Gipuzkoa (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Gipuzkoa
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Gipuzkoa).png
Location of Gipuzkoa within Spain
Province Gipuzkoa
Autonomous community Basque Country
Population 716,834 (2016)
Electorate 580,706 (2016)
Major settlements Donostia-San Sebastián, Irún
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 7 (1977–1993)
6 (1993–)

Gipuzkoa (Spanish: Guipúzcoa) is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects six deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Gipuzkoa is currently set at six. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Gipuzkoa 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 3 3
1st 1979
1 1 2 2 1
2nd 1982
1 1 2 3
3rd 1986
2 1 2 2
4th 1989
2 1 1 2 1
5th 1993
1 1 2 1 1
6th 1996
1 1 2 1 1
7th 2000
1 1 2 2
8th 2004
1 2 2 1
9th 2008
3 2 1
10th 2011
3 1 1 1
11th 2015
1 2 1 2
12th 2016
1 2 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Gipuzkoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
United We Can (Podemos/Ahal DuguIUeQuo)1 104,566 28.61 +0.56 2 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 85,015 23.26 –0.20 2 ±0
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu) 69,828 19.11 –1.76 1 ±0
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 51,449 14.08 +0.79 1 ±0
People's Party (PP) 35,312 9.66 +0.96 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 11,683 3.20 –0.55 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,711 0.74 +0.09
Total 365,493 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 365,493 99.46 –0.02
Invalid votes 1,971 0.54 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 367,464 63.28 –4.12
Abstentions 213,242 36.72 +4.12
Registered voters 580,706
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Gipuzkoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
We Can (Podemos/Ahal Dugu) 98,533 25.30 New 2 +2
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 91,359 23.46 +1.08 2 +1
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu)1 81,257 20.87 –13.91 1 –2
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 51,764 13.29 –7.69 1 ±0
People's Party (PP) 33,884 8.70 –5.03 0 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 14,608 3.75 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 10,722 2.75 –0.62 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,537 0.65 –0.48
Total 389,403 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 389,403 99.48 +0.32
Invalid votes 2,030 0.52 –0.32
Votes cast / turnout 391,433 67.40 +1.85
Abstentions 189,292 32.60 –1.85
Registered voters 580,725
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Gipuzkoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Amaiur (Amaiur)1 130,055 34.78 +21.72 3 +3
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 83,703 22.38 –1.38 1 –1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 78,462 20.98 –18.02 1 –2
People's Party (PP) 51,362 13.73 –0.87 1 ±0
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (IU–LV) 12,595 3.37 –1.45 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 5,734 1.53 +0.73 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 4,390 1.17 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,239 1.13 –1.16
Total 373,967 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 373,967 99.16 +0.05
Invalid votes 3,152 0.84 –0.05
Votes cast / turnout 377,119 65.55 +8.17
Abstentions 198,215 34.45 –8.17
Registered voters 575,334
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 127,840 39.00 +12.69 3 +1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 77,903 23.76 –7.20 2 ±0
People's Party (PP) 47,858 14.60 –0.66 1 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 25,455 7.77 –3.76 0 –1
Aralar (Aralar) 17,332 5.29 –0.71 0 ±0
United Left–Greens–Alternative (EB–B) 15,812 4.82 –2.87 0 ±0
Blank ballots 7,513 2.29 +0.81
Total 327,815 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 327,815 99.11 +10.80
Invalid votes 2,958 0.89 –10.80
Votes cast / turnout 330,773 57.38 –15.17
Abstentions 245,728 42.62 +15.17
Registered voters 576,501
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 115,402 30.96 +3.23 2 ±0
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 98,100 26.31 +2.61 2 +1
People's Party (PP) 56,904 15.26 –9.35 1 –1
Basque Solidarity (EA) 42,971 11.53 –2.53 1 ±0
United Left (EB/IU) 28,668 7.69 +3.02 0 ±0
AralarStand up (Aralar–Zutik) 22,352 6.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,509 1.48 –2.11
Total 372,792 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 372,792 88.31 –10.82
Invalid votes 49,329 11.69 +10.82
Votes cast / turnout 422,121 72.55 +16.67
Abstentions 159,697 27.45 –16.67
Registered voters 581,818
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 89,783 27.73 +7.99 2 +1
People's Party (PP) 79,696 24.61 +10.27 2 +1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 76,731 23.70 +1.01 1 –1
Basque Solidarity (EA) 45,525 14.06 –0.63 1 ±0
United Left (EB/IU) 15,107 4.67 –2.58 0 ±0
Blank ballots 11,634 3.59 +1.57
Total 323,825 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 323,825 99.13 –0.23
Invalid votes 2,841 0.87 +0.23
Votes cast / turnout 326,666 55.88 –13.68
Abstentions 257,952 44.12 +13.68
Registered voters 584,618
