.49 1
Free Democratic Front 28,790 0.45 2
National Party for Solidarity and Development 28,617 0.44 2 –2
Party of Algerian Renewal 24,584 0.38 1 0
National Assembly Union 17,577 0.27 1
El Taouasol 16,334 0.25 1
National Union for Development 15,037 0.23 1
El Hillal 14,582 0.23 1
National Movement of Algerian Workers 14,369 0.22 1
Movement of Free Citizens 14,085 0.22 1 0
Equity and Proclamation Party 13,400 0.21 1
Hope and Work 12,803 0.20 1
Nidaa El Awfiaa 12,224 0.19 1
El Wafa Wa Tawassol 12,170 0.19 1
El Wihda Oua Ettadaoul 10,771 0.17 1
El Wafa 10,561 0.16 1
Voice of the People 9,831 0.15 1
Abnaa Echaab 9,427 0.15 1
El Ouancharisse 9,046 0.14 2
En Nadjah 9,019 0.14 1
El Ichrak 8,901 0.14 1
El Moubadara 8,662 0.13 1
Elamel 8,388 0.13 1
Al Kafaa Wal Masdakia 7,856 0.12 1
Old Ksar 7,149 0.11 1
Sawt Echaab 6,652 0.10 1
Izewran Independent List 6,402 0.10 1
El Amel 6,361 0.10 1
Independent Citizen Alternative List 5,977 0.09 1
El Darrouri 5,675 0.09 1
Forsane Ouargla 5,414 0.08 1
El Badr 5,161 0.08 1
El Noor 4,549 0.07 1
Citizen Initiative 4,309 0.07 1
Algerian National Front 615,130 9.51 0 –9
Other parties 0
Invalid/blank votes 1,757,043
Total 8,225,223 100 462 0
Registered voters/turnout 23,251,503 37.37
Source: Constitutional Council


2014 presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Abdelaziz Bouteflika National Liberation Front 8,332,598 81.53
Ali Benflis Independent 1,244,918 12.18
Abdelaziz Belaid Front for the Future 343,624 3.36
Louisa Hanoune Workers' Party 140,253 1.37
Ali Fawzi Rebaine Ahd 54 101,046 0.99
Moussa Touati Algerian National Front 57,590 0.56
Invalid/blank votes 1,087,449
Total 11,307,478 100
Registered voters/turnout 21,871,393 51.70
Source: Interior Ministry

2012 legislative elections[edit]

2009 presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 9 April 2009 Algerian presidential election results
Candidates and parties votes %
Abdelaziz BouteflikaNational Liberation Front 12,911,705 90.24
Louisa HanouneWorkers' Party 604,258 4.22
Moussa TouatiAlgerian National Front 330,570 2.31
Djahid YounsiMovement for National Reform 176,674 1.37
Ali Fawzi RebaineAhd 54 133,129 0.93
Mohammed SaidParty of Justice and Liberty 132,242 0.92
Invalid votes 1,042,727 7.25
Total (turnout 74.54%) 15,351,305  
Source: presse-dz.com

2007 legislative elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 17 May 2007 People's National Assembly of Algeria election results
Parties President Votes % Seats +/–
National Liberation Front (Jabhat at-Taḥrīr al-Waṭaniyy / Front de Libération Nationale) Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Abdelaziz Belkhadem
Khalida Toumi
1,315,686 22.98 136 –63
National Rally for Democracy (at-Tajammu` al-Waṭaniyy ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyy / Rassemblement National Démocratique) Ahmed Ouyahia 591,310 10.33 61 +14
Independents 562,986 9.83 33 +3
Movement of Society for Peace (Ḥarakat Mujtama` as-Silm / Mouvement de la Societé pour la Paix) Bouguerra Soltani 552,104 9.64 52 +14
Workers' Party (Ḥizb al-`Ummāl / Parti des Travailleurs) Louisa Hanoune 291,312 5.08 26 +5
Algerian National Front (al-Jabhah al-Waṭaniyyah al-Jazā'iriyyah / Front National Algérien) Farida Haddouche 239,563 4.18 13 +5
Islamic Renaissance Movement (Ḥarakat an-Nahḍah / Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique) ????? 194,067 3.39 5 +4
Rally for Culture and Democracy(at-Tajammu` min 'ajl aṯ-Ṯaqāfah wad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah / Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Démocratie) Saïd Sadi 192,490 3.36 19 +19
Movement for National Reform (Mouvement Islah) Abdallah Djaballah 144,880 2.53 3 –40
El-Infitah Movement (Mouvement El Infitah) Naima Farhi 143,936 2.51 3 +3
Movement for Youth and Democracy (Mouvement pour la Jeunesse et la Démocratie) ????? 132,268 2.31 5 +5
Ahd 54 Ali Fawzi Rebaine 129,300 2.26 2 +2
National Republican Alliance (Alliance Nationale Républicaine) Redha Malek 126,444 2.21 4 +4
Movement of National Understanding (Ḥarakat al-Wifāq al-Waṭaniyy / Mouvement de l'Entente Nationale) ????? 122,501 2.14 4 +3
National Party for Solidarity and Development (Parti National pour la Solidarité et le Développement) Dalila Yalaqui 119,353 2.08 2 +2
National Movement for Nature and Democracy (Mouvement National pour la Nature et la Démocratie) ????? 114,767 2.00 7 +7
National Front of Independents for Understanding (Front National des Indépendants pour la Conc....C) ????? 112,321 1.96 3 +3
Party of Algerian Renewal (Ḥizb at-Tajdīd al-Jazā'iriyy / Parti du Rénouveau Algérien) ????? 103,328 1.80 4 +3
Algerian Rally (Rassemblement Algérien) ????? 100,079 1.75 1 +1
National Movement of Hope (Mouvement National d'Esperance) ????? 99,179 1.73 2 +2
Republican Patriotic Rally (Rassemblement Patriotique Républicain) ????? 84,348 1.47 2 +2
Progressive Republican Party (Parti Républicain Progressiste) ????? 81,046 1.42 0 ±0
National Democratic Front (Front National Démocratique) ????? 78,865 1.38 1 +1
Democratic and Social Movement (Mouvement Démocratique et Social) El Hachemi Chérif 51,219 0.89 1 +1
Socialist Workers' Party (Parti Socialiste des Travailleurs) ????? 42,735 0.75 0 ±0
Total (turnout 35.65%) 5,726,087 100.0 389
Algerian Interior Ministry

