Glenn Close

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Glenn Close
Glenn Close 2012 1.jpg
Close at the Albert Nobbs premiere in 2012
Born (1947-03-19) March 19, 1947 (age 69)
Greenwich, Connecticut, U.S.
Residence Bedford Hills, New York, U.S.
Alma mater College of William & Mary
Occupation Actress, producer
Years active 1974–present
Spouse(s) Cabot Wade
(1969–71)
James Marlas
(m. 1984–87)
David Shaw
(m. 2006; div. 2015)
Partner(s) John Starke (1987–91)
Children 1 (with Starke)
Parent(s) William Close
Bettine Moore Close
Signature
Glenn Close-signature.jpg

Glenn Close (born March 19, 1947)[1] is an American actress. Throughout her long and varied career, she has been consistently acclaimed for her versatility and is widely regarded as one of the finest actresses of her generation.[2] She has won three Emmy Awards, three Tony Awards and received six Academy Award nominations.

Close began her professional stage career in 1974 in Love for Love, and was mostly a New York stage actress through the rest of the 1970s and early 1980s, appearing in both plays and musicals, including the Broadway productions of Barnum in 1980 and The Real Thing in 1983, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play. Her first film role was in The World According to Garp (1982), which she followed up with supporting roles in The Big Chill (1983), and The Natural (1984); all three earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She would later receive nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performances in Fatal Attraction (1987), Dangerous Liaisons (1988), and Albert Nobbs (2011). In the 1990s, she won two more Tony Awards, for Death and the Maiden in 1992 and Sunset Boulevard in 1995, while she won her first Emmy Award for the 1995 TV film Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story.

She starred as Eleanor of Aquitaine in the 2003 TV film The Lion in Winter, winning a Golden Globe Award. In 2005, she starred in the drama series The Shield. Then from 2007 to 2012, she starred as Patty Hewes in the FX drama series Damages, a role that won her a Golden Globe and two Emmys. She has voiced the character of Mona Simpson in the animated sitcom The Simpsons since 1995. She returned to Broadway in November 2014, in a revival of Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance.[3] Her other films include Jagged Edge (1985), Hamlet (1990), Reversal of Fortune (1990), 101 Dalmatians (1996), Paradise Road (1997), Air Force One (1997), Cookie's Fortune (1999), Nine Lives (2005) and Guardians of the Galaxy (2014).

Close is a six-time Academy Award nominee, tying the record for being the actress with the most nominations never to have won (along with Deborah Kerr and Thelma Ritter). As of 2016, Close is the only living actor with the most Oscar nominations without a win.[4] In addition, she has been nominated for four Tonys (three wins), fourteen Emmys (three wins), thirteen Golden Globes (two wins), two Drama Desk Awards (one win) and eight Screen Actors Guild Awards (one win). She has also won an Obie award and has been nominated for three Grammy Awards and a BAFTA.

Early life and family[edit]

Close was born and raised in Greenwich, Connecticut on March 19, 1947, the daughter of William Taliaferro Close,[1] a doctor who operated a clinic in the Belgian Congo and served as a personal physician to Mobutu Sese Seko,[5] and socialite Bettine Moore Close. She has two sisters, Tina and Jessie, and two brothers, Alexander (nicknamed Sandy) and Tambu Misoki, whom Close's parents adopted while living in Africa.[6]

Her father was a descendant of the Taliaferros of Virginia; her paternal grandfather, Edward Bennett Close, a stockbroker and director of the American Hospital Association,[7] was first married to Post Cereals' heiress Marjorie Merriweather Post. Close is also a second cousin once-removed of actress Brooke Shields (Shields's great-grandmother Mary Elsie Moore was a sister of Close's maternal grandfather, Charles Arthur Moore, Jr.).[8]

During her childhood, Close lived with her parents in a stone cottage on her maternal grandfather's estate in Greenwich. Close has credited her acting abilities to her early years: "I have no doubt that the days I spent running free in the evocative Connecticut countryside with an unfettered imagination, playing whatever character our games demanded, is one of the reasons that acting has always seemed so natural to me."[9] When she was seven years old, her parents joined a "cult group," the Moral Re-Armament (MRA), in which her family remained involved for fifteen years, living in communal centers. Close has stated that the family "struggled to survive the pressures of a culture that dictated everything about how we lived our lives." She spent time in Switzerland when studying at St. George's School in Switzerland. Close traveled for several years in the mid-to-late 1960s with an MRA singing group called Up With People, and attended Rosemary Hall (now Choate Rosemary Hall), graduating in 1965.[10] Although Close came from an affluent background, she stated that her family chose not to participate in their WASP-like society. She would also avoid mentioning her birth place whenever asked because she did not want people to think she was a "dilettante who didn't have to work."[11]

