Gwen Ifill

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Gwen Ifill
Gwen Ifill PBS Newshour cropped retouched.jpg
Ifill on PBS NewsHour at the Republican National Convention, August 2012
Born Gwendolyn L. Ifill
(1955-09-29)September 29, 1955
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died November 14, 2016(2016-11-14) (aged 61)
Washington, D.C.
Cause of death Endometrial cancer
Education Simmons College
Occupation Journalist, author
Notable credit(s) The New York Times
News Hour with Jim Lehrer
The Washington Post
Washington Week

Gwendolyn L. "Gwen" Ifill (/ˈfəl/;[1] September 29, 1955 – November 14, 2016)[2] was an American Peabody Award-winning journalist, television newscaster, and author. In 1999, she became the first African American woman to host a nationally televised U.S. public affairs program with Washington Week in Review.[3] She was the moderator and managing editor of Washington Week and co-anchor and co-managing editor, with Judy Woodruff, of PBS NewsHour, both of which air on PBS. Ifill was a political analyst and moderated the 2004 and 2008 American vice-presidential debates. She authored the best-selling book The Breakthrough: Politics and Race in the Age of Obama.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Ifill was born in the Queens neighborhood of Jamaica in New York City,[5] the fifth of six children[6] of African Methodist Episcopal (AME) minister (Oliver) Urcille Ifill, Sr., a Panamanian of Barbadian descent who emigrated from Panama, and Eleanor Ifill, who was from Barbados.[7][8] Her father's ministry required the family to live in several cities in New England and on the Eastern Seaboard during her youth, where he pastored AME churches.[9] As a child, she lived in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts church parsonages and in federally-subsidized housing in Buffalo and New York City.[10] She graduated in 1977 with a Bachelor of Arts in communications from Simmons College, a women's college in Boston, Massachusetts.[11]

Career[edit]

While at Simmons College, Ifill interned for the Boston Herald-American. One day at work, she discovered a note on her desk that read, "Nigger go home." After showing the note to editors at the newspaper, who "were horrified", they offered her a job when she graduated from college in 1977.[12][10] Ifill's close friend Michele Norris said that Ifill "said that was really unfortunate, but I have work to do and that's how — that's how she got the job. She didn't get the job out of sympathy. She got the job because she didn't let that slow her down."[12]

Ifill went on to work for the Baltimore Evening Sun from 1981 to 1984 and for the Washington Post from 1984 to 1991.[10] She left the Post after being told she wasn't ready to cover Capitol Hill, but was hired by The New York Times where she covered The White House from 1991 to 1994.[10][12] Her first job in television was with NBC, where she was the network's Capitol Hill reporter in 1994.[10][12]

In October 1999, she became the moderator of the PBS program Washington Week in Review, the first black woman to host a national political talk show on television.[12] She was a senior correspondent for PBS NewsHour. Ifill appeared on various news shows, including Meet the Press,[13] Face the Nation, [14] The Colbert Report,[15] Charlie Rose,[16] Inside Washington, [17] and The Tavis Smiley Show.[18] In November 2006, she co-hosted Jamestown Live!, an educational webcast commemorating the 400th anniversary of Jamestown, Virginia.[19]

Ifill served on the boards of the Harvard Institute of Politics, the Committee to Protect Journalists, the Museum of Television and Radio, and the University of Maryland's Philip Merrill College of Journalism.[13][20]

2004 and 2008 vice-presidential debates[edit]

Ifill at the 2015 LBJ Liberty & Justice for All Award in Washington, D.C.

On October 5, 2004, Ifill moderated the vice-presidential debate between the Republican Vice President Dick Cheney and the Democratic candidate and U.S. Senator from North Carolina John Edwards. Howard Kurtz described the consensus that Ifill "acquitted herself well" as moderator.[21] She was the first black woman to moderate a vice-presidential debate.[12]

Ifill also moderated the vice-presidential debate on October 2, 2008, between the Democratic U.S. Senator from Delaware Joe Biden and the Republican governor of Alaska, Sarah Palin, at Washington University, in St. Louis.[22] The debate's format offered Ifill freedom to cover domestic and international issues.[23]

Before the 2008 debate, Ifill's objectivity was questioned by conservative talk radio, blogs, and cable news programs and some independent media analysts because of her book The Breakthrough: Politics and Race in the Age of Obama, which was scheduled to be released on Inauguration Day 2009, but whose contents had not been disclosed to the debate commission or the campaigns.[24] The book was mentioned in the Washington Times and appeared in trade catalogues as early as July 2008, well before Ifill was selected by the debate committee.[25] Several analysts viewed Ifill's book as creating a conflict of interest, including Kelly McBride of the Poynter Institute for Media Studies, who said, “Obviously the book will be much more valuable to her if Obama is elected.”[24] John McCain, the Republican presidential nominee, said in an interview on Fox News Channel, "I think she will do a totally objective job because she is a highly respected professional." Asked about the forthcoming book, McCain responded, "Does this help...if she has written a book that's favorable to Senator Obama? Probably not. But I have confidence that Gwen Ifill will do a professional job."[26]

"No one's ever assumed a white reporter can't cover a white candidate."