These elections were marked by a turnout of 35%, the lowest of any Algerian election to date ([2][3]). The former ruling party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), obtained the largest number of seats, with 136. It was followed by its two governing partners, the National Rally for Democracy (RND), with 61, and the Islamist Movement of Society for Peace (MSP), with 52 seats. The latter parties gained seats at the expense of the FLN, which lost 38 seats in comparison with its result in 2002.

The radical leftist Workers' Party (PT) led by Louiza Hannoune obtained 26 seats, becoming the largest force in parliament after the governing coalition; the secularist Berber Rally for Culture and Democracy (RCD) obtained 19 seats, reentering parliament after a boycott in 2002 had left the party without representation there. The other Islamist party, Islah (split, with one wing calling for a boycott of the election), lost heavily, maintaining only 3 seats, versus 43 in the previous parliament. Independents, with 33 seats (3 more than in the previous parliament), and a number of smaller parties shared the rest of the seats.

Several groups, notably the leftist Socialist Forces Front,[4] leading members of the former Islamic Salvation Front (notably Abbassi Madani[5] and Ali Belhadj), and the newly formed organisation Rachad[6] called on their supporters to boycott these elections. The Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb also issued a video calling participation in the elections "a great sin".

2004 presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 8 April 2004 Algerian presidential election results
Candidates - Nominating parties votes %
Abdelaziz Bouteflika - National Rally for Democracy 8,651,723 85.0
Ali Benflis - National Liberation Front 653,951 6.4
Abdallah Djaballah - Movement for National Reform 511,526 5.0
Said Sadi - Rally for Culture and Democracy 197,111 1.9
Louisa Hanoune - Workers' Party 101,630 1.0
Ali Fawzi Rebaine - Ahd 54 63,761 0.6
Total (turnout 58.1 %) 10,179,702 100
Registered voters 18,097,255
Source: IFES

2002 parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 30 May 2002 Algerian People's National Assembly election results
Parties Votes % of Votes Seats
National Liberation Front (Jabhat at-Taḥrīr al-Waṭaniyy / Front de Libération National) 2.618.003 34.3 199
Movement for National Reform (Ḥarakat al-Iṣlāḥ al-Waṭaniyy / Mouvement du Renouveau National) 705.319 9.5 43
National Rally for Democracy (at-Tajammu` al-Waṭaniyy ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyy / Rassemblement National Démocratique) 610.461 8.2 47
Movement for the Society of Peace (Ḥarakat Mujtama` as-Silm / Mouvement de la Société pour la Paix) 523.464 7.0 38
Workers' Party (Ḥizb al-`Ummāl / Parti des Travailleurs) 246.770 3.3 21
Algerian National Front (al-Jabhah al-Waṭaniyyah al-Jazā'iriyyah / Front National Algérien) 113.700 1.6 8
Islamic Renaissance Movement (Ḥarakat an-Nahḍah / Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique) 48.132 0.6 1
Party of Algerian Renewal (Ḥizb at-Tajdīd al-Jazā'iriyy / Parti du Renouveau Algérien) 19.873 0.3 1
Movement of National Understanding (Ḥarakat al-Wifāq al-Waṭaniyy / Mouvement de l'Entente Nationale) 14.465 0.2 1
Non-partisans 365.594 4.9 30
Socialist Forces Front (Jabhat al-Quwā al-Ištirākiyyah / Front des Forces Socialistes)

Rally for Culture and Democracy (at-Tajammu` min 'ajl aṯ-Ṯaqāfah wad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah / Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Démocratie)
Movement for Democracy in Algeria (al-Ḥarakah min 'ajl ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah fī al-Jazā'ir / Mouvement pour la démocratie en Algérie)

boycott
Total (turnout 46.2%)     389

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pearce, David D. (2009-04-13). "Bouteflika reelected in heavily managed contest". WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks cable: 09ALGIERS370. Archived from the original on 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2012-01-11. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/EAD77C49-59FD-420E-B17E-39554B3DB923.htm
  3. ^ http://www.mg.co.za/articlePage.aspx?articleid=308765&area=/breaking_news/breaking_news__africa/ Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-16. Retrieved 2007-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ http://www.magharebia.com/cocoon/awi/xhtml1/en_GB/features/awi/features/2007/05/16/feature-01
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-21. Retrieved 2007-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]