Kazerun

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Kazeroon
کازرون
City
Shapur Cave in North of Kazerun
Shapur Cave in North of Kazerun
Nickname(s): 
City of Science, City of Civilization, The Green City
Kazeroon is located in Iran
Kazeroon
Kazeroon
Coordinates: 29°37′10″N 51°39′15″E / 29.61944°N 51.65417°E / 29.61944; 51.65417Coordinates: 29°37′10″N 51°39′15″E / 29.61944°N 51.65417°E / 29.61944; 51.65417
Country Iran
ProvinceFars
CountyKazeroon
BakhshCentral
Government
 • MayorMohammad Amin Mehrvarz
Elevation
860 m (2,820 ft)
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total96,683 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Area code(s)071

Kazeroon (Persian: کازرون‎, also Romanized as Kāzerūn,[2] Kāzeroūn, and Kazeroon; also known as Kasrun)[3] is a city and capital of Kazeroon County, Fars Province,[2] Iran. In 2016, as the fifth big city in the province, its population was 96,683.[4] Its agricultural products include date palms, citrus orchards, wheat, tobacco, rice, cotton, and vines.

The nearby ruins of the ancient city of Bishapur 12 mi (19 km) N., include bas-relief depictions from the Sasanid era[2] (ca. 224–651). A statue of Shapur I (AD 241–272) can be found in a large cave at the site. The ruins of the Qaleh-ye Gabri (Castle of the Gabrs, or Zoroastrians) are located on a mound SE of Kazeroon.[2]

Climate[edit]

Kazerun has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSh).

Climate data for Kazerun
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
15.4
(59.7)
17.1
(62.8)
19.4
(66.9)
26.0
(78.8)
33.0
(91.4)
39.3
(102.7)
41.3
(106.3)
40.0
(104.0)
35.7
(96.3)
30.4
(86.7)
24.5
(76.1)
28.1
(82.5)
Average low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
4.5
(40.1)
4.9
(40.8)
7.2
(45.0)
12.4
(54.3)
18.7
(65.7)
26.0
(78.8)
27.4
(81.3)
24.9
(76.8)
20.9
(69.6)
17.1
(62.8)
13.5
(56.3)
15.1
(59.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 53
(2.1)
62
(2.4)
45
(1.8)
6
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
12
(0.5)
28
(1.1)
50
(2.0)
257
(10.1)
Source: Climate-data.org

Notable people[edit]

Nasrollah Mardani, a famous contemporary Persian poet, is from Kazeroon. It is also believed that Salman the Persian, one of the followers of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, comes from this city.[5] Haj Sadrallah Zamanian was one of the pillar of the community for many years. The town is also the scene of a famous battle in the novel My Uncle Napoleon.

Kazeroon is a city of Science. Qotb al-Din Kazerooni, Allame Jalaladdin Davani, Allame Ali Davani are from Kazeroon. The mothers of Hafez and Saadi were also from Kazeroon. Firouz Naderi, (the Associate Director of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), responsible for Project Formulation and Strategy), was born in Kazeroon. Reza Malekzadeh, a medical scientist and gastroenterologist who is well known in Iran is from Kazeroon.

Places of interest[edit]

Shapur statue
  • Parishan Lake, which is near Kazeroon.[6]
  • Shapur River
  • Shapur statue (the largest statue of ancient Iran), which is near Bishapur.
  • National park Dašt-e Aržan, a vast green meadow on Kazerun–Shiraz highway. [7]

History[edit]

The historic city Bishapur is near Kazeroon. This city was a capital of the Sasanian Empire.

In June 1824, a heavy earthquake occurred in Kazerun and Shiraz that killed a few thousand people.[8]

Since 16 April 2018, as part of the 2017–18 Iranian protests, the city has experienced anti-government protests, with the proximate local cause being a plan by Kazerun lawmaker Hossein Rezazadeh to turn parts of the city's northern outlying districts of Nowdan and Qaemiyeh into a new city named Kuh-e-Chinar. On 18 May 2018, five people were killed after security forces opened fire on demonstrators.[9]

Recreational places[edit]

Barm Plain is biggest Plain of Oak in Iran, Davan, Sarmashhad and Kaskan are three villages in Kazeroon. The old name of Kazeroon was "Green City".[citation needed]

Ashura and Tasua re-enactment[edit]

This re-enactment has been one of the most celebrated and unique reenactments in Iran. The date of this re-enactment is in the ninth and tenth of the month Moharram. In these two days, people go out and re-enact the Battle of Karbala. The theater starts from morning until noon. Almost all people in the city walk on the street together. They mourn for this historical event.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ a b c d Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kāzerūn" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 704.
  3. ^ Kazerun can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3070132" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1395 (2016)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran.
  5. ^ Houtsma & Wensinck (1993). First Encyclopaedia of Islam: 1913-1936. Brill Academic Pub. p. 116. ISBN 978-9004097964.
  6. ^ FARS Geography and History
  7. ^ J. Calmard, KAZERUN i. Geography, Encyclopaedia Iranica, 2013. [1]. Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  8. ^ Fasāʹī, Ḥasan ibn Ḥasan (1972). History of Persia under Qajar rule. Internet Archive. New York, Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-03197-4.
  9. ^ https://www.voanews.com/a/activists-allege-killings-by-iran-police-in-protest-crackdown/4399368.html