— Gwen Ifill[10]

To critics, Ifill responded, "I've got a pretty long track record covering politics and news, so I'm not particularly worried that one-day blog chatter is going to destroy my reputation. The proof is in the pudding. They can watch the debate tomorrow night and make their own decisions about whether or not I've done my job."[27]

After the debate, Ifill received praise for her performance. The Boston Globe reported that she received "high marks for equal treatment of the candidates".[28][29]

Ifill's moderation of the debates won her pop-culture recognition when the debates were parodied on Saturday Night Live, with Queen Latifah portraying Ifill. PBS ombudsman Michael Getler twice wrote about letters he received complaining of bias in Ifill's news coverage. He dismissed complaints that Ifill appeared insufficiently enthusiastic about Sarah Palin's speech at the 2008 Republican National Convention, and concluded that Ifill had played a "solid, in my view, and central role in PBS coverage of both conventions".[30]

2009–2016[edit]

In September 2011, Ifill was a presenter at the 32nd News & Documentary Emmy Awards.[31]

On August 6, 2013, NewsHour named Ifill and Judy Woodruff as co-anchors and co-managing editors. They shared anchor duties Monday through Thursday; Woodruff was the sole anchor on Friday.[32] In November 2015, Ifill was the master of ceremonies at the 2015 LBJ Liberty & Justice For All Award ceremony.[33]

In February 2016, she and Woodruff, moderating the debate between Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders, became the first team of women to moderate a Democratic presidential debate.[34]

Published works[edit]

Ifill's book The Breakthrough: Politics and Race in the Age of Obama was published on January 20, 2009, the Inauguration Day of President Barack Obama.[35][36] The book focused on several African-American politicians, including Obama and other up-and-comers such as Deval Patrick (then the governor of Massachusetts) and Cory Booker (then the mayor of Newark, New Jersey). The publisher, Random House, described the book as showing "why this is a pivotal moment in American history" through interviews with black power brokers and through Ifill's observations and analysis of issues. The book was a New York Times best-seller.[37][38]

Honors and awards[edit]

Ifill was awarded the Women in Film and Video Women of Vision Award in 2000.[39] In 2004, she received the Gracie Allen Tribute Award from the Foundation for American Women in Radio and Television.[40]

Ifill at the 2009 Peabody Awards ceremony

She was awarded a Peabody Award in 2008 for her work on Washington Week.[41] In 2009 she was honored with the First Amendment Award by Ford Hall Forum [42] and Harvard University honored her the same year with the Goldsmith Career Award for Excellence in Journalism.[43] The following year she received the 17th Fred Friendly First Amendment Award from Quinnipiac University.[44] On February 7, 2011, Ifill was named an honorary member of Delta Sigma Theta during the sorority's 22nd Annual Delta Days in Washington, D.C.[45]

In 2012, Ifill was inducted into the National Association of Black Journalists Hall of Fame.[46] In 2014 she was awarded the Al Neuharth Award for Excellence in Journalism.[47]

Her work on the PBS town hall special America After Ferguson earned her a nomination for Outstanding Host in a Talk, Reality, News/ Information or Variety (Series or Special) at the 46th NAACP Image Awards.[48]

In November 2015 she accepted the Lifetime Achievement award from the Women's Media Center at the annual Women's Media Awards ceremony.[49] She received the Fourth Estate Award from the National Press Club in 2015.[50] Columbia University awarded Ifill the John Chancellor Award for Excellence in Journalism in 2016, but she died two days before the scheduled ceremony.[51]

Ifill received more than 20 honorary doctorates from universities around the world, including Georgetown University,[52] Smith College,[53] Bates College[54] and Skidmore College.[55] In May 2011 she served as a commencement speaker at Morehouse College.[56]

Personal life[edit]

Ifill attended Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church from 1989 until her death. She was close with her large extended family. Ifill socialized with Washington luminaries as well as colleagues and was noted to have supported and mentored young journalists.[57] In her spare time, Ifill was an avid reader.[58] Ifill never married and had no children.[59]

Death[edit]

Ifill died of breast and endometrial cancer on November 14, 2016, at age 61.[2][60] According to CNN she spent her final days at a Washington, D.C. hospice, surrounded by family and friends.[61]