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 89,645 22.69 –0.54 2 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 77,976 19.74 +2.48 1 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 72,829 18.44 –2.07 1 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 58,030 14.69 –3.22 1 ±0
People's Party (PP) 56,651 14.34 +2.80 1 ±0
United Left (IU/EB) 28,644 7.25 +2.48 0 ±0
Blank ballots 7,998 2.02 –0.34
Total 395,013 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 395,013 99.36 +0.04
Invalid votes 2,549 0.64 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 397,562 69.56 +2.66
Abstentions 173,954 30.44 –2.66
Registered voters 571,516
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE))1 86,410 23.23 –6.97 2 –1
Popular Unity (HB) 76,309 20.51 –1.54 1 –1
Basque Solidarity–Basque Left (EA–EUE) 66,645 17.91 –0.03 1 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 64,195 17.26 +1.09 1 ±0
People's Party (PP) 42,934 11.54 +4.59 1 +1
United Left (IU/EB) 17,733 4.77 +2.81 0 ±0
The Greens (B/LV) 3,703 1.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,775 2.36 +1.73
Total 372,023 100.00 6 –1
Valid votes 372,023 99.32 –0.17
Invalid votes 2,549 0.68 +0.17
Votes cast / turnout 374,572 66.90 +0.58
Abstentions 185,289 33.10 –0.58
Registered voters 559,861
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Popular Unity (HB) 78,138 22.05 –1.00 2 ±0
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 70,183 19.80 –3.34 2 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 63,569 17.94 New 1 +1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 57,290 16.17 –12.49 1 –1
Basque Country Left (EE) 36,857 10.40 –0.32 1 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 24,638 6.95 –1.16 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 7,941 2.24 –1.36 0 ±0
United Left (IU/EB) 6,935 1.96 +1.13 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,229 0.63 +0.15
Total 354,371 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 354,371 99.49 +0.44
Invalid votes 1,803 0.51 –0.44
Votes cast / turnout 356,174 66.32 +0.86
Abstentions 180,867 33.68 –0.86
Registered voters 537,041
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 99,515 28.66 –3.94 2 –1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 80,336 23.14 –2.85 2 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 80,032 23.05 +3.76 2 +1
Basque Country Left (EE) 37,237 10.72 +0.80 1 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 28,155 8.11 –0.03 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 12,487 3.60 +1.93 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,681 0.48 +0.05
Total 347,246 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 347,246 99.05 +0.73
Invalid votes 3,336 0.95 –0.73
Votes cast / turnout 350,582 65.46 –12.66
Abstentions 185,025 34.54 +12.66
Registered voters 535,607
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 125,389 32.60 +6.10 3 +1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 99,972 25.99 +7.78 2 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 74,217 19.29 +1.70 1 ±0
Basque Country Left–Left for Socialism (EE) 38,156 9.92 –2.95 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (APPDPPDLUCD)1 31,308 8.14 –8.28 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 6,407 1.67 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK) 4,844 1.26 –1.79 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,657 0.43 +0.20
Total 384,660 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 384,660 98.32 +0.15
Invalid votes 6,577 1.68 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 391,237 78.12 +12.11
Abstentions 109,583 21.88 –12.11
Registered voters 500,820
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 87,090 26.50 –4.44 2 –1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE)1 59,863 18.21 –11.32 2 –1
Popular Unity (HB)2 57,811 17.59 +11.56 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 50,551 15.38 New 1 +1
Basque Country Left (EE) 42,293 12.87 +3.45 1 ±0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK) 10,034 3.05 –0.58 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 4,754 1.45 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 4,124 1.25 +1.25 0 ±0
Foral Union of the Basque Country (UFV)3 3,419 1.04 –11.80 0 ±0
Blank ballots 761 0.23 –0.12
Total 328,647 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 328,647 98.17 –0.57
Invalid votes 6,126 1.83 +0.57
Votes cast / turnout 334,773 66.01 –10.66
Abstentions 172,369 33.99 +10.66
Registered voters 507,142
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

GipuzkoaMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Guipúzcoa
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 102,494 30.94 3
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 93,010 28.07 3
Basque Country Left (EE) 31,208 9.42 1
United Gipuzkoa (GU) 27,048 8.16 0
Basque Socialist Party (ESB/PSV) 18,167 5.48 0
Basque Christian Democracy (DCV) 16,627 5.02 0
Basque Independent Democrats (DIV) 15,505 4.68 0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK) 12,042 3.63 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 4,841 1.46 0
Front for Workers' Unity (FUT) 3,830 1.16 0
Blank ballots 1,157 0.35
Total 331,292 100.00 7
Valid votes 331,292 98.74
Invalid votes 4,220 1.26
Votes cast / turnout 335,512 76.67
Abstentions 102,080 23.33
Registered voters 437,592
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 43°10′N 2°10′W / 43.167°N 2.167°W / 43.167; -2.167