When she was 22, Close broke away from MRA,[12] attending the College of William & Mary, and double majoring in theatre and anthropology. It was in the College's theatre department that she began to train as a serious actor, under Howard Scammon, W&M's long-time professor of theatre. During her years at school in Williamsburg, she also starred in the summer-time outdoor drama, "The Common Glory," written by Pulitzer Prize author Paul Green.[13] She was elected to membership in the honor society of Phi Beta Kappa.[14] Through the years, Close has returned to W&M to lecture and visit the theatre department. In 1989, Close was the commencement speaker at W&M and received an honorary doctor of arts degree.

Film[edit]

Professional debut (1974–79)[edit]

Glenn Close started her professional stage career in 1974 at at the age of 27 and her film work in 1982 at 35.[14] During her senior year of college, Close became inspired to pursue a career in acting after watching an interview of Katharine Hepburn on the The Dick Cavett Show.[14] The following day she called her school's theater department to be nominated for a series of auditions through the University Resident Theatre Association and TCG. Eventually she was given a callback and hired for one season to do three plays at the Helen Hayes Theatre, one of those plays being Love for Love directed by Hal Prince.[15] She continued to appear in many Broadway and Off-Broadways in the 1970s and early 1980s. Close made her television debut in 1975; it was a small role in the anthology series Great Performances. In 1979, she filmed the television movie Orphan Train and Too Far to Go. The latter film, included Blythe Danner and Michael Moriarty in the cast, Close played Moriarty's lover. In 1980, director George Roy Hill discovered Close on Broadway and asked her to audition with Robin Williams for a role in The World According to Garp, which would become her first film role.[16]

Breakthrough in Hollywood (1982–89)[edit]

The 1980's proved to be Close's most successful decade in Hollywood. She made her debut film performance in The World According to Garp which earned Close her first Oscar nomination. She played Robin Williams’ mother, despite being just four years older than him. The following year she played Sarah Cooper in The Big Chill, director Lawrence Kasdan, said he specifically wrote that character for her.[17] The movie received positive reviews and was a financial success. Close became the third actor to receive a Tony, Emmy, and Oscar (Academy Award) nomination all in the same calendar year after the release of The Big Chill.[18] In 1984, Close was given a part in Robert Redford's baseball drama The Natural, although it was a small supporting role she earned a third consecutive Oscar nomination. Close, to this day, credits her nomination to cinematographer Caleb Deschanel, stating ''That hat was designed so the sunlight would come through. We waited for a certain time of day, so the sun was shining through the back of the stadium. And he had a lens that muted the people around me. It was an incredibly well thought-out shot. And I honestly think that's the reason I got nominated.''[19]

Eventually, Close began to seek different roles to play because she did not want to be typecast as a motherly figure.[20] She starred in the 1985 romantic comedy Maxie, alongside Mandy Patinkin. Close was given favorable reviews but the movie was critically panned.[21][22] In 1985, Close starred in the legal thriller Jagged Edge, opposite Jeff Bridges. Initially, Jane Fonda was attached to the role, but was replaced with Close when she requested changes in the script. Producer Martin Ransohoff was against the casting of Close because he said she was "too ugly" for the part. Close eventually heard about this and said she didn't want Ransohoff on set while she was making her scenes. Director Richard Marquand stood by her side and sent Ransohoff away. Infuriated, Ransohoff went to the studio heads trying to get Close and Marquand fired from the picture. The studio denied the action stating they were pleased with their work in the film.[23] Jagged Edge received favorable to positive reviews and grossed $40-million on a $15-million budget.[24]

In 1987 Close played the disturbed book editor Alex Forrest in Fatal Attraction, this was the role that propelled Close into stardom. The movie became a box-office success and the highest-grossing film worldwide of that year. The character of Alex Forrest has been considered one of Close's most iconic roles, the word "bunny boiler" has even been added to the dictionary, referencing a scene from the movie. During the re-shoot of the ending, Close suffered a concussion from one of the takes when her head smashed against a mirror. After being rushed to the hospital, she discovered, much to her horror, that she was actually a few weeks pregnant with her daughter. To this day, Close said watching the ending makes her uncomfortable because of how much she unknowingly put her unborn daughter at risk.[25] Close stated in an interview that, "Fatal Attraction was really the first part that took me away from the Jenny Fields, Sarah Coopers—good, nurturing women roles. I did more preparation for that film than I’ve ever done."[20] In 1988 she played the scheming aristocrat The Marquise de Merteuil in Dangerous Liaisons.[14] Close earned stellar reviews for her performance and was nominated for an Oscar for Best Actress.[26] In addition, she received her first BAFTA nomination but did not win. Close's final film role of the decade was Immediate Family (1989), a drama about a married couple seeking to adopt a child. Producer Lawrence Kasdan had Close star in the film, as he directed her previously in The Big Chill.

