Harlington, London

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Harlington
Church of S. Peter & S. Paul, Harlington & war memorial, late August 2013.jpg
The Grade I Listed parish church is the oldest of the listed buildings in Harlington. The War Memorial was designed by C. O. Scott.
Harlington is located in Greater London
Harlington
Harlington
 Harlington shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ085775
   – Charing Cross 13.5 mi (21.7 km)  E
London borough Hillingdon
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HAYES
Postcode district UB3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Hayes and Harlington
London Assembly Ealing and Hillingdon
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°29′09″N 0°26′11″W / 51.4859°N 0.4364°W / 51.4859; -0.4364

Harlington is a district of the London Borough of Hillingdon, on the northern perimeter of London Heathrow Airport. It is centred 13.6 miles (21.9 km) west of Charing Cross. The district adjoins Hayes to the north and shares a railway station with the larger district, which is its post town, on the Great Western Main Line.

Harlington as seen on Ordnance Survey map sheet 71, 1822–1890, with railway added 1891.

Etymology[edit]

The place-name Harlington is recorded in Anglo-Saxon as Hygereding tun: "Hygerǣd's people's farmstead".

History[edit]

Bolingbroke and Ossulston's demolished Dawley House, north-west of the station
Photograph of Dawley House and barns, Harlington, 1902. (Between the Great Western Railway and the canal). This was the remains of the house of Bolingbroke and Ossulston. It can be seen to the east or right of the mansion in the print.
Dawley House, Harlington, c. 1902. This was the remains of the house of Bolingbroke and Ossulston. It can be seen to the east or right of the mansion in the print.
Photograph of Dawley House, in the spring of 1902.

The earliest surviving mention of Harlington appears to be in a 9th-century charter in which land at Botwell in Hayes was said to be bounded on the west by "Hygeredington" and "Lullinges" tree. The first of these must be Harlington; the second has not been identified. The boundary between Hayes and Harlington, which may thus have been defined by the date of this charter, was later marked by North Hyde Road and Dawley Road, but Dawley Road may not have followed the boundary before the 18th century.[1]

Administrative history[edit]

By 1834 the select vestry (informally known simply as the vestry) employed a paid assistant overseer. In 1824 a surgeon for the poor of Cranford and Harlington was appointed by the vestries of both. Their later co-operation saw the establishment of Harlington's National School jointly with in 1848, and its cottage hospital jointly with Cranford and Harmondsworth in 1884.

Dates Entities
c. 1840 Harlington Parish then Civil Parish
1872 Staines Rural Sanitary District
1889 Middlesex County Council
1894 Staines Rural District
1930 Hayes and Harlington Urban District
1965 London Borough of Hillingdon Hillingdon L.B. with Mayor of London, London Assembly and predecessor[2]

In 1924 the civil parish council (CPC) asked Staines Rural District Council (RDC) to light the village street and this was done a year later. The cemetery in Cherry Lane was opened in 1936 by the UDC and the CPC started its first allotments in 1895 but rejected proposals to acquire a recreation ground or parish hall. See the entry for Hayes for the later detailed local history.[1]

Sanitation[edit]

The chief task from 1872 for local government was the making of sewers in villages beyond a handful of homes such as this. Sewerage had been discussed in the vestry as long ago as 1864. The increase of population in the 20th century, growing preference for flush toilets and prohibitions on ground water contamination made the need for proper sanitation more urgent. In 1912, for instance, there were said to have been eleven cases of typhoid near the 'White Hart', and there was an outbreak of diphtheria in 1916. During the 1920s the RDC made plans for constructing sewers, and the relative cost of their scheme and of schemes proposed by Hayes Urban District Council largely influenced the parish council's views on local government reorganization. In the end the council seem to have acquiesced peacefully in the amalgamation with Hayes that took place in 1930, only on the grounds that this seemed to provide the best and cheapest chance of sewers being constructed soon. A sewerage scheme for the parish was completed by Hayes and Harlington Urban District Council in 1934.[1]

Present day[edit]

Harlington Library is towards the north of the village/district. The village contains six public houses: Captain Morgans', The Great Western, The Pheasant, The Red Lion, The Wheatsheaf, and The White Hart. There are two churches, a Baptist church and a Church of England church, St Peter & St Paul's. Schools include Harlington School.

