Flag of Rwanda
|Adopted||25 October 2001|
|Design||A horizontal tricolour of blue (double width), yellow and green; charged with a sun-yellow sun in the upper-fly side corner|
|Designed by||Alphonse Kirimobenecyo|
The flag has four colours: blue, green, yellow, and gold  The blue band represents happiness and peace, the yellow band symbolizes economic development, and the green band symbolizes the hope of prosperity. The gold sun represents enlightenment.
The new flag represents national unity, respect for work, heroism, and confidence in the future. It was adopted to avoid connotations to the 1994 genocide. The flag was designed by Alphonse Kirimobenecyo.
When hung vertically, the flag should be displayed as the horizontal version rotated clockwise 90 degrees.
Rwanda's previous flag was a red-yellow-green tricolour with a large black letter "R" (to distinguish it from the otherwise identical Flag of Guinea and "R" is initialism for "Rwanda"). Derived from the flag of Ethiopia, the colours green, yellow, and red represented peace; the nation's hope for its development; and the people. The colours were associated with Pan-African colours. The flag was changed because it became associated with the brutality of the 1994 genocide.
Flag of the German East Africa Company, flown by early German colonial entrepreneurs in the East African region
Flag of German East Africa, the collective flag of all German colonies.
Flag of the Kingdom of Rwanda (1959 – September 24, 1961)
Flag of Rwanda (September 25, 1961 – October 24, 2001), changed because of the 1994 genocide
Flag of the President of Rwanda
- Flags and Anthems Manual: London 2012 (PDF). London, United Kingdom: London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 2012. p. 88. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-01-04. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- "Flags of the World: Rwanda". CRW Flags of the World. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- Vesperini, Helen (31 December 2001). "Rwanda unveils new flag and anthem". BBC. Archived from the original on 5 November 2003. Retrieved 5 November 2003.
- Burnet, Jennie E. (2012-11-19). Genocide Lives in Us: Women, Memory, and Silence in Rwanda. ISBN 9780299286439.
- "Flags of Africa — Countries Starting with R". Retrieved 24 March 2014.