Established actress (1990–99)[edit]

Close as Cruella de Vil in 101 Dalmatians, 1996

In 1990, Close went on to play the role of Sunny von Bülow opposite Jeremy Irons in Reversal of Fortune to critical acclaim. The film drew some controversy since it dealt with the Claus von Bülow murder trial, while the real Sunny von Bülow was still in a vegetative state. Sunny's children also publicly criticized the movie.[27][28] In the same year, Close played Gertrude in Franco Zeffirelli's film adaption of Hamlet. It was the first Shakespeare role that Close had ever attempted on screen (she appeared in 1975 in a stage production of "King Lear", in Milwaukee. Close would later go on to join the cast of The House of the Spirits, reuniting her with Jeremy Irons. She also had a cameo appearance in Steven Spielberg's Hook (1991) as a pirate. Close became a trustee emeritus of The Sundance Institute in 1992.[29]

Close appeared in the newsroom comedy-drama The Paper (1994), directed by her good friend Ron Howard. She insisted on doing more comedies but felt that she struggled in this role saying, "I have to criticize my performance in that movie. It all took place in one day. My character was having a bad day, so she's having a bad day throughout the whole movie. But this was a comedy, and I think I was too serious, too dense. I think that describes my failure there."[30] She would go on to appear in the alien invasion satire Mars Attacks! (1996) as The First Lady and as the sinister Cruella de Vil in the Disney hit 101 Dalmatians. Close's portrayal of Cruella de Vil earned her a Golden Globe and Satellite Award nomination for Best Actress in a comedy. One of Close's major box office hits came with Air Force One (1997), playing the trustworthy vice president to Harrison Ford's president. Close would later star in the war film Paradise Road (1997) as a choir conductor of the women imprisoned by the Japanese in World War II. In 1999, Close provided the voice of Kala in Disney's animated film Tarzan. She later went on to receive great reviews for her comedic role as Camille Dixon in Cookie's Fortune (1999).[31]

Independent Films (2000–07)[edit]

Close began to appear in more television movies rather than doing theatrical films in the early 2000's. She returned as Cruella de Vil in 102 Dalmatians (2000), although the film received negative reviews, Close's performance was praised and earned her a Satellite Award nomination. Close later filmed The Safety of Objects which premiered in 2001, a movie about four suburban families dealing with maladies. This was Kristen Stewart's first film role, Close and Stewart would later reunite in the 2015 film Anesthesia. Close starred in Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her in the same year, this would be one of many future collaborations with director Rodrigo Garcia. In 2004, she played Claire Wellington, an uptight socialite in The Stepford Wives opposite Nicole Kidman and Christopher Walken. Close continued to do smaller films like Le Divorce (2003), Heights (2005) and The Chumscrubber (2005). She provided the voice of the Blue Fairy in the English version of Pinocchio (2002) and Granny in the animated film Hoodwinked (2005). In 2005, she reunited with director Rodrigo Garcia to do Nine Lives, he would later direct Close in the film Albert Nobbs (2011). In 2007, Close joined friend and previous co-star Meryl Streep in the ensemble drama Evening. This would be Close's final theatrical film role of the decade, since she began to star in her own television series, Damages (2007).

Return to Film (2010–present)[edit]

Close in 2015

In December 2010, Close began filming Albert Nobbs in Dublin. She had previously won an Obie in 1982 for her role in the play on stage. She had been working on the film, in which she appeared alongside 101 Dalmatians co-star Mark Williams, for almost 20 years, and aside from starring in it, she co-wrote the screenplay, and produced the film.[32][33] Close expressed that it became more important for her to make this film to stimulate conversations about transgender rights, "There came a point where I asked, ‘Am I willing to live the rest of my life having given up on this?’ And I said, ‘No I won’t.’ Some people will change their point of view, and those who are either too old, or too blinkered, to accept the beauty of difference will just have to ‘die off’.”[34] In the film, Close played the title role of Albert Nobbs, a woman living her life as a man in 1800s Ireland after being sexually assaulted as a young girl. While the film itself received mixed reviews, Close and Janet McTeer received rave reviews for their performances. Close's performance was noted for being her most subtle and introverted performance yet and a departure from her other roles. She received Academy Award, Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, and multiple critics nominations for her performance.

