Geography of the Czech Republic

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Rolling hills of Králický Sněžník in the northern part of the country

The geography of the Czech Republic is quite varied. Bohemia, at the west part of Czech Republic, consists of a river basin, drained by the Elbe (Czech: Labe) and Vltava rivers. It is surrounded by mostly low mountains such as the Sudetes with its part Krkonoše, containing the highest point in the country, the Sněžka at 1,603 metres (5,259 ft). Moravia, the eastern part, is also quite hilly and is drained predominantly by the Morava river, but also contains the source of the Oder (Czech: Odra) river. Water from the landlocked Czech Republic flows to three different seas: the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea. The Czech Republic also possesses Moldauhafen, a 30,000-square-metre (7.4-acre) enclave in the middle of Hamburg docks, which was awarded to Czechoslovakia by Article 363 of the Treaty of Versailles to allow the landlocked country a place where goods transported down river could be transferred to seagoing ships; this territory reverts to Germany in 2028.



Central Europe, southeast of Germany

Köppen climate classification types of the Czech Republic
Map of the Czech Republic
Natural resources of the Czech Republic. Metals are in blue: Fe — iron ore, PY — pyrite, PM – polymetal ores (Cu, Zn, Pb, etc.), U — uranium. Fossil fuels are in red: C — coal, L — lignite, O – oil. Non-metallic minerals are in green: G — graphite, KA — kaolinite.
Satellite image of the Czech Republic

Geographic coordinates: 49°45′N 15°30′E / 49.750°N 15.500°E / 49.750; 15.500

Map references: Europe


  • total: 78,867 km2 (30,451 sq mi)
  • land: 77,247 km2 (29,825 sq mi)
  • water: 1,620 km2 (630 sq mi)

Area – comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina, USA; slightly larger than Scotland

Land boundaries:

  • total: 2,290 km (1,423 mi)
  • border countries: Austria 466 km (290 mi), Germany 810 km (503 mi),[1] Poland 762 km (473 mi), Slovakia 252 km (157 mi)

Hook, Šluknov Hook, Frýdlant Hook, Broumov Hook, Javorník Hook, Osoblaha Hook, Břeclav Hook (March-Thaya Triangle).

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; hot summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Elevation extremes:

  • lowest point: Elbe River – 115 m (377 ft)
  • highest point: Sněžka – 1,603 m (5,259 ft)

Natural resources: hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, uranium

Land use:

  • arable land: 40.88%
  • permanent crops: 0.98%
  • other: 58.14% (2012 est.)

Irrigated land: 385.3 km2 or 148.8 sq mi0 (2007)

Total renewable water resources: 13.15 km3 (3 cu mi) (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

  • total: 1.7 km3/yr (41%/56%/2%)
  • per capita: 164.7 m3/yr (2009)

Natural hazards: flooding

Environment – international agreements:

Geography – note: landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe

Important cities[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook – Czech Republic". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  2. ^ "2011 census" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 1 January 2015.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website