|Nickname(s): City of Science, City of Civilization, The Green City|
|• Mayor||Seyyed Mehdi Makki|
|Elevation||860 m (2,820 ft)|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||IRDT (UTC+4:30)|
Kazeroon (Persian: كازرون, also Romanized as Kāzerūn, Kāzeroūn, and Kazeroon; also known as Kasrun) is a city in and the capital of Kazeroon County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 84,594, in 20,810 families. Its agricultural products include date palms, citrus orchards, wheat, tobacco, rice, cotton, and vines.
The nearby ruins of the ancient city of Bishapur 12 mi (19 km) N., include bas-relief depictions from the Sasanid era (ca. 224–651). A statue of Shapur I (AD 241–272) can be found in a large cave at the site. The ruins of the Qaleh-ye Gabri (Castle of the Gabrs, or Zoroastrians) are located on a mound SE of Kazeroon.
Mohsen Pezeshkian and Nasrollah Mardani, famous contemporary Persian poets, are from Kazeroon. It is also believed that Salman the Persian, one of the followers of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, comes from this city. "Welcome to Salman the Persian" can be seen at the entrance of the city. Haj Sadrallah Zamanian was one of the pillar of the community for many years. The town is also the scene of a famous battle in the novel My Uncle Napoleon.
Kazeroon is a city of Science. Qotb al-Din Kazerooni, Allame Jalaladdin Davani, Allame Ali Davani, Sheykh Abueshaq Kazerooni, Sadid al-Din al-Kazarooni, Behjat ololama, Sheykh Amin addin baliani, Mirza Saleh Kazerooni, Haj Moein Al Tojar Kazeruooi, Vakil al Tojar Kazerooni, Mohammad Taghi Mokhtari,and Naser divan Kazerooni are from Kazeroon. The mothers of Hafez and Saadi were also from Kazeroon. Haj Moein al tojar Kazerooni was one of the pillars of the city and was very famous for his good deeds. Ayatallah Mokhtarian was from Kazeroon and was buried there. Firouz Naderi, (the Associate Director of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), responsible for Project Formulation and Strategy), was born in Kazeroon. Dr. Abdolreza Hajipoor, one of the renowned Iranian chemists is from Kazeroon. Dr. Abdulrasool Jamshidi, a noted scientist in the US was born in Kazeroon. Shahram Zamanian is another noted scientist in the field of engineering from Kazeroon, living in the US. Reza Malekzadeh, one of the best medical scientists and gastroenterologists who is well known in Iran is from Kazeroon.
Mohsen Pezeshkian (1948–1979) was a Persian poet, anthropologist, actor, designer, cartoonist, sculptor, calligrapher, painter and political prisoner. He was born on Tuesday, January 26, 1948 in Kazeroon. He received his early education in Kazeroon, Bushehr and Tehran. Then he was graduated in the major of Persian literature from Tehran University. Pezeshkian's poems are among the best and most admirable works of the Iranian Revolution era in terms of literary richness, skilled use of the fundamentals of both ancient and modern Persian poetry and poetic experiences diversity. His mastery on the ancient forms like sonnets and quatrains are admirable. In March 1974 he exhibited his paintings at the Literature Faculty of Tehran University's exhibit hall. He has staged some political plays at the Tehran University with the help of Faramarz Talebi. He spent about a year in Evin and Ghezelhesar prisons because of his political and social activities. He died in 1979 in a car accident.
Places of interest
The historic city Bishapur is near Kazeroon. This city was a capital of the Sasanian Empire.
Barm Plain is biggest Plain of Oak in Iran, Davan, Sarmashhad and Kaskan are three villages in Kazeroon. The old name of Kazeroon was "Green City".
Ashora and tasoa carnival
This carnival has been one of the most celebrated and unique carnivals in Iran. The date of this carnival is in the ninth and tenth of Moharam Month. In these two days people go out and show the killing of Hussein, son of Ali. The theater starts from morning til noon. Almost all people in the city walk on the street together. They morn for this historical event.
- Kazerun can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3070132" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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