Recently Close along with Viola Davis and Uma Thurman was featured in the Documentary Love, Marilyn reading excerpts from Marilyn Monroe's diaries. Critic Stephen Farber has described the film as "One of the most skillful and entertaining summaries of Marilyn's endlessly fascinating rise and fall."[35] In 2014, she played Nova Prime Rael in the science fiction film Guardians of the Galaxy and it's sequel.[36][37] Close also appeared in the independent movie 5 to 7 (2014) and Low Down (2014). In 2016, she will appear in The Girl with All the Gifts, The Great Gilly Hopkins, and Warcraft. In 2017, she will star alongside Noomi Rapace and Willem Dafoe in What Happened to Monday? Close's romantic comedy Wilde Wedding will also be released in the same year. She will be reunited with actors John Malkovich (her co-star in Dangerous Liaisons), and Patrick Stewart (co-star in The Lion in Winter). Close will make an appearance as Owen Wilson's mother in the comedy Bastards (2017).[38] Her upcoming projects include Crooked House, a film adaptation of the novel by Agatha Christie and The Wife, based on the novel by Meg Wolitzer.[39] Close will star in Duchess, playing Anna Anderson, who claimed to be the Grand Russian Duchess Anastasia.[40][41]

In total, Close has been nominated for six Academy Awards, for Best Actress in Dangerous Liaisons, Fatal Attraction, and Albert Nobbs and for Best Supporting Actress in The Natural, The Big Chill, and The World According to Garp. Close was asked about the fact of not having an Oscar, for which she answered: "And I remember being astounded that I met some people who were really kind of almost hyper-ventilating as to whether they were going to win or not, and I have never understood that. Because if you just do the simple math, the amount of people who are in our two unions, the amount of people who in our profession are out of work at any given time, the amount of movies that are made every year, and then you're one of five. How could you possibly think of yourself as a loser?"[42]

Television[edit]

Close began to do television movies in the early 1980's beginning with The Elephant Man and in 1984, starred in the critically acclaimed drama Something About Amelia, a Golden Globe-winning television movie about a family destroyed by sexual abuse. She starred alongside Keith Carradine in Stones for Ibarra (1988), a television film adaption from the book written by Harriet Doerr and produced by the Hallmark company.

"I think this character did a lot for women on television because she was unapologetic. She was brilliant and good at what she did. Some people would say 'she's evil' or 'she's a bitch,' but they've always said that about women who were powerful."

—Close discussing her character Patty Hewes

[43]

In the 1990's, she starred in the highly rated Hallmark Hall of Fame television movie Sarah, Plain and Tall (1991), as well as its two sequels. She also played the title role in the made-for-TV movie Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story in 1995, for which she won her first Emmy. Close has also provided the voice of Mona Simpson, from The Simpsons, since 1995.[44] Entertainment Weekly named Close one of the 16 best Simpsons guest stars.[45] In 2001, she starred in a production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's classic musical South Pacific as Nellie Forbush on ABC. Close guest-starred on Will and Grace in 2002, portraying a satirical version of Annie Leibovitz, earning her an Emmy nomination for Guest Actress in a Comedy Series. In 2003 she played Eleanor of Aquitaine in the Showtime produced film The Lion in Winter. Close won a Golden Globe and Screen Actor's Guild award for her performance. In 2005, Close joined the FX crime series The Shield, in which she played Monica Rawling, a no-nonsense precinct captain, this became her first TV role in a series. Close stated that she made the right move because television was in a "golden era" and the quality of some programs had already risen to the standards of film. She was nominated for an Emmy but did not win.[46] Although she only starred in season four of the series, Close was offered to continue her character. She respectfully declined because she did not want to miss out on more family time. The Shield was filmed in Los Angeles, which was too far from Close's residence in New York City.[47]

Close was later approached by FX executives who pitched a television series (Damages) for her to star in, that would only be filmed in New York City. In 2007, Close played the ruthless and brilliant lawyer Patty Hewes on Damages for five seasons. Her portrayal of this character was met with rave reviews and a plethora of award nominations, in addition she went on to win two consecutive Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama series.[48] At the time, she became one of the highest paid actresses on cable, earning $200,000 per episode.[49] In an interview, Close stated that her role of Patty Hewes in the series was the role of her life. Close also kept in contact with her co-star Rose Byrne, and the two have become great friends. After the series ended, Close stated that she would not return to television in a regular role, but that she was open to do a miniseries or a guest spot.[50]

As of 2016, she holds the record for the most nominations for an Oscar by an Emmy Winner.[51] Close also hosted Saturday Night Live in 1989 and in 1992.[52][53]

