HaiYang (Chinese: 海洋; "ocean"), abbreviated HY, is a series of marine remote sensing satellites developed and operated by China since 2002. As of October 2018[update], five satellites were launched and four more are planned. The HaiYang series is operated by NSOAS (National Satellite Ocean Application Service), a subordinate agency of the State Oceanic Administration.
Current and previous satellites
|Launch date||Satellites||Vehicle||Orbit||In use||Sensors|
|2002-05-15||HY-1A||CZ-4B||SSO||No||COCTS (Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner), CZI (Coastal Zone Imager)|
|2007-04-11||HY-1B||CZ-2C||SSO||Yes||COCTS (Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner), CZI (Coastal Zone Imager)|
|2011-08-16||HY-2A||CZ-4B||SSO||Yes||MWRI (Microwave Radiometer Imager), RA (Radar Altimeter), Ku-RFSCAT (Ku-Band Rotational Fan-beam Scatterometer)|
|2018-09-06||HY-1C||CZ-2C||SSO||Yes||Detection of chlorophyll, sediment concentrations and dissolved organic matter. Surface temperature measurements.|
- Krebs, Gunter. "HY 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- Krebs, Gunter. "HY 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- IANS (7 September 2018). "China launches new marine satellite HY-1C on Long March-2C rocket". Financial Express. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- HaiYang Satellite Products
- AVISO+ current missions HY-2
- Haiyang satellite programme (in Chinese)