This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (February 2016)
Fuji GX680 (III pictured with 100-200mm zoom lens, support rail, and AE eye-level finder)
|Type||Interchangeable-lens SLR medium-format studio/field camera|
|Image sensor type||Film|
|Image sensor size||56 mm × 76 mm|
2.2 in × 3.0 in
|Exposure||Manual; aperture-priority automatic|
|Shutter speed range||1⁄400–8s + B|
|Optional viewfinders||eye-level, autoexposure, and angle|
|Successor||GX680 II, GX680 III|
The Fuji GX680 is a series of single lens reflex system cameras for medium format film produced by Fujifilm with interchangeable camera lenses and interchangeable film holders for the unusual film format 6×8cm on 120 and 220 roll film. The distinguishing feature of the Fuji GX680 is the articulating front standard, which runs on a rail connecting lens and camera body by a bellows; the interchangeable lens is permanently mounted to a lens board.
In contrast to competing medium-format cameras, e.g. Mamiya RB67 and RZ67 and Rolleiflex SL66, for some models of the Fuji GX680 the front standard can be shifted right, left, up and down for perspective control, and the front standard can also be tilted on horizontal and vertical axes to control depth of field using the Scheimpflug principle. Therefore the Fuji GX680 has many of the same camera movements of a large format view camera, only limited by restricted motions of the front standard and a fixed rear standard, making the camera also suitable for architectural photography. The Fuji GX680 has quite large physical dimensions for a medium-format camera, but compared to the typical monorail/studio large-format camera, the Fuji GX680 is more compact. Although the Fuji GX680 was designed for studio work due to its size and weight, a neck-strap was offered for mobile work.
The Fuji GX680 has been built in 3 model variants (numbers in parentheses are the production periods):
- Fuji GX680 (1987–1995)
- Fuji GX680 II (1995–1998)
- Fuji GX680 III (1998–2007)
The 3 models differ externally only by slight modifications on displays, controls and rechargeable battery versus battery. The GX680 was introduced in 1987, and shown at the Photographic Marketing Association convention with nine lenses, which was held in Chicago. The original GX680 and GX680 II are powered by a rechargeable nickel-cadmium battery, which provides sufficient power for approximately 1000 exposures and recharges in 1 hour. Alternatively, for studio use, an optional DC power supply is available.
There is a second (Simplified) variant of the model III denoted with an "S" suffix (e.g., GX680 III S) which only allows linear extension of the front standard along the rails, and omits the tilt and shift movements of the standard model.
The Fuji GX680 system features interchangeable camera lenses, viewfinders and focusing screens, film holders (also for instant film), batteries, and bellows. Optional accessories include extension rail sets for close ups, a remote release, viewfinder correction lenses, and lens shades.
The film holders for the GX680 and GX680 II feature a backup ER-3 lithium battery to retain data.
|GX680||GX680 II||GX680 III & III S|
|Power Source||rechargeable battery (7.2V)||3× CR123A batteries (9V), optional battery holder|
|Error warnings||Yes, audible and visual|
|Lenses||EBC Fujinon GX or EBC Fujinon GX M[a]|
|Display Filmcounter||Counter for camera & filmholder||Counter for camera, filmholder & lens[b]|
|Film advance||Yes, automatic to first frame & after last frame; motor-driven between each exposure via discrete film wind button|
|Data recording||No||Yes, with film holder III|
|Film||120/220 type 6 cm roll film[c]|
|Formats||Portrait/Landscape by revolving the film holder, viewfinder mask coupled to the revolving film holder shows the actual orientation[d]|
|Lens-Shift, max.[f]||15mm right, left, up; 13mm down||IIIS: No motions|
|Lens-Tilt, max.[f]||±12° on horizontal and vertical axis|
|Shutter Speed||1⁄400–8s, Bulb|
|Exposure Frequency[h]||ca. 1 frame/s|
|Mounting for neck-strap[j]||No, extra neck-strap-set available||Yes|
|Flash||Yes, synchro-socket & test button provided on camera body; hotshoe on front standard|
|Exposure-Programs||Manual (set Exposure-Time and Aperture manually),
Auto Exposure AE (Aperture priority, set Aperture manually, automatic setting of Shutter Speed depending on ISO-setting on film-holder in combination with Exposuremeter in AE-Finder)
|OTF[k]-Exposure-Warning, -Display||Yes, displayed via LEDs||Yes, displayed via LCD|
|OTF-Sensitivity||LW 4-18 at ISO 100||LW 5-19 at ISO 100|
|TTL-Light- & -Flashlight-Measure[k]||No, only via AE-Finder|
|Weight||4146g[l]||4256g[l]||III: 4070g[m], 2690g[n]||IIIS: 3720g,[m], 2350g[n]|
|Dimensions[l][o]||187 mm × 278 mm × 207 mm
7.4 in × 10.9 in × 8.1 in
|III: 188 mm × 274 mm × 213 mm
7.4 in × 10.8 in × 8.4 in
|IIIS: 188 mm × 274 mm × 187 mm|
7.4 in × 10.8 in × 7.4 in
- The GX M-Lenses were introduced with GX680 III. An electronic Picture-Counter was included in the lenses, allowing the Fuji GX680 III together with film-holder III to show the counter for the film-holder, the camera and the lens for maintenance purposes. GXM-Lenses can be used on models GX680 and GX680 II, but show no counter there.