Hellenic Imperial Airways has its United Kingdom offices in Axis House in Harlington.[3] Harlington Locomotive Society on the High Street of the village - operates a trestle railway around the site of an old orchard. Harlington is covered by a community radio station: 91.8 Hayes FM, which is licensed with the national authority.

Bridge (196) over the Grand Union and Junction Canal at Dawley, Harlington, 2014.
Northern end of the Parish: the Dawley Wall, from the inside, 2014.

Churches[edit]

The Woolpack, on the Dawley Road and by the canal, 2014.
Old building, Harlington, 2014.
S. Peter & S. Paul's church hall, 2014.
Great Western Railway and part of the former HMV & EMI factory at Harlington, looking east, 2014.
Close up, the Dawley Wall, 2014.

Transport[edit]

London is centred 13.6 miles (21.9 km) east. The area has its own train station but it is up north in Hayes, you can catch a train to London Paddington via Ealling or a train to Reading via West Drayton. on other way of transport is to use buses with over 20 bus routes operating in the area. the buses are as follows:

  • 140 Heathrow Central - Harrow Weald
  • 90 Feltham - Northolt
  • E6 Bulls Bridge - Greenford Station
  • H98 Hounslow Bus Station- Hayes End
  • 350 Hayes and Harlington Station- Heathrow Terminal 5
  • U5 Hayes Asda - Uxbridge
  • U4 Hayes Prologis Park - Uxbridge
  • 195 Brentford County Court - Charville Lane Estate
  • 222 Hounslow Bus Station - Uxbridge
  • 81 Hounslow Bus Station - Slough
  • 111 Kingston - Heathrow Central
  • A10 Uxbridge - Heathrow Central

Historic transport[edit]

The Grand Junction Canal runs through the Dawley land, east to west: it was constructed c. 1794–1800.[5] In the late 1830s the main line of the Great Western Railway was also built across the former Dawley Park (by then Dawley Wall Farm). However, Hayes & Harlington railway station (just outside the parish) was not opened until 1864. Before then there was a choice of the stations at West Drayton and Southall, or of the daily omnibus and weekly carrier to London.[6]

Former cottage hospital[edit]

The Harlington, Harmondsworth and Cranford Cottage Hospital, in Sipson Lane, opened in 1884 and closed in 1977. It is now home to a branch of the Sant Nirankari Satsang Bhawan.

Listed buildings[edit]

name type built use and main features
Church of St. Peter & St. Paul (Grade One Listed) Religious 12th century Christian faith centre.
Veysey's Farm Farm late 18th century Mixed agricultural/nature
Shackle's Barn Agricultural early 1800s Scouts headquarters
Barn at Manor Farm Agricultural Restored in the 1970s, used as offices, timber-framed
Small hospital (Sipson Lane) Social 1884 Hindu faith centre.
Dower House (High Street) House 16th century Timber framed building
Harlington Baptist Church Religious 1879 Christian faith centre.
Part of a Thomas Kitchin map of Middlesex showing Dawley and Harlington, c. 1770.
Tower of church of Saints Peter & Saint Paul, 2014, from the south.

Former listed buildings in the parish[edit]

name type built demolished (exact or between dates) use
Dawley Manor Farm House 17th century 1962 M4 motorway and part of St Peter's Way
Shackle's House House early 1800s 1960–70 Pembury Court (street)
Harlington rectory House Victorian 1970 Homes and the new church hall
Old Church Hall Church hall early 1900s 1970 Was in rectory grounds. Houses.
Bletchmore House House 1970–80 Bletchmore Close
Woodlands Farmhouse House 1960–65 178-182 High Street
Poplar House House 18th century 1970–75 Felbridge Court (apartments)

Manor Farm was demolished between 1930 and 1940 and pre-dated the possibility of statutory listing. It is the site of shops in Manor Parade and adjoining residential roads.