Theatre[edit]

Jim Dale and Glenn Close performing Busker Alley, 2006

Close has had an extensive career performing in Broadway musicals. She began performing in 1974, and received her first Tony Award nomination in 1980 for Barnum. One of her most notable roles on stage was Norma Desmond in the Andrew Lloyd Webber production of Sunset Boulevard, for which Close won a Tony Award, playing the role on Broadway in 1993-94.[14] At the time, Close was met with great reviews. David Richards of the The New York Times said that "Glenn is giving one of those legendary performances people will be talking about years from now. The actress takes breathtaking risks, venturing so far out on a limb at times that you fear it will snap. It doesn’t."[54] Close was also a guest star at the Andrew Lloyd Webber fiftieth birthday party celebration in the Royal Albert Hall in 1998. She appeared as Norma Desmond and performed songs from Sunset Boulevard. She would later re-team with the show's director, Trevor Nunn, in London for his Royal National Theatre revival of A Streetcar Named Desire in 2002.[55] Close won a Tony Award in 1984 for The Real Thing, directed by Mike Nichols. In 1992 she won another Tony Award for Death and the Maiden.[14] Close performed at Carnegie Hall, narrating the violin concerto The Runaway Bunny, a concerto for reader, violin and orchestra, composed and conducted by Glen Roven.

She provided the voice of the "Giant" in the Summer 2012 production of the musical Into the Woods at the Delacorte Theater in Central Park. The production also featured Amy Adams as The Baker's Wife and Donna Murphy as The Witch.[56] In 2014 she starred in a production of the Pirates of Penzance for the Public Theater in New York, playing the role of Ruth. This production featured Kevin Kline, Martin Short and Anika Noni Rose.

In October 2014, Close returned to Broadway in the starring role of Agnes in Pam MacKinnon's revival of Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance at the Golden Theatre. Her co-stars were John Lithgow as Tobias, Martha Plimpton as Julia and Lindsay Duncan as Claire. The production grossed $884,596 over eight preview performances during the week ending Oct. 25, setting a new house record at the Golden Theatre. The production received mixed reviews although the cast was praised[3][57]

In April 2016 she returned as Norma Desmond in the musical Sunset Boulevard on the West End stage.[58] Close was met with rave reviews after returning to this same role twenty-three years later. Both The Times and The Daily Telegraph gave the production five stars and praised Close's performance.[59][60] During the production Close was forced to cancel three shows due to a chest infection. She was hospitalized but later recovered and finished the remaining shows.[61]

She hosted the 46th and 49th Annual Tony Awards. In 2016, Close will be inducted in The Theater Hall of Fame.[62]

Acting style and legacy[edit]

"I love the chemistry that can be created onstage between the actors and the audience. It's molecular even, the energies that can go back and forth. I started in theater and when I first went into movies I felt that my energy was going to blow out the camera."

— Glenn Close on acting

[63]

Close is regarded as an extraordinarily versatile actress with an immersive acting style.[64] In 1995, Close guest starred on Inside the Actors Studio to discuss her film career. James Lipton described her as an actor who "can find an outstanding number of layers in a role or a single moment; Close is a supple actor who performs subtle feats."[14] Close credits the theatre for the acting skills she developed, "To me, it's where you really develop as an artist. I have a huge respect for film acting, but onstage, you don't have editors and you don't have sound people. You don't have the close-up. You're out there with your fellow actors and the audience. It's a chemical mixture that's happened for centuries!"[65] Close is also professionally trained by acting coach Harold Guskin, who also taught Kevin Kline and James Gandolfini. Working with Guskin, Close learned several important lessons, which she said she’s applied to her career as well as her life. One such lesson, she claims, was to remember to breathe and let it all go, "You have to maintain a certain openness, and if you don't maintain that, you lose something vital as an actor. It's how we're wired, and it's not a bad thing. It's actually a good thing."[66] Close says that in order to continue to learn her trade she went to every rehearsal.[67][68]

