Dongfeng Street in Downtown Weifang
Location of Weifang City jurisdiction in Shandong
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Kuiwen District|
|• Mayor||Liu Shuguang|
|• Prefecture-level city||16,143.14 km2 (6,232.90 sq mi)|
|• Urban||2,646.1 km2 (1,021.7 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,746.6 km2 (1,446.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||32 m (106 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||9,086,241|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|• Major nationalities||Han Chinese|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
261300, 261500, 262100, 262200, 262400-262700
|License plate prefixes||鲁G &鲁V|
|GDP||CNY 478.67 billion (2014)|
|Coastline||113 kilometres (70 mi)|
Weifang (simplified Chinese: 潍坊; traditional Chinese: 濰坊; pinyin: Wéifāng) is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It borders Dongying to the northwest, Zibo to the west, Linyi to the southwest, Rizhao to the south, Qingdao to the east, and looks out to the Laizhou Bay to the north. Its population was 9,086,241 at the 2010 census whom 2,659,938 in the built-up (or metro) area made up of 4 urban districts (Kuiwen, Weicheng, Hanting and Fangzi) and Changle County largely being urbanized.
Weifang is a historical city with well-known figures. Emperor Shun of the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period, the politician Yan Ying of the Spring and Autumn Period, the Confucian scholar Zheng Xuan of the Eastern Han Dynasty and the agriculturist Jia Simiao of the Northern Wei Dynasty were all from Weifang. Kong Rong, Fan Zhongyan, Ouyang Xiu, Su Dongpo, Zheng Banqiao, et al. have worked in Weifang historically. In more recent years, revolutionists, writers and artists, such as Wang Jinmei, Chen Shaomin, Wang Yuanjian, Wang Tongzhao, Zang Kejia are well known in China.
Weifang also has numerous historical relics and other tourist sites, such as Shihu Garden (from the Late Ming and early Qing Dynasty), Fangong Pavilion (from the Song Dynasty), fossil sites (including dinosaur fossils, in Shanwang, Linqu), Mount Yi National Forest Park, Mount Qingyun and the Old Dragon Spring. Painted New Year woodcuts from Yangjiabu are also well known.
- Weicheng District (潍城区)
- Kuiwen District (奎文区)
- Fangzi District (坊子区)
- Hanting District (寒亭区)
- Qingzhou City (青州市)
- Zhucheng City (诸城市)
- Shouguang City (寿光市)
- Anqiu City (安丘市)
- Gaomi City (高密市)
- Changyi City (昌邑市)
- Changle County (昌乐县)
- Linqu County (临朐县)
Weifang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season climate, on the very borderline between humid continental and humid subtropical (Köppen Dwa/Cwa, respectively), with hot, humid summers, and cold but dry winters. Monthly daily average temperatures range from −2.9 °C (26.8 °F) in January to 26.2 °C (79.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 12.49 °C (54.5 °F). More than 70% of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September, and sunshine is generally abundant year-round. A majority of the annual precipitation occurs in July and August alone. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 47% in July to 62% in April, the city receives 2,536 hours of bright sunshine annually, sunshine is abundant except during the summer months.
|Climate data for Weifang (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||3.1
|Average low °C (°F)||−7.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||7.0
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||3.4||3.9||4.0||5.6||6.4||8.4||12.5||10.2||6.8||5.9||4.8||3.7||75.6|
|Avg. relative humidity (%)||63||61||58||58||62||66||80||81||73||69||67||64||66.8|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||176.4||176.1||215.6||241.9||267.7||241.8||208.8||221.1||222.9||211.5||179.6||172.9||2,536.3|
|Percent possible sunshine||58||58||58||62||61||55||47||53||60||61||59||58||57|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Weifang Binhai Economic & Technological Development Area (BEDA).
Established in August 1995, Weifang Binhai Economic & Technological Development Area (BEDA) is a national economic and technological development area approved by the State Council. Covering an area of 677 km2 (261 sq mi), BEDA has a population of 100,000. BEDA possesses a large state-owned industrial land for use with an area of 400 km2 (150 sq mi). The land can be transacted conveniently which would guarantee the demand of any project construction and provide broad development space for the enterprises in the area. Continuously, BEDA has been accredited as National Demonstration Zone invigorating the Sea by Science and Technology, National Innovation Base for Rejuvenating Trade through Science and Technology and National Demonstration Eco-Industry Park.
In the 1980s, a large sapphire mine was discovered in Changle (昌乐县). According to released information, billions of carats of sapphire are estimated to lie under the 450 km2 mine territory. It has become one of the top four sapphire mines in the world. The main feature of this sapphire is dark blue or close to black because of the rich of iron.
Weifang is headquarters of the 26th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defense of the Yellow River Plain.
Kite flying is a traditional custom among the people in Weifang in spring time. In 1984, the first international kite festival was held in Weifang. More than ten thousand kite fans attended the opening ceremony. People from eleven different countries and regions, including the United States and Canada, took part in the festival, flying kites. Since then, Weifang holds the Weifang International Kite Festival each year. It is held each April.
Annual Board of Yangjiabu (杨家埠木版年画), one of the three most famous Chinese folk paintings in history, began from the end of the Ming Dynasty. It reached the peak of its development during the Qing Dynasty. People usually replace the old Annual Broads with the new ones on the eve of Spring Festival, which is the most important festival in China, in order to give blessings to the family and friends for the following year. The subjects of Annual Board of Yangjiabu are various, which include flowers, beauties, landscapes, characters from myths and legends. The architecture skills such as concise lines and bright colors reflect the distinctive characteristics of people in Weifang.
Papercutting, the art of cutting paper designs, has a history of over in the city of Gaomi. This widespread handicraft has unique styles, such as strong contrast in color, straight and simple line and exaggerated outline. The characters mostly come from the dramatic stories, flowers and birds, as well as some fantastic symbols.
- Ji-Ya Hele ("鸡鸭和乐") Weifang Ji-Ya Hele is said to have originated in Shanxi Province, China. Later on, it was brought to Weifang, Shandong Province. The name "Hele" (和乐), a kind of noodle, was developed from the word "Helou" (河漏), a noodle name once used in history.
Weifang Ji-Ya Hele is cooked with various ingredients, stewed with chicken and duck soup. To make delicious "Hele" Noodles, we need to put the "Hele" noodles into the pot. After it is fully boiled, add chicken, duck, Sliced Meatball, salted vegetables and spicy oil in the noodles. In 1997, Ji-Ya Hele was honored as a "Chinese Famous Snack" by China Cuisine Association.
- Zheng Xuan (127–200), Eastern Han Dynasty Confucian scholar
- Liu Yong (1719–1805), renowned Qing Dynasty bureaucrat
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Weifang.|
- Government website of Weifang (in Simplified Chinese)
- Official website of the Weifang International Kite Festival (in Simplified Chinese)
- Yangjiabu Nianhua (in Simplified Chinese)
- Weifang Medical University students website (in Simplified Chinese)
- Weifang News (In Simplified Chinese)
- Weifang Information (In Simplified Chinese)
- Weifang Binhai (In Simplified Chinese)