On November 15, PBS NewsHour "devote[d] our show to Gwen Ifill, who died Monday after a battle with cancer" and suspended all but a token moment of daily news to pay tribute. During the course of the week, this developed into series of tributes on various PBS NewsHours as "Remembering Gwen."[62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69] Sara Just of PBS and WETA-TV called Ifill "a journalist's journalist".[70]

U.S. President Barack Obama extended his condolences to Ifill's family, saying that he "always appreciated [her] reporting even when [he] was at the receiving end of one of her tough interviews".[71] Speaker of the House Paul Ryan, in expressing his condolences, described Ifill as "an incredibly talented and respected journalist".[72] First Lady Michelle Obama was among the thousands of mourners who attended Ifill's funeral at the Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church in Washington, DC.[73]

References[edit]

  1. ^ US dict: gwĕn′·də·lĭn īf′·əl
  2. ^ a b Sutton, Kelsey; Gold, Hadas (2016-11-14). "Gwen Ifill dead at age 61". Politico. Retrieved 2016-11-14. 
  3. ^ Byers, Dylan (November 15, 2016). "PBS newscaster Gwen Ifill has died". CNN. Retrieved November 16, 2016. 
  4. ^ Jones, Vanessa E. (March 5, 2009). "Breaking through". Boston.com. The Boston Globe. Retrieved November 14, 2016. 
  5. ^ Roberts, Sam. "Gwen Ifill, Groundbreaking Reporter, Dies at 61". The New York Times. November 15, 2016. p. A1.
  6. ^ "After Words with Gwen Ifill". After Words. 2009-01-31. C-SPAN. 
  7. ^ "Gwen Ifill Biography". Biography. 2008. Retrieved September 18, 2008. 
  8. ^ Carol Brennan (2008). "Black Biography: Gwen Ifill". Contemporary Black Biography. Gale Group. Retrieved September 18, 2008. 
  9. ^ Specter, Michael (December 2, 1991). "O. Urcille Ifill Sr., 70, a Leader Of a Black Church and of Causes". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2016. [H]e was a pastor at A.M.E. churches in New York City; Buffalo; Springfield, Mass., and in two small Pennsylvania communities before moving to Philadelphia. There, he served for a decade as pastor of the A.M.E. Union Church. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Suddath, Claire (October 2, 2008). "Debate Moderator Gwen Ifill". Time. Retrieved October 3, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Gwen Ifill". The Notable Names Database. nndb.com. 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Deggans, Eric (November 15, 2016). "Veteran Washington Journalist Gwen Ifill Dies At 61". NPR. Retrieved November 16, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Russert, Tim; Broder, David; Dickerson, John; Ifill, Gwen; Mitchell, Andrea; Wolffe, Richard (April 27, 2008). "Political Roundtable". Meet the Press (transcript). NBC. Retrieved April 27, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Face the Nation Transcripts September 13: Trump, Carson & a Battleground Tracker Poll". CBS. September 13, 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  15. ^ "Gwen Ifill & Judy Woodruff". The Colbert Show. October 23, 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  16. ^ "Gwen Ifill". Charlie Rose. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  17. ^ ""Inside Washington" Joins WETA TV 26 Friday Night Lineup". WETA. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  18. ^ "Gwen Ifill". IMDB. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  19. ^ Reklaitis, Victor (October 11, 2006). "PBS journalist to host webcast from Jamestown". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  20. ^ Yu, Roger (November 14, 2016). "Prominent PBS journalist Gwen Ifill dies". USA Today. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  21. ^ Kurtz, Howard (September 4, 2008). "In a Historic Year, Ifill Has One Thing to Do: Her Job". Washington Post. p. A24. Retrieved October 5, 2008. 
  22. ^ Santucci, John (August 5, 2008). "Who Gets to Ask the Tough Questions?". ABC News. Retrieved August 5, 2008. 
  23. ^ Bauder, Dabid (September 21, 2008). "Ifill Hits Jackpot in Moderating VP Debate". The Washington Post. The Associated Press. Retrieved October 4, 2008. 
  24. ^ a b Rutenberg, Jim (October 2, 2008). "Moderator's Planned Book Becomes a Topic of Debate". The New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2008. 
  25. ^ "Today on the Presidential Campaign Trail". Washington Times. July 25, 2008. 
  26. ^ "VP Debate Moderator Accused of Bias". Boston Globe. October 2, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2008. 
  27. ^ "Questions Raised About Moderator's Impartiality". Associated Press, October 1, 2008.
  28. ^ Foon Rhee (October 3, 2008). "Ifill Proves the Critics Wrong". Boston Globe. Retrieved October 3, 2008. 
  29. ^ Rainey, James (October 3, 2008). "Gwen Ifill Was a True Journalist: Fair". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 3, 2008. 
  30. ^ Getler, Michael (September 5, 2008). "Ombudsman's Mailbag". The Ombudsman Column. PBS. Retrieved February 2, 2009. 
