Everton, Bedfordshire

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Everton
Everton cum Tetworth.JPG
The village sign for Everton-cum-Tetworth
Everton is located in Bedfordshire
Everton
Everton
Location within Bedfordshire
Population523 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTL201512
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSANDY
Postcode districtSG19
Dialling code01767
PoliceBedfordshire
FireBedfordshire and Luton
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°08′46″N 0°14′46″W / 52.14604°N 0.24624°W / 52.14604; -0.24624Coordinates: 52°08′46″N 0°14′46″W / 52.14604°N 0.24624°W / 52.14604; -0.24624

Everton is a small rural village of about 200 dwellings (including outlying) and civil parish in the Central Bedfordshire district of Bedfordshire, England about 9 miles (14 km) east of the county town of Bedford.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Everton is 2 miles (3 km) north-east of Sandy, 16 miles (26 km) west of Cambridge and 43.5 miles (70 km) north of Central London.

Parish area and boundaries

The civil parish covers an area of 1,087 hectares (2,686 acres) and is boot-shaped. The White Way, a former Roman road forms part of the parish's north-western boundary. The north and north-eastern boundary is with Cambridgeshire.[4]

Landscape

Natural England has categorised the landscape into National Character Areas. The village and higher land of the parish lie within the Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge. The eastern lower lying area is part of the Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire Claylands.[5] Central Bedfordshire Council further divides the landscape into more local areas. The west of the parish forms part of the predominantly flat, Biggin Wood Clay Vale. Mixed roadside hedgerows are a feature with grass verges and roadside trees of ash, field maple and oak. The occasional solitary farm dots the landscape. The surrounding area is mostly arable farmland.[6] The village and higher ground are part of the Everton Heath Greensand Ridge, which has a fairly steep northwest facing slope backed by an area of undulating land forming the ridge top. Woodbury Park just to the north of the village is grassland and woodland. White Wood is an ancient woodland of about 60 acres (24 ha). Most of the trees are pine but the lime trees are about 200 years old and some of the oaks date back 300 years.[7]

Elevation

The village centre at 67 metres (220 ft) above sea level overlooks lower lying land to the west that falls to 19 metres (62 ft). Tempsford Road has a 14% gradient. The highest point is 80 metres (262 ft) at White Wood to the northeast of the village.[8]

Geology and soil type

The village itself lies on Lower Greensand whilst the western area of the parish is on Oxford Clay overlying Kellaways beds. The two areas are separated by a narrow band of Corallian limestone.[9] Around the village the soil is freely draining, slightly acid and sandy with low fertility. The western lower lying area has highly fertile, lime-rich loamy and clayey soils with impeded drainage.[10]

The night sky and light pollution

Light pollution is the level of radiance (night lights) shining up into the night sky. The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) divides the level of night sky brightness into 9 bands with band 1 being the darkest i.e. with the lowest level of light pollution and band 9 the brightest and most polluted. Everton is in band 4.[11][12]

The built environment

Thatched cottage, Sandy Road

The earliest houses are thatched cottages dating from the 18th century. Most houses are 20th century including some council built houses along Potton and Sandy Roads.

The East Coast Main Line railway passes through the western part of the parish.

Public footpaths

A public footpath runs west then north to Tempsford Station Road. A stretch of the Greensand Ridge Walk runs right through the village; north-east to its start/finish near Tetworth and south-west to Sandy and beyond.

History[edit]

The name Everton comes from Old English and means farmstead where wild boars are seen.[13]

Population growth in Everton since 1801
YearPop.±%
1801141—    
1841233+65.2%
1881216−7.3%
1921231+6.9%
1961215−6.9%
2001525+144.2%
[14]
Source: BEDFORDSHIRE POPULATION FIGURES 1801 – 2011

St Mary's Church is substantially 12th century although the tower, nave clerestory and south porch are 15th century. It is built of coursed ironstone and cobblestones with ashlar dressings. In 1974, the tower was damaged by lightning and reduced to two stages from three. Corner pinnacles topped with weather vanes were added.[15][16]

Everton was enclosed by Act of Parliament in 1802.[17]

The village is close to the WWII airfield RAF Tempsford.