- Counter for lens only with GX M-Lenses and film-holder III
- 120 and 220 type roll-film used different film-holders on models GX680 and GX680 II; model GX680 III used different replaceable film-cassettes in the same film-holder
- only viewable with 6x8 and 6x7 focusing screens on model GX680 III
- needs adequate format-mask for film-holder III, adapt viewer by matching focusing screen with imprinted format border, changing of film-mask in the middle of a roll is not possible.
- Maximum effective movement is reduced when using 50mm Lens or 100-200mm Zoom-Lens, also by combining different movements with any lens; model GX680 III S has no Lens-Shift or -Tilt
- enables mounting of Fujifilm DBP Digital Back
- via motor-film-advance in film-holder
- manual setting on film-holder or automatic setting via film bar code system
- sidewise eyelets on body
- OTF is Off The Film, during the exposure a Silicon-Diode inside the camera-body measures the light reflected by the film in a central 25mm diameter circle, displays: over-/under- or correct-exposure after taking the picture; no Flash Control via OTF possible
- Camera body with 135mm/1:5.6 lens, film holder and rechargeable battery
- Camera body with 135mm/1:5.6 lens and film holder, without (rechargeable) batteries
- Body only, without batteries
Parts and controls
The listed controls and parts are available on the camera:
- Shutter release button
- Power off & film advance (Single/Continuous/Multi) mode selector
- Film wind button (following a multi-exposure)
- Mirror up/down switch
- Shutter speed selector dial (including Bulb and Auto Exposure)
- Aperture adjustment & stop-down levers (both are part of the lens)
- Focusing knobs and Focus lock lever
- Tilt and Shift knobs and locks
- Hot shoe (on front standard)
- Flash synchro socket
- Flash synchro test button
- Remote control shutter release socket
- Communications connector (only on model III)
- Spirit level
- Revolving film-holder lock release button
- Viewfinder lock release lever
- Lens lock lever
- Battery-/rechargeable battery compartment
- LEDs or LCD
All EBC Fujinon GX(M) Lenses have been equipped with a Central shutter (Flash synchronisation is possible at all shutter-speeds), the lenses have good reputations. Electric contacts on the lens board and the lenses are used to control the central shutter from the camera body. The shutter in all lenses is electronic and made by Seiko. Levers on the lens control the aperture.