On method acting, she claims that while she found it interesting to work with those types of actors, it was not her preferred style.[69] She told James Lipton in an interview that she thinks it's "cheating" if she has to draw upon her own feelings. However, she admitted to using this technique for some scenes in The House of the Spirits and Fatal Attraction. Although Close does extensive research and preparation for her roles, she also relies less on the technicality of a performance saying, "Good acting I think is like being a magician, in that you make people believe; because it's only when they believe that they are moved. And I want people to get emotionally involved. I think technique is important but it isn't everything. You can have a great technical actor who'll leave people cold. That's not my idea of great acting. As audience, I don't want to be aware of acting."[70] Close has described herself as a character actress. Longtime collaborator and playwright, Christopher Hampton describes Close an an actress who can very easily convey "a sense of strength and intelligence." Hampton worked on Sunset Boulevard and the stage production of Dangerous Liaisions, Hampton later cast her in the movie version.[71] “Glenn is often described as having a glacial or distant quality about her, but in person she’s the absolute opposite: warm and intimate,” says the actor Iain Glen, who co-starred with her in the 2002 stage production of A Streetcar Named Desire. “She was able to bring strength to the role, so it became more of a contrast when she lost touch with reality. It was more moving. I’m sure that’s why she was drawn to the role, to show different qualities that perhaps people were less familiar with. She was able to completely access that vulnerability. There was a real softness to her.[71]

However, Close is praised for her more "villainous" roles than her soft and nurturing ones. Her character in Fatal Attraction was ranked #7 on AFI's 100 years...100 heroes and villains list.[72] Regarding her role in the series Damages, The New York Times remarked "There is no actor dead or alive as scary as a smiling Glenn Close."[73] Writer Christopher Hooton also praised her saying, "Christopher Walken, Glenn Close, Al Pacino, and many others have a surprising danger in them. They're a little scary to be around, because you feel they might jump you or blow up at you at any time. They are ticking time bombs."[74]

As of 2016, films featuring Close have grossed over $2.4 Billion worldwide.[75] On January 12, 2009, she was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard, in front of the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.[76]

Film historian Cari Beauchamp has stated, “When you look at the top 10 actresses of the past 80 years, since sound came in, first you have Bette Davis, Katharine Hepburn and Meryl Streep – but I think Glenn Close is definitely in that list, it’s a combination of her guts, in the roles she chooses, and her perseverance. Frankly, she’s taken roles that are more challenging than a lot of other people."[77]

Personal life[edit]

Relationships and family[edit]

From 1969 to 1971, Close was married to Cabot Wade, a guitarist and songwriter, with whom she had performed during her time at Up with People.[78] From 1979 to 1983 she dated Broadway actor Len Cariou.[78] She was married to businessman James Marlas from 1984 to 1987.[78] Soon afterwards, she began a relationship with producer John Starke, whom she had previously met on the set of The World According to Garp.[78] In 1988 the two had a daughter together, Annie Starke, who is currently an aspiring actress.[79] They separated in 1991.[78] Close also dated actor Woody Harrelson from 1991 to 1994 after co-starring together in the play Brooklyn Laundry.[80][81] In 1995 Close was engaged to carpenter Steve Beers, who had worked on Sunset Boulevard, but the two never married, and they separated in 1999.[78] Actor Robert Pastorelli and Close were also romantically linked in the late 90's, they acted alongside each other in the ABC made-for-TV production of South Pacific (musical). In February 2006, Close married executive and venture capitalist David Evans Shaw in Maine.[78][82] The couple divorced in August 2015.[83]

Close, in 2013

Activism[edit]

Close has campaigned for many issues like gay marriage, women's issues, animal rights, and mental health. In 1989, she attended pro-choice marches in Washington D.C. with Gloria Steinem and Jane Fonda.[84] In 1998, Close was a part of a star-studded cast which performed The Vagina Monologues at a benefit. It raised $250,000 in a single evening with proceeds going to the effort to stop violence against women.[85][86] Close identifies as a feminist.[87] She was honored with a GLAAD Media Award in 2002 for promoting equal rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people.[88] She volunteered and produced a documentary for Puppies Behind Bars, an organization that provides service dogs for wounded war veterans.[89][90] She is also a trustee of The Wildlife Conservation Society[91] and volunteers at Fountain House in New York City, a facility dedicated to the recovery of men and women who suffer with mental illness.[92] Close is a Founding Member of the Panthera Conservation Advisory Committee. Panthera is an international nonprofit whose sole mission is conservation of the world’s 36 species of wild cats.[93]

Close was a founder and is chairperson of BringChange2Mind, a US campaign to eradicate the stigma and discrimination surrounding mental illness, supporting her sister Jessie who has bipolar disorder.[12][94] In 2010, Close announced to the public that she had her DNA sequenced in order to publicize her family's history of mental illness.[95] During the month of July 2013, Close put up over 380 designer items up for auction on eBay from the wardrobe her character Patty Hewes wore on Damages. All proceeds were raised to go to her charity BringChange2Mind.[96] Close had director and friend Ron Howard direct the foundation's first PSA. John Mayer also lent his song "Say" for the advert.[97] In 2013, Close went to the White House to urge passage of the Excellence in Mental Health Act that was written to expand treatment for the mentally ill and to provide access to mental health services. The bill, was signed into law by President Obama in April 2014, and will give $1.1B in funding to help strengthen the mental health care system in the US.[98] She was awarded the WebMD Health Hero award in 2015 for her contributions to mental health initiatives.[99] Close is also a member of the CuriosityStream Advisory Board.[100] On June 16, 2016, Close donated $75,000 to the Mental Health Association of Central Florida, in order to give counselling and help to victims of the Orlando nightclub shooting.[101] Close frequently promotes her charitable causes through her Twitter account.[102]