Governance[edit]

Everton Parish Council has seven elected members and meets bi-monthly at the village hall. Everton is part of Potton ward for elections to the Central Bedfordshire Unitary Authority.

Prior to 1894, Everton was administered as part of the Hundred of Biggleswade. From 1894 until 1974 the village was in Biggleswade Rural District and from 1974 to 2009 in Mid Bedfordshire District.

Community[edit]

Everton no longer has a shop (it having closed c. 1995) but is home to a pub, local church, and a primary school. There is a large recreation ground which contains both full-sized and five-a-side football pitches, a basketball net, and a fenced-in children's play area.

Licensing records for the Thornton Arms public house go back to 1822.[18]

Public services[edit]

Everton is in the Potton Public Water Supply Zone (RW50). The water supplied by Anglian Water comes from groundwater boreholes and is chloraminated and classed as hard.[19]

The Eastern Power Area of UK Power Networks is the distribution network operator for electricity.[20] Cadent Gas owns and operates the area's gas distribution network.[21][22]

The two nearest general hospitals are Bedford (Bedford Hospital NHS Trust) and Lister Hospital, Stevenage (East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust). Ambulance services are provided by the East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust. Bedfordshire Fire and Rescue Service and Bedfordshire Police cover the parish.

There nearest public library is Potton.

Public transport[edit]

Centrebus (South) runs bus route no. 190 south to Gamlingay, Potton, Biggleswade and Hitchin (journey time 1 hour 18 minutes) and west to Sandy. The service is normally two hourly, daytime only, Monday to Saturday. The Ivel Sprinter buses run a weekly service to St Neots (Thursdays) and Cambridge (Wednesdays).[23]

The nearest railway station is Sandy.

Woodbury Park[edit]

To the north of Everton, off Everton Road, is Woodbury Park, originally part of the Gamlingay parish but now part of Bedfordshire. The grounds of Woodbury Hall were laid out by Nathaniel Richmond in the 1760s for the landowner, the Earl of Macclesfield who had married Woodbury heiress Mary Lane.

From the 1860s, it was owned by the Astell family of Everton House. Woodbury Hall is now owned by the Countess of Erroll. an Astell heiress.[24] In World War II the house was requisitioned for military use.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 153 Bedford & Huntingdon (St Neots & Biggleswade) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2013. ISBN 9780319231722.
  3. ^ "Ordnance Survey: 1:50,000 Scale Gazetteer" (csv (download)). www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  4. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Everton Parish (E04011947)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  5. ^ "National Character Areas". Natural England. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  6. ^ "5F Biggin Wood Clay Vale" (PDF). Central Bedfordshire. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  7. ^ "6C Everton Heath Greensand Ridge" (PDF). Central Bedfordshire.
  8. ^ "Tempsford: elevation". Route Calculator. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  9. ^ "Sheet 204. Geological Survey of England & Wales". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  10. ^ "Soilscapes Viewer". LandIS - Land Information System. Cranfield University. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Night Blight 2016: Mapping England's Light Pollution and Dark Skies". Campaign to Protect Rural England. CPRE. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Map". nightblight. Campaign for the Protection of Rural England. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  13. ^ Mills, A.D. (2011) [first published 1991]. A Dictionary of British Place Names (First edition revised 2011 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 179. ISBN 9780199609086.
  14. ^ "BEDFORDSHIRE POPULATION FIGURES 1801 – 2011" (PDF). Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service Archives. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  15. ^ "Everton Church Alterations and Additions". Bedfordshire Archives & Record Service. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  16. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (Grade I) (1114064)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Acts of the Parliaments of United Kingdom 1802". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  18. ^ "The Thornton Arms Public House". Bedfordshire Archives & Record Service. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  19. ^ "Drinking Water Quality Information". Anglian Water. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  20. ^ "Check if you're in our area". UK Power Networks. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Map: who operates the gas distribution network?". ofgem. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  22. ^ "The non-gas map". The non-gas map. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  23. ^ "Everton, Cent Beds". Bus Times. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  24. ^ "Astell of Everton House and Woodbury Hall". Landed Families.
  25. ^ "Woodbury Hall". Everton-cum-Tetworth’s History Page.

External links[edit]

Media related to Everton, Bedfordshire at Wikimedia Commons