Flag of Rwanda

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Flag of Rwanda.svg
UseNational flag
Adopted25 October 2001
DesignA horizontal tricolour of blue (double width), yellow and green; charged with a sun-yellow sun in the upper-fly side corner
Designed byAlphonse Kirimobenecyo

The flag of Rwanda was adopted on October 25, 2001.


The flag has four colours: blue, green, and two forms of yellow[1] (standard yellow for the middle band and what the Pantone system calls "sun yellow" for the sun). The blue band represents happiness and peace, the yellow band symbolizes economic development, and the green band symbolizes the hope of prosperity. The sun represents enlightenment.[2]

The new flag represents national unity, respect for work, heroism, and confidence in the future. It was adopted to avoid connotations to the 1994 genocide.[1][3] The flag was designed by Alphonse Kirimobenecyo.[4]

When hung vertically, the flag should be displayed as the horizontal version rotated clockwise 90 degrees.[5]

Previous flag[edit]

Rwanda's previous flag was a red-yellow-green tricolour with a large black letter "R" (to distinguish it from the otherwise identical Flag of Guinea). Derived from the flag of Ethiopia, the colours green, yellow, and red represented peace; the nation's hope for its development; and the people. The colours were associated with Pan-African colours. The flag was changed because it became associated with the brutality of the 1994 genocide.[1][2]



  1. ^ a b c Vesperini, Helen (31 December 2001). "Rwanda unveils new flag and anthem". BBC. Archived from the original on 5 November 2003. Retrieved 5 November 2003.
  2. ^ a b "Flags of the World: Rwanda". CRW Flags of the World. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  3. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=lASCkgt0E40C&pg=PA166&lpg=PA166&dq=Michael+Habarurema&source=bl&ots=JXIIpE04jj&sig=In_dFoC8a1c6OWLTdMI9j2x3IsY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjlxO_j0vDeAhVtx1kKHTOAD0AQ6AEwCXoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=Michael%20Habarurema&f=false
  4. ^ "Flags of Africa — Countries Starting with R". Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  5. ^ Flags and Anthems Manual: London 2012 (PDF). London, United Kingdom: London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 2012. p. 88. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-01-04. Retrieved 4 January 2015.