Nearest places[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke. He bought Dawley in 1724 and sold it in 1737, or 1738.
Harlington church's porch, engraved by John Pye, drawn by L. Francia, for the Beauties of England and Wales, 1812, published by John Harris, London.
Dawley Court, Goulds Green, Middlesex in 1893, when it belonged to W. Fane De Salis. (Just to the west of Corwell Lane).
Lady De Tabley is buried alongside her eldest daughter in the SS Peter & Paul graveyard.
Tattersall's stallion Glencoe stood at Dawley in 1835.

Sources[edit]

Shackle's Barn, Harlington, Middlesex, from the west, October 2014.
View of Harlington from within the Dawley Wall, looking south, June 2015.
  • Harlington and Harmondsworth, by Philip Sherwood, Tempus, Stroud, 2002;
  • The History of Dawley (Middlesex), by B.T. White, Hayes and Harlington Local History Society, 2001;
  • Victorian Harlington, Hayes and Harlington Local History Society, 1985;
  • De Salis Family : English Branch, by Rachel E. Fane De Salis, Higgs & Co., Henley-on-Thames, UK, 1934.
  • Eight Hundred Years of Harlington Parish Church in the County of Middlesex, Herbert Wilson, MA, Rector, Uxbridge, 1909.
  • An Historical Account of Those Parishes in the County of Middlesex, Which Are Not Described in the Environs of London, by the Rev. Daniel Lysons, London, 1800, pp. 125–135.

References[edit]

Harlington's church and garage, from the south-east, 2014.
Church of St. Jerome, Dawley, (west Hayes), consecrated 1934, designed by Harold Gibbons, (in June 2015). This on the very north-eastern edge of the parish, but serves much of Dawley and thus Harlington.
Wheat field beside the M4, once part of Dawley Manor Farm, at Harlington. July 2015. Looking to the south-east.
  1. ^ a b c d e Susan Reynolds (ed.), A History of the County of Middlesex, vol. 3 (1962)
  2. ^ History of Harlington: Units and Statistics A vision of Britain through time. The University of Portsmouth and others. Accessed 2015-08-31.
  3. ^ "Contact Us." Hellenic Imperial Airways. Retrieved on 10 May 2011. "London / United Kingdom Hellenic Imperial Airways Axis House 242 Bath Road Harlington UB3 5AY"
  4. ^ Eight Hundred Years of Harlington Parish Church in the County of Middlesex, Herbert Wilson, MA, Rector, Uxbridge, 1909.
  5. ^ A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3,, Victoria County History, London, 1962.
  6. ^ A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3, Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington, Victoria County History, London, 1962.
  7. ^ The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558–1603, edited by P.W. Hasler, 1981.
  8. ^ The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604–1629, ed. Andrew Thrush and John P. Ferris, 2010.
  9. ^ The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660–1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983.
  10. ^ a b c d e f A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3, Victoria County History (VCH), London, 1962.
  11. ^ The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1690–1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002.
  12. ^ Alexander Pope, by Leslie Stephen, 1880.
  13. ^ The Alexander Pope Encyclopedia, by Pat Rogers, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004.
  14. ^ The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715–1754, edited by Rodney Sedgwick, 1970.
  15. ^ The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558–1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
  16. ^ a b c d An Historical Account of Those Parishes in the County of Middlesex, Which Are Not Described in the Environs of London, by the Rev. Daniel Lysons, London, 1800, pp. 125–135.
  17. ^ He now started a stud farm at Dawley in Middlesex, which, together with his reputation for integrity, became the cornerstone of his large fortune., Thomas Seccombe, DNB, 1898.
  18. ^ a b The Racing Calendar for the year 1833, by Edward & Charles Weatherby, London, 1834, p. 561.
  19. ^ O.D.N.B.
  20. ^ The Racing Calendar for the year 1832, by Edward & Charles Weatherby, London, 1833, p. 559.
  21. ^ The World of William Byrd: Musicians, Merchants and Magnates, by Mr John Harley, Ashgate, 2010, pp. 122, 123 & 218.
  22. ^ Fane De Salis MSS.
  23. ^ Just outside the parish of Harlington at Goulds Green there was a house which the De Salis renamed Dawley Court, and lived there from 1835 until 1929 when it was sold and then demolished.
  24. ^ the clergy database