Harlington, London

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Harlington
Church of S. Peter & S. Paul, Harlington & war memorial, late August 2013.jpg
The Grade I Listed parish church is the oldest of the listed buildings in Harlington. The War Memorial was designed by C. O. Scott.
Harlington is located in Greater London
Harlington
Harlington
 Harlington shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ085775
   – Charing Cross 13.5 mi (21.7 km)  E
London borough Hillingdon
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HAYES
Postcode district UB3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Hayes and Harlington
London Assembly Ealing and Hillingdon
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°29′09″N 0°26′11″W / 51.4859°N 0.4364°W / 51.4859; -0.4364

Harlington is a district of the London Borough of Hillingdon, on the northern perimeter of London Heathrow Airport. It is centred 13.6 miles (21.9 km) west of Charing Cross. The district adjoins Hayes to the north and shares a railway station with the larger district, which is its post town, on the Great Western Main Line.

Etymology[edit]

The place-name Harlington is recorded in Anglo-Saxon as Hygereding tun: "Hygerǣd's people's farmstead".

History[edit]

Bolingbroke and Ossulston's demolished Dawley House, north-west of the station

The earliest surviving mention of Harlington appears to be in a 9th-century charter in which land at Botwell in Hayes was said to be bounded on the west by "Hygeredington" and "Lullinges" tree. The first of these must be Harlington; the second has not been identified. The boundary between Hayes and Harlington, which may thus have been defined by the date of this charter, was later marked by North Hyde Road and Dawley Road, but Dawley Road may not have followed the boundary before the 18th century.[1]

Dawley Court, Goulds Green, was home to four generations of the landed De Salis family, who also owned land outside of the parish and most of whom have monuments in the churchyard. It was demolished in 1929.[1] From 1930 to 1965 Harlington formed part of Hayes and Harlington Urban District. The urban district council's cemetery in Cherry Lane was opened in 1936. Harlington was in Middlesex, until the county was abolished in 1965.

See the entry for Hayes for more detailed local history.

Present day[edit]

Harlington Library is towards the north of the village/district. The village contains six public houses: Captain Morgans', The Great Western, The Pheasant, The Red Lion, The Wheatsheaf, and The White Hart. There are two churches, a baptist church and a Church of England church, St Peter & St Paul's.

Hellenic Imperial Airways has its United Kingdom offices in Axis House in Harlington.[2] Harlington Locomotive Society on the High Street of the village - operates a trestle railway around the site of an old orchard.Harlington is covered by a community radio station: 91.8 Hayes FM, which is licensed with the national authority.

Bridge (196) over the Grand Union and Junction Canal at Dawley, Harlington, 2014.
Northern end of the Parish: the Dawley Wall, from the inside, 2014.

Churches[edit]

The Woolpack, on the Dawley Road and by the canal, 2014.
Old building, Harlington, 2014.
S. Peter & S. Paul's church hall, 2014.
Great Western Railway and part of the former HMV & EMI factory at Harlington, looking east, 2014.
Close up, the Dawley Wall, 2014.

Transport[edit]

London is centred 13.6 miles (21.9 km) east. The area its train station by the part of Harlington that is coterminous with larger Hayes to the north and by the following public transport.[3] Buses connect the village to Slough, Hounslow, Northolt, Feltham, Greenford, Kingston, Harrow Weald, Uxbridge, and Heathrow Airport.

Cottage Hospital[edit]

(Harlington, Harmondsworth and Cranford Cottage Hospital)

Listed buildings[edit]

name type built use and main features
Church of St. Peter & St. Paul Religious 12th century Christian faith centre.
Veysey's Farm Farm late 18th century Mixed agricultural/nature
Shackle's Barn Agricultural early 1800s Scouts headquarters
Barn at Manor Farm Agricultural Restored in the 1970s, used as offices, timber-framed
Small hospital (Sipson Lane) Social 1884 Hindu faith centre.
Dower House (High Street) House 16th century Timber framed building
Harlington Baptist Church Religious 1879 Christian faith centre.
Part of a Thomas Kitchin map of Middlesex showing Dawley and Harlington, c. 1770.
Tower of church of Saints Peter & Saint Paul, 2014, from the south.

Former listed buildings in the parish[edit]

name type built demolished (exact or between dates) use
Dawley Manor Farm House 17th century 1962 M4 motorway and part of St Peter's Way
Shackle's House House early 1800s 1960-1970 Pembury Court (street)
Harlington rectory House Victorian 1970 Homes and the new church hall
Old Church Hall Church hall early 1900s 1970 Was in rectory grounds. Houses.
Bletchmore House House 1970-1980 Bletchmore Close
Woodlands Farmhouse House 1960-1965 178-182 High Street
Poplar House House 18th century 1970-1975 Felbridge Court (apartments)

Manor Farm was demolished between 1930 and 1940 and pre-dated the possibility of statutory listing. It is the site of shops in Manor Parade and adjoining residential roads.

Nearest places[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Lady De Tabley is buried alongside her eldest daughter in the SS Peter & Paul graveyard.
  • Former professional footballer and football manager Paul Goddard was born in Harlington
  • Rev. Count Henry Jerome de Salis, DD, FRS, appointed by his parents 'Game keeper of and for their said manor of Dally otherwise Dawley, near Hayes, Middlesex', from 13 June 1775.[4]

Sources[edit]

  • Harlington and Harmondsworth, by Philip Sherwood, Tempus, Stroud, 2002.
  • Victorian Harlington, Hayes and Harlington Local History Society, 1985.

References[edit]

Harlington's church and garage, from the south-east, 2014.
  1. ^ a b Susan Reynolds (ed.), A History of the County of Middlesex, vol. 3 (1962)
  2. ^ "Contact Us." Hellenic Imperial Airways. Retrieved on 10 May 2011. "London / United Kingdom Hellenic Imperial Airways Axis House 242 Bath Road Harlington UB3 5AY"
  3. ^ Grid Reference Finder distance tools
  4. ^ Fane De Salis MSS.