Hinds County, Mississippi

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Hinds County, Mississippi
Raymond Courthouse.jpg
Hinds County courthouse in Raymond
Seal of Hinds County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Hinds County
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Thomas Hinds
Seat Jackson and Raymond
Largest city Jackson
 • Total 877 sq mi (2,271 km2)
 • Land 870 sq mi (2,253 km2)
 • Water 7.6 sq mi (20 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 242,891
 • Density 282/sq mi (109/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.hinds.ms.us

Hinds County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 245,285,[1] making it the most populous county in Mississippi. Its county seats are Raymond and Jackson, the state capital.[2] The county is named for General Thomas Hinds,[3] a hero of the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812.

Hinds County is part of the Jackson, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is a center of professional, educational, business and industrial elites in the state. It is bordered on the northwest by the Big Black River and on the east by the Pearl River. It is one county width away from the Yazoo River and the southern border of the Mississippi Delta.

In the 19th century, the rural areas of the county were devoted to cotton plantations worked by enslaved African Americans and depended on agriculture well into the 20th century. From 1877 to 1950, this county had 22 lynchings, the highest number in the state. Mississippi has the highest total number of lynchings of any state.[4] This form of racial terrorism was at its height at the turn of the 20th century.[4]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 877 square miles (2,270 km2), of which 870 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (0.9%) is water.[5] It is the third-largest county in Mississippi by land area and fifth-largest by total area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]


Major highways[edit]


The following public-use airports are located in Hinds County:


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 8,645
1840 19,098 120.9%
1850 25,340 32.7%
1860 31,339 23.7%
1870 30,488 −2.7%
1880 43,958 44.2%
1890 39,279 −10.6%
1900 52,577 33.9%
1910 63,726 21.2%
1920 57,110 −10.4%
1930 85,118 49.0%
1940 107,273 26.0%
1950 142,164 32.5%
1960 187,045 31.6%
1970 214,973 14.9%
1980 250,998 16.8%
1990 254,441 1.4%
2000 250,800 −1.4%
2010 245,285 −2.2%
Est. 2016 241,229 [6] −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2014[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 245,285 people residing in the county. 69.1% were Black or African American, 28.4% White, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 1.5% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 250,800 people, 91,030 households, and 62,355 families residing in the county. The population density was 288 people per square mile (111/km²). There were 100,287 housing units at an average density of 115 per square mile (45/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 37.31% White, 61.12% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 91,030 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.10% were married couples living together, 22.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 12.10% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 88.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,991, and the median income for a family was $40,525. Males had a median income of $30,930 versus $24,593 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,785. About 16.10% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.60% of those under age 18 and 15.10% of those age 65 or over.

Hinds County has the seventh highest per capita income in the State of Mississippi.


Hinds County is governed via a five-member board of supervisors, each elected from single-member districts. The county is led by a county administrator, who is appointed.

The Mississippi Department of Human Services (MDHS) has its headquarters in Jackson and in Hinds County. The Division of Youth Services operates the Oakley Training School (OTS) in an unincorporated area of Hinds County.[12]

The Mississippi Department of Corrections has its headquarters in Jackson and in Hinds County.[13] It operates the Jackson Probation & Parole Office in the city.


Public School Districts in Hinds County

Public school districts[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]




Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 157. 
  4. ^ a b Lynching in America, 2nd edition, Supplement by County, p. 5
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Mississippi Department of Human Services website
  13. ^ Mississippi Department of Corrections homepage. Retrieved on December 8, 2