Business ventures and assets[edit]

Close currently resides in Bedford Hills, New York but still has a condo in the West Village.[103] She also owns properites in Wellington, Florida, and Bozeman, Montana.[104][105] In the early 1990's, she owned a coffee shop in Bozeman, but sold it in 2006.[106] In 2011, Close sold her apartment in The Beresford for $10.2 million.[107] She also runs a 1,000 acre ranch in Wyoming.[108] Close has an estimated net worth of $50 million.[109]

Close is the President of Trillium Productions Inc.[110][111] Her company has produced films like Albert Nobbs, Sarah Plain and Tall, and South Pacific. She also produced the film Serving in Silence with Barbra Streisand, for which they were both nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Television Movie. Close's other production credits include Journey (1995), and Pax (2010).[112]

In 2007, she co-founded FetchDog, a dog accessories catalog and Internet site. She published blogs where she interviews other celebrities about their relationships with their dogs. She sold the business in 2012.[113][114]

Close keeps all of her costumes after completing films and rents them out to exhibits.[115][116] Close is a huge Madonna fan, and lent her the dress she wore in Dangerous Liaisons for Madonna's 1990 VMA performance of Vogue.[117][118][119]

Close is a New York Mets fan, and has sung the national anthem at Citi Field numerous times since 1986.[120][121]

Political Views[edit]