  31. ^ "The National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Announces Winners at the 32nd Annual News & Documentary Emmy Awards". The National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Gwen Ifill, Judy Woodruff to Co-Anchor 'Newshour'". AP. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  33. ^ "2015 LBJ Liberty & Justice for All Award". Lyndon B. Johnson Library. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  34. ^ Gold, Hadas (February 12, 2016). "A very PBS debate". Politico. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  35. ^ Calderone, Michael (October 1, 2008). "Ifill's Book Was No Secret". Politico. Retrieved October 4, 2008. 
  36. ^ Mantyk, Evan (October 1, 2008). "VP Debate Moderator Writing Pro-Obama Book". Epoch Times. Retrieved October 4, 2008. 
  37. ^ Boynton, Robert S. (January 16, 2009). "Demographics and Destiny". The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  38. ^ "NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. Mourns Passing of Trailblazing Journalist Gwen Ifill". NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  39. ^ "Women of Vision Awards". Women in Film & Video. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  40. ^ "Awards". PBS. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  41. ^ "Washington Week with Gwen Ifill & National Journal (PBS)". Peabody Awards. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  42. ^ "First Amendment Award History". Ford Hall Forum. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  43. ^ "Gwen Ifill to Receive the Goldsmith Career Award for Excellence in Journalism". Harvard University. Retrieved 15 November 2016. 
  44. ^ "Gwen Ifill Accepts First Amendment Award". Ad Week. June 15, 2010. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  45. ^ "Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Celebrates Centennial". Ebony. January 14, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  46. ^ "Hall of Fame 2012". National Association of Black Journalists. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  47. ^ "Al Neuharth Award for Excellence in the Media". Newseum Institute. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  48. ^ "NAACP Image Awards: The Winners". Hollywood Reporter. February 6, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  49. ^ "PBS journalist Gwen Ifill dies of cancer". Fox 6. November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  50. ^ "Past Fourth Estate Award Winners". The National Press Club. Retrieved November 14, 2016. 
  51. ^ "2016 John Chancellor Award". Columbia University. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  52. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients". Georgetown University. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  53. ^ Hudzik, Sam (November 14, 2016). "Barrier-Breaking Journalist Gwen Ifill, A Onetime Springfield Resident, Dies". New England Public Radio. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  54. ^ "List of Honorary Degree Recipients". Bates College. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  55. ^ "Skidmore College to honor Clive Gillinson, Gwen Ifill, Gregory Howard Williams with honorary degrees at 99th commencement". Saratogian. May 10, 2010. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  56. ^ "Inside Morehouse" (PDF). Morehouse College. May 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  57. ^ Alcindor, Yamiche (November 19, 2016). "Thousands of Mourners Celebrate Gwen Ifill's Tenacity and Grace". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 27, 2016. 
  58. ^ Winter, Jessica (2009). "The Great Moderator: Gwen Ifill on Witnessing History". Oprah.com. Retrieved November 27, 2016. 
  59. ^ Bernstein, Adam (November 14, 2016). "Gwen Ifill, PBS journalist, dies of cancer at age 61, PBS says". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2016. 
  60. ^ ""PBS NewsHour" Anchor Ifill Loses Breast Cancer Battle". msn.com. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  61. ^ Byers, Dylan; Stelter, Bryan (November 15, 2016). PBS newscaster Gwen Ifill has died. cnn.com.
  62. ^ "Remembering Gwen". PBS News Hour. November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  63. ^ "Gwen Ifill, 61, PBS journalist who covered history and made history". PBS News Hour. 14 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  64. ^ "Gwen Ifill on being a little girl transfixed by news". PBS News Hour. 14 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  65. ^ "What Gwen Ifill Meant to Us". PBS News Hour. 15 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  66. ^ "Remembering Gwen". PBS News Hour. 15 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  67. ^ "Remembering Gwen". PBS News Hour. 15 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  68. ^ "What Gwen Ifill taught us". PBS News Hour. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  69. ^ "The Cosmic Power of Gwen Ifill". PBS News Hour. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  70. ^ Holloway, Daniel (November 14, 2016). "Gwen Ifill, Longtime PBS Journalist, Dies at 61". variety.com. Retrieved November 14, 2016. 
  71. ^ "Obama: Gwen Ifill Informed Citizens and Inspired Journalists". washingtonpost.com. November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2016. 
  72. ^ "U.S. Journalist and PBS Anchor Gwen Ifill Dies at 61". Reuters. November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2016. 
  73. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/20/us/gwen-ifill-funeral.html?_r=0

External links[edit]