Gipuzkoa (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Location of Gipuzkoa electoral district in Spain

Gipuzkoa is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It is situated in the Basque Country and the largest city is Donostia-San Sebastián.

Boundaries and electoral system[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Gipuzkoa and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

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Eligibility[edit]

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members[edit]

In the general elections from 1977 until 1989 Gipuzkoareturned seven members. That figure was reduced to six members from the 1993 General Election onwards. Gipuzkoa was one of the few districts whose electorate fell between 2000 and 2004.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) Gipuzkoa had a ratio of 96,970 voters per deputy in 2004 [3] a figure very close to the Spanish average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[4]

Summary of seats won 1977–2008[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 3 2 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3
Euskadiko Ezkerra (EE) 1 1 1 1 1
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 1
Batasuna (HB) 1 1 2 2 1 1
Eusko Alkartasuna (EA) 1 1 1 1 1
People's Party (PP) 1 1 2 1 1

Note: Seats shown for the PP include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and Popular Coalition before 1989. Euskadiko Ezkerra merged with the PSOE after 1989.

Vote share summary 1977–2008[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 30.9 26.5 32.6 28.7 16.2 17.3 19.7 27.7 31.0 23.8
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 28.1 18.2 26.0 23.1 19.8 23.2 22.7 23.7 26.3 39.0
Euskadiko Ezkerra (EE) 9.4 12.9 9.9 10.7 10.4
People's Party (PP) 8.2a 4.2 8.1 8.1 7.0 11.5 14.3 24.6 15.3 14.6
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 15.4
Batasuna (HB) 5.5b 17.6 19.3 23.0 22.1 20.5 18.4
Basque Christian Democracy (DCV) 5.0
Independent Basque Democrats (DIV) 4.7
United Left (IU) 3.6 3.1 1.3 0.8 2.0 4.8 7.3 4.7 7.7 4.8
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1.7 3.6 2.2 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1
Eusko Alkartasuna (EA) 17.9 17.9 14.7 14.1 11.5 7.8
Aralar 6.0 5.3

aThe results correspond to those for the United Gipuzkoa (Guipúzcoa Unida) coalition.
bThe results correspond to those of the Basque Socialist Party (Euskadiko Alderdi Sozialista-Partido Socialista Vasco) which later became a major part of the Batasuna electoral coalition.

Results[edit]

The 2008 election was overshadowed by the killing of a former PSOE councillor by ETA[5] in the town of Mondragón in the district which led to a suspension of campaigning. This appeared to have an impact on the results as PSOE had their largest increase of all 52 districts here, while their next biggest came in the neighbouring districts of Álava and Biscay. Consequently they won three seats for the first time and gained the seat held by Eusko Alkartasuna, who lost their individual representation in Congress (although in 2008 they were represented in Navarre as part of the coalition Navarre Yes).

At any rate, as of 1998 the electoral results can hardly overshadow an anomalous political dynamics as the strongest party in the province along with PNV and the Spanish Socialists, Euskal Herritarrok and similar electoral brands, was outlawed by Spanish tribunals, resulting in a distorted political representation, large abstention, void ballots, and a myriad of new names and coalitions continually coming up onto the political scene.

2008 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 11 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Gipuzkoa.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 127,840 39.00 3
Basque Nationalist Party (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 77,903 23.76 2
People's Party (Partido Popular) 47,858 14.60 1
Eusko Alkartasuna 25,455 7.77 0
Aralar 17,332 5.29 0
United Left 15,812 4.82 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 2,620 0.80 0
Others 5,482 1.70 0

2004 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Gipuzkoa.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Basque Nationalist Party (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 115,402 30.96 2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 98,100 26.31 2
People's Party (Partido Popular) 56,904 15.26 1
Eusko Alkartasuna 42,971 11.53 1
United Left 28,668 7.69 0
Aralar 22,352 6.00 0
Others 2,886 0.80 0

2000 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Gipuzkoa.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Basque Nationalist Party (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 89,783 27.73 2
People's Party (Partido Popular) 79,696 24.61 2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 76,731 23.70 1
Eusko Alkartasuna 45,525 14.06 1
United Left 15,107 4.67 0
Others 5,349 1.70 0

Source:[6]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  3. ^ Gipuzkoa election result 2004
  4. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  5. ^ ETA blamed for killing PSOE former councillor
  6. ^ Interior ministry link to election results