Close was born into a Democratic family.[122] In addition, she has donated money to the election campaigns of many politicians, including Hillary Clinton, Howard Dean, John Edwards, Angus King and Barack Obama.[123] She also spoke at the 2004 Democratic National Convention.[124][125] Close voted for Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election and attended his inauguration.[126][127] In 2015, she donated to Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign.[128] In a 2016 interview with Andrew Marr for the BBC, Close criticized Donald Trump, calling his campaign "terribly frightening."[129]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1982 The World According to Garp Jenny Fields Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1983 The Big Chill Sarah Cooper Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1984 The Natural Iris Gaines Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1984 The Stone Boy Ruth Hillerman
1984 Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes Jane Porter Voice, uncredited
1985 Jagged Edge Teddy Barnes
1985 Maxie Jan Cheyney / Maxie Malone
1987 Fatal Attraction Alexandra "Alex" Forrest Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
1988 Dangerous Liaisons Marquise Isabelle de Merteuil Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
1988 Light Years Queen Ambisextra Voice
1989 Immediate Family Linda Spector
1990 Reversal of Fortune Sunny von Bulow
1990 Hamlet Queen Gertrude
1991 Hook Gutless Cameo
1991 Meeting Venus Karin Anderson
1993 The House of the Spirits Ferula Trueba
1994 The Paper Alicia Clark
1996 Mars Attacks! First Lady Marsha Dale
1996 101 Dalmatians Cruella de Vil
1996 Mary Reilly Mrs. Farraday
1997 Paradise Road Adrienne Pargiter
1997 Air Force One Vice President Kathryn Bennett
1999 Cookie's Fortune Camille Dixon
1999 Tarzan Kala Voice
2000 102 Dalmatians Cruella de Vil
2000 Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her Dr. Elaine Keener
2001 The Safety of Objects Esther Gold
2003 Le Divorce Olivia Pace
2003 Pinocchio The Blue Fairy Voice; English dub
2004 Heights Diana
2004 The Stepford Wives Claire Wellington
2005 Tarzan II Kala Voice, direct-to-DVD
2005 The Chumscrubber Carrie Johnson
2005 Nine Lives Maggie
2006 Hoodwinked! Granny Voice
2007 Evening Mrs. Wittenborn
2011 Hoodwinked Too! Hood vs. Evil Granny Voice
2011 Albert Nobbs Albert Nobbs Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
Also producer, co-writer and author of the lyrics of the song "Lay Your Head Down"
2014 Low Down Gram
2014 Guardians of the Galaxy Nova Prime Irani Rael
2015 5 to 7 Arlene
2015 Anesthesia Marcia Zarrow
2015 The Great Gilly Hopkins Nonnie Hopkins
2016 Warcraft: The Beginning Alodi Uncredited
2016 The Girl with All the Gifts Dr. Caroline Caldwell
2016 What Happened to Monday? Post Production
2017 Bastards Helen Baxter
2017 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 Nova Prime Irani Rael Post Production
2017 Wilde Wedding Eve Wilde Post Production
2017 Crooked House Lady Edith Filming[130]
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1975 Great Performances Neighbour Season 3, episode 14: The Rules of the Game
1979 Too Far To Go Rebecca Kuehn TV film
1979 Orphan Train Jessica TV film
1982 The Elephant Man Princess Alexandra TV film
1984 Something About Amelia Gail Bennett TV film
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie
1988 Stones for Ibarra Sara Everton TV film
1991 Sarah, Plain and Tall Sarah Wheaton TV film, also executive producer
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie
1993 Skylark Sarah Witting TV film, also executive producer
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie
1995 Serving in Silence Margarethe Cammermeyer TV film, also executive producer
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Made for Television Movie
1995 Inside the Actors Studio Herself Season 2, episode 4
1995–2016 The Simpsons Mona Simpson 6 episodes
1997 In the Gloaming Janet TV film
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie
1999 Sarah, Plain and Tall: Winter's End Sarah Witting TV film, also executive producer
2000 Baby Adult Sophie TV film, narrator, also executive producer
2001 The Ballad of Lucy Whipple Arvella Whipple TV film, also executive producer
2001 South Pacific Nellie Forbush TV film, also executive producer
2002 Will & Grace Fanny Lieber Episode: "Hocus Focus"
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series
2003 Brush with Fate Cornelia Engelbrecht TV film
2003 The Lion in Winter Eleanor of Aquitaine TV film
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie
2004 The West Wing Evelyn Baker Lang Episode: "The Supremes"
2004 Strip Search Karen Moore TV film
2005 The Shield Captain Monica Rawling Season 4 (13 episodes)
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series
2007–12 Damages Patty Hewes Seasons 1-5 (59 episodes)
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series (2008, 2009)
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series (2010, 2012)
2016 Family Guy Herself (voice) Season 14, episode 15: A Lot Going on Upstairs
Theatre
Year title Role Notes
1974 Love for Love Angelica Broadway play (New Phoenix Rep at Helen Hayes Theatre)
1974 The Rules of the Game Neighbour
1974 The Member of the Wedding Janice
1975 King Lear Cordelia Milwaukee Repertory Theatre
1976 Rex Princess Mary Broadway musical
1977 The Crazy Locomotive Off-Broadway (Chelsea Theater Center)
1977 Uncommon Women and Others Off-Broadway
1978 The Crucifer of Blood Irene St. Claire Broadway play
1979 Wine Untouched Off-Broadway
1979 The Winter Dancers Off-Broadway
1980 Barnum Chairy Barnum Broadway musical
Nominated—Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical
1981 Uncle Vanya Elena Yale Repertory Theatre
1982 The Singular Life of Albert Nobbs Albert Nobbs Off-Broadway
1983 The Real Thing Annie Broadway play (Plymouth Theatre)
Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play
1985 For No Good Reason/Childhood Off-Broadway
1985 Joan of Arc at the Stake Concert[131]
1985 Benefactors Jane Broadway play (Brooks Atkinson Theatre)
1992 Death and the Maiden Paulina Salas Broadway play (Brooks Atkinson Theatre)
Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play
1993 Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond Shubert Theatre, Los Angeles (musical)
1994 Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond Broadway musical
Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical
2002 A Streetcar Named Desire Blanche Dubois London (National Theatre)
2003 The Play What I Wrote Broadway musical
2006 Busker Alley Dame Libby St. Albans Off-Broadway musical (one-performance benefit concert)
2010 The Normal Heart Dr. Emma Brookner Walter Kerr Theatre (one- performance benefit concert)
2014 A Delicate Balance Agnes Broadway play
2016 Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond West End (London Coliseum)
Documentaries
Year Title Notes
1988 American Experience Executive producer
1990 Divine Garbo Host
1992 Broken Hearts, Broken Homes Executive producer
1999 The Lady with the Torch Host
2003 In Search of the Jaguar Narrator
2003 What I Want My Words to Do to You Narrator
2003 A Closer Walk Narrator
2007 Gabon: The Last Eden Narrator
2009 Home Narrator
2010 Pax Executive producer
2011 Not My Life Narrator
2012 Love, Marilyn Narrator
2015 Mind/Game: The Unquiet Journey of Chamique Holdsclaw Narrator
2016 Broadway: Beyond the Golden Age Herself

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External links[edit]