Flag of Kenya
|Use||National flag, civil and state ensign|
|Adopted||12 December 1963|
|Design||A horizontal tricolour of black, white-edged red, and green with two crossed white spears behind a red, white, and black Maasai shield|
The Flag of Kenya (Swahili: Bendera ya Kenya) is a tricolour of black, red, and green with two white edges imposed with a red, white and black Maasai shield and two crossed spears. The flag is based on that of Kenya African National Union and was officially adopted on 12 December 1963 after Kenya's independence.
The Kenyan flag is on the black over red over the green flag of Kenya African National Union (KANU), the political party that led the fight for the independence of Kenya. Upon independence, the white fimbriation, symbolising peace and unity, and the shield were added. The meaning of the colours of the flag of Kenya match closely to those of the Pan-African flag adopted by the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League in 1920.
The 2010 revised edition of the Constitution of Kenya includes specifications of the Kenyan flag, located in the Second schedule, Article 9, paragraph 6.2.
The Kenyan flag includes symbols of unity, peace, and defence of the country. The color black represents the people of the Republic of Kenya, red for the bloodshed during the fight for independence, and green for the country's landscape and natural wealth. The white fimbriation was added later to symbolise peace, honesty, purity, and innocence. The black, red, and white traditional Maasai shield and two spears symbolise the defence of all the things mentioned above. Many of both colours and symbolic values are shared with the flag of South Sudan.
The colours of the flag have been specified by the Kenya National Archives.
|British Standard Colours||—||Post office red
|Pantone||Black C||484 C||7730 C|
Historical presidential standards
Presidential Standard of Jomo Kenyatta
Presidential Standard of Daniel Arap Moi
Presidential Standard of Mwai Kibaki
Presidential Standard of Uhuru Kenyatta
Presidential Standard of William Ruto, Incumbent President of Kenya
Flag of Kenya Defence Forces
Flag of Kenya Navy
Presidential Standard of the Navy
Flag of Kenya Air Force
Imperial British East Africa Company (1888-1895)
East Africa Protectorate (1895-1921)
Colony and Protectorate of Kenya (1921-1963)
Flag of the Dominion of Kenya (1963-1964); flag of the Republic of Kenya (1964-present)
- ^ "Flag of Kenya". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- ^ "The History of the Red, Black, and Yellow". Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Archived from the original on 13 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- ^ "Laws of Kenya". Archived from the original on 25 December 2019.
- ^ "Kenya Flag and Kenya National Anthem - Symbols of Nationhood". Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- Kenyan Flag at Get Kenya Online. Accessed 6 August 2006.
- Flag Specifications at Kenya National Archives. Accessed 16 Feb 2006.
- Kenya at Flags of the World
- Kenya Naval Ensign
- Flag of Kenya – Flagscorner
- Flag of Kenya – Kenya Travel Tips