Flag of Kenya

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Flag of Kenya.svg
Use National flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 12 December 1963
Design A horizontal tricolour of black, white-edged red, and green with two crossed white spears behind a red, white, and black Maasai shield.

The flag of Kenya (Swahili: Bendera ya Kenya) was officially adopted on 12 December 1963.


The Kenyan flag is based on that of Kenya African National Union and was adopted on 12 December 1963 as the country's flag. The colour black represents the people of the Republic of Kenya, red for the blood shed during the fight for independence, and green for the country's landscape and natural wealth. The white fimbriation was added later to symbolize peace and honesty. The black, red, and white traditional Maasai shield and two spears symbolise the defense of all the things mentioned above. Note that the black color symbolizes all the people of Kenya, for black is not a color but the absence of color or complete absorption of visible light. Thus means black stands for all the people of Kenya and not necessarily the black community.


Construction sheet

The colours of the flag have been specified by the Kenya National Archives.

Black Red Green
British Standard Colours Post office red



Defence Forces[edit]

County flags[edit]


The Kenyan flag is based on the black over red over green flag of Kenya African National Union (KANU), the political party that led the fight for freedom and independence of Kenya. Upon independence, the white fimbriation, symbolising peace and unity, and the shield were added. The meaning of the colours of the flag of Kenya match closely to those of the Pan-African flag adopted by the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League in 1920.[1]

See also[edit]


Source: Kenyan Flag at Get Kenya Online. Accessed 6 August 2006.
Source: Flag Specifications at Kenya National Archives. Accessed 16 Feb 2006.

External links[edit]