Elections in Gujarat

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Elections in Gujarat are conducted since 1962 to elect the members of Gujarat Vidhan Sabha (Gujarat Legislative Assembly) and for the members of Lok Sabha. There are 182 Vidhan Sabha constituencies and 26 Lok Sabha constituencies.[1]

Vidhan Sabha elections[edit]

The elections for the Gujarat Vidhan Sabha held since 1962.
Main Parties: Indian National Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bharatiya Jan Sangh (precursor of BJP), Janata Party/Dal, Ind Nat Cong (Organization) a.k.a. INC(O) or NCO .

Year Election Winning Party/Coalition Chief Minister
1960 First Assembly Indian National Congress Jivraj Narayan Mehta
1962 Second Assembly Indian National Congress Jivraj Narayan Mehta
1967 Third Assembly Indian National Congress Hitendra K Desai
1972 Fourth Assembly Indian National Congress Ghanshyambhai C. Oza
1975 Fifth Assembly Janata Front
- -(INC(O) + BJS + BLD + SP)
Total: 182; NCO+BJS+KLP alliance: 56+18+12, Congress: 75
Babubhai J. Patel of NCO (June-75 - March-76)
President's rule during Emergency
Madhav Singh Solanki of Congress (Dec 1976 - April - 1977)
Babubhai Patel of Janata Party (April-77 - Feb-80)
1980 Sixth Assembly Indian National Congress Madhav Singh Solanki (INC: 141/182, Janata: 21, BJP: 9)
1985 Seventh Assembly Indian National Congress Madhav Singh Solanki (Feb-July 1985) (INC: 149/182, Janata: 14, BJP: 11)
Amarsinh Chaudhary (July 1985 - Dec 1989)
Madhav Singh Solanki (Dec 1989 - March 1990)
1990 Eighth Assembly Janata Dal (Gujarat) (Janata Party: 70/182, BJP:67, INC: 33)
Chimanbhai Patel of JP
- -(Coalition with BJP, March-Oct 1990)
- -(Coalition with Congress up to 1992)
- -(Defected to Congress in 1992)
Congress's Chhabildas Mehta (Feb 1994 - 1995)
1995 Ninth Assembly Bharatiya Janata Party Keshubhai Patel (March-Oct 1995) (BJP: 121/182, INC: 45)
Suresh Mehta (BJP, Oct 1995 - Sept 1996)
(Rebel Rashtriya Janata Party Govt) Shankarsingh Vaghela (Oct 1996 - Oct 1997)
Dilip Parikh of RJP (Oct 1997 - March 1998, Congress + BJP Rebels)
1998 Tenth Assembly Bharatiya Janata Party Keshubhai Patel (March 1998 - Oct 2001) (BJP: 117, Cong: 53)
Narendra Modi (Oct 2001 - Dec 2002)
2002 Eleventh Assembly Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi (BJP: 127, INC: 51)
2007 Twelfth Assembly Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi (BJP - 117/182; Congress - 59)
2012 Thirteenth Assembly Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi (Dec 2012 - May 2014) (BJP - 115/182; Congress - 61)
Anandiben Patel (May 2014 - Aug 2016)

Vijay Rupani (Aug 2016 - incumbent)

Lok Sabha elections[edit]

The elections for the Lok Sabha seats in Gujarat held since 1962.

Year Lok Sabha Election Party-wise strength
1962 Third Lok Sabha Total: 22. Congress: 16, Swatantra Party: 4.
1967 Fourth Lok Sabha Total: 24. Swatantra Party: 12, Congress: 11, Independent: 1
1971 Fifth Lok Sabha Total: 24. Congress: 11, Cong (Org, of Morarji Desai & Co): 11, Swatantra Party: 2
1977 Sixth Lok Sabha Janata Party a.k.a. Bharatiya Lok Dal - 20 out of 26 seats, Congress - 6
1980 Seventh Lok Sabha Indian National Congress (Indira); Indira Congress - 25/26, Janata Party - 1
1984 Eighth Lok Sabha Indian National Congress; INC-25/26; BJP - 1
1989 Ninth Lok Sabha Janata Dal + BJP alliance: 13 + 10; Congress: 3 out of 26.
1991 Tenth Lok Sabha Bharatiya Janata Party; BJP - 20/26, Congress - 5
1996 Eleventh Lok Sabha Bharatiya Janata Party; BJP - 16, INC - 10
1998 Twelfth Lok Sabha Bharatiya Janata Party; BJP - 19, Congress - 7
1999 Thirteenth Lok Sabha National Democratic Alliance NDA/BJP - 20/26 seats, Congress-6
2004 Fourteenth Lok Sabha National Democratic Alliance (BJP); NDA - 14/26 seats, Congress-12
2009 Fifteenth Lok Sabha National Democratic Alliance (BJP); NDA - 15/26 seats, Congress-11
2014 Sixteenth Lok Sabha National Democratic Alliance (BJP) - Won all 26 seats


Gujarat local body Elections 2015[edit]

  • With more than half its population of 63.8 million went to the polls on November 22 and 29, the elections to 323 local self-government bodies in Gujarat.
  • The six municipal corporations registered only 45 % voter turn-out, but elsewhere it was over 60 %.[2]
  • The BJP won all the six municipal corporations but not before ceding a lot of seats to the Congress in cities like Rajkot, Jamnagar and Bhavnagar
  • The BJP bagged the 72-member Rajkot corporation, it managed only 38 seats as against 34 of the Congress. In 2010, the BJP had won 49 and the Congress got 10 in the then house of 59.
  • In the small towns, the BJP won 40 of the 56 municipalities and the Congress 8. The Congress had 10 municipalities out of a total of 53 last time.

In the villages it was a total role reversal, with Congress winning 21 of the 31 district panchayats compared to the 2 it held last time. The BJP which held 24 seats in 2010 was reduced to a mere 6.-The Congress made deep inroads into the Patidar pockets in Saurashtra, north and south Gujarat -- including at Morbi, Jamnagar, Amreli and Mehsana, which are traditionally BJP strongholds. Of the 230 taluka panchayats, the Congress grabbed 133 while the BJP’s tally fell from 162 to 72. Out of a total of 4778 seats, the Congress won 2509, while BJP bagged 1981. [3] / [4]

  • The comparative results of BJP and Congress in 2015 & 2010 polls ( Congress has performed better than in 2010 . The remaining seats & Bodies are won by "Others". (www.dnaindia.com/india)
2015 results Total No Won by BJP Won by Cong
Local bodies 2010 in Brackets 2010 in Brackets 2010 in Brackets
City corporations 6 6 (6) 0 (0)
Total seats 558 271 (443) 124 (100)
Zilla parishat 31 (24) 8 (22) 23 (2)
Total seats 988 (804) 292 (547) 472 (244)
Municipalities 55 (66) 41 (51) 12 (9)
Total seats 2088 (1824) 984 (1194) 587 (392)
Taluk Pachayats 230(208 ) 77 ( ? ) 151 ( ? )
Total seats 4778 (4048) 1718 (2460) 2102 (1428)

References[edit]

External links[edit]