Glasgow to Edinburgh via Falkirk Line
|Glasgow to Edinburgh via Falkirk Line|
Glasgow Queen Street
|Termini||Glasgow Queen Street
|Rolling stock||Class 170
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
Glasgow to Edinburgh
via Falkirk Line
The Glasgow to Edinburgh via Falkirk Line is a mainline railway line linking Glasgow and Edinburgh via Falkirk in Scotland. It is the principal route out of the four rail links between Scotland's two biggest cities, hosting the flagship "Shuttle" service between Glasgow Queen Street and Edinburgh Waverley.
In 1971, the stock provided changed to locomotives fitted for Blue Star multiple working. Initially a mixture of Class 25, Class 27 and Class 37 at each end of a rake of Mark 2 carriages through wired and piped to provide 90 mph (140 km/h) "push-pull" working. This very quickly settled down to a dedicated pool of Class 27 locomotives. These were classified as Class 27/1. Initially steam heating was employed; a number of locomotives were later fitted with Deutz air cooled diesel alternator sets to supply electric heating to the coaches and designated as Class 27/2.
The "push-pull" service was demanding on the Class 27s and reliability started to suffer. In 1980, the push-pull sets were replaced by single Class 47/7s at one end of a rake of Mark 3 carriages and a DBSO operating with TDM system. Also during this period, InterCity provided through services from Glasgow Queen Street to London King's Cross and various West Country destinations, resulting in the use of InterCity 125s on the route.
At this time, the service operated on a half-hourly frequency with all trains stopping at Haymarket and Falkirk High, with alternate trains stopping at Polmont and Linlithgow. Some peak hour trains stopped at Bishopbriggs, Lenzie and Croy. Sunday trains served Falkirk Grahamston.
In 1984 the Polmont rail accident, where a train hit a cow on the track (part of the cow's leg was trapped in the bogie of the train, lifting it off the track) resulted in 13 deaths and 61 injuries. It led to a debate about the safety of push-pull trains.
In the late 1980s with the electrification of the Great Eastern Main Line by British Rail, the DBSO set-up was planned for replacement with Class 158 in four and six car formations, however due to delays in deliveries and the need to release the stock for the Great Eastern Main Line, Class 156 were used for a short period, prior to being put into use on the Far North Line.
Delivery of the Class 170s since 1998 has displaced the Class 158s for other duties, including the Far North Line. Other motive power can be seen as a result of operational considerations including Classes 156 and 158. The "(Glasgow Queen Street-Edinburgh Haymarket) Shuttle" weekday day time service pattern sees a train every 15 minutes from Glasgow/Edinburgh. All trains stop at Falkirk High and Haymarket, with selected trains stopping at Croy, Polmont and Linlithgow.
The Sunday service sees a train every 30 minutes from Glasgow/Edinburgh with all trains calling at Falkirk High and Haymarket and a train every hour at Croy, Polmont and Linlithgow. However, both Linlithgow and Polmont also benefit from the Edinburgh - Dunblane line every half hour on a Sunday.
The route has historic significance as it was Scotland's first inter-city railway, opening on 2 February 1842 as the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway. It later became a key constituent of the North British Railway.
It was announced in 2007 by the Scottish Government that electrification of the route was now a priority, as part of the Edinburgh to Glasgow Improvement Programme. In December 2008, as part of Transport Scotland's 20-year programme of major capital projects, First Minister Alex Salmond announced that contracts for the design of the scheme are to be signed in early 2009.
It is anticipated that the electrification will be completed by late 2016.
- Robertson(1983). Chapter 3, Section II: The essential link: Edinburgh to Glasgow, Pp 99-120.
- Awdry (1990); Page 128.
- Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0049-7. OCLC 19514063.
- Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0086-1. OCLC 22311137.
- Robertson, C. J. A. (1983). The Origins of the Scottish Railway System: 1722-1844 (1st ed.). Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-8597-6088-X.
- RAILSCOT on Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
- "National Rail Timetable; May 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 24 November 2010.
- "National Rail Timetable; December 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 24 November 2010.