|EBC Fujinon Lens||35mm-equiv. FL & aperture||Aperture range||Filter (mm)||Mass (g)||Dimensions (mm)||Elements/ groups||MSRP (×1000 ¥)||Notes|
|50mm f/5.6 GX (M)||23mm f/2.6||f/5.6–45||112||1250||115 × 115× 125||12/9||267||cannot be used with full movements due to smaller image circle|
|65mm f/5.6 GX (M)||30mm f/2.6||f/5.6–45||95||1190||107 × 107 × 116||10/9||225|
|80mm f/5.6 GX (M)||37mm f/2.6||f/5.6–45||95||1100||101 × 107 × 113||8/8||190|
|100mm f/4.0 GX (M)||46mm f/1.8||f/4–45||82||910||101 × 107 × 101||8/8||147|
|115mm f/3.2 GX MD||53mm f/1.5||f/3.2–32||95||870||101 × 107 × 95||8/6||183|
|125mm f/3.2 GX MD||57mm f/1.5||f/3.2–32||95||895||101 × 107 × 96||8/6||178|
|125mm f/5.6 GX (M)||57mm f/2.6||f/5.6–45||82||545||101 × 107 × 80||6/5||142|
|135mm f/5.6 GX (M)||62mm f/2.6||f/5.6–45||82||565||101 × 107 × 79||6/6||122||the most common "kit lens" for this system|
|150mm f/4.5 GX (M)||69mm f/2.1||f/4.5–45||82||705||101 × 107 × 91||6/4||153|
|180mm f/3.2 GX MD||82mm f/1.5||f/3.2–32||95||1030||101 × 107 × 105||7/5||160|
|180mm f/5.6 GX (M)||82mm f/2.6||f/5.6–45||82||800||101 × 107 × 104||6/6||195|
|190mm f/8.0 GX SF||87mm f/3.7||f/8–64||82||690||101 × 107 × 104||3/3||156||unique aperture design for soft out-of-focus regions|
|210mm f/5.6 GX (M)||96mm f/2.6||f/5.6–64||82||835||101 × 107 × 103||5/5||160|
|250mm f/5.6 GX (M)||115mm f/2.6||f/5.6–64||82||925||101 × 107 × 105||5/4||164|
|300mm f/6.3 GX (M)||137mm f/2.9||f/6.3–64||82||1100||101 × 107 × 139||5/5||229|
|500mm f/8.0 GX (M)||229mm f/3.7||f/8–64||82||1660||101 × 107 × 245||6/6||395||Supplied with an optional mounting rail, which stabilises the lens but prevents camera movements entirely. Tilt functions not usable|
|100–200mm f/5.6 GX (M)||46–92mm f/2.6||f/5.6–64||105||2150||118 × 118.5 × 176||14/11||398||optional (not supplied) mount of support rail under the camera and a support ring on the lens is necessary, tilt functions not usable, 80mm rail extension cannot be used|
A Lens Board Adapter accessory permits the use of large-format camera lenses fitting Linhof Technika type lens boards, but the shutter of these lenses is not controlled by the Fuji GX680, so they must be pre-focussed and then manually triggered after the mirror is locked up. The adapter is intended for use with Fujinon-W 180, 210, 250mm; Fujinon-SF 180mm; Fujinon-A 180, 240; and Fujinon-T 300mm lenses.
As the Fuji GX680 series are system cameras there is a wide range of accessories:
- Folding waist level viewfinder (default accessory)
- Magnifier hood
- AE viewfinder FL (view from above), AE angled viewfinder (view from behind) - each equipped with Exposure Meter (including flash)
- Neck-strap (model III default accessory) & Neck-strap-set
- Extension Rail Set 40mm, since model II also 80mm - to extend the 65mm Focus-Rail
- 1m and 5m Remote Release
- Instant film-holder
- 120/220 roll-film-holder (since film-holder III only one type of holder with two different replaceable film-cassettes for 120 and 220 type film, additional format-masks)
- Focusing Screens (especially for different formats on model III)
- Bellows for long focus-movement or wide angle-lenses
- Digital Back Fujifilm DBP for GX680 (other makers digital backs can also be mounted to Fuji GX680 by interchangeable mounts, most digital backs have smaller formats than 6x4.5 cm)
- Film-Holder Adaptors for Hasselblad 6x6, Contax 645 and Mamiya 645 backs
- Bellows-Lens-Shades, Lens-Hoods
- Dioptric Correction Lenses for folding waist-level viewfinder
- Carrying Case
- Rechargeable Battery, Charger, Battery Holder
- "Fujifilm Professional Cameras: GX680 III". Fujifilm. Archived from the original on January 7, 2001.
- 6×8cm are the nominal dimensions; actual image size is 56 mm × 76 mm (2.2 in × 3.0 in).
- "What's New: Swing-shift SLR". Popular Science. June 1987. p. 95. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- Grundberg, Andy (March 22, 1987). "Camera: A Case for Using Lighter Equipment". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- O'Connor, Thom (May 22, 1987). "Major manufacturers snap into action with autofocusing SLR systems". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- "Fuji GX680 Professional (brochure)" (PDF). Fujifilm Imaging & Information. 1986. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- "Fujifilm GX680 Professional". Fujifilm. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- "Fujifilm GX680 II Professional". Fujifilm. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- "Fujifilm GX680 III Professional / GX680 III S Professional". Fujifilm. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- "GX680III / IIIS Professional" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-08-25.
- Moore, Peter (June 1988). "With the Pro in Mind: Fuji's GX680 Combines View Camera Flexibility with SLR Ease". Modern Photography. Vol. 52. pp. 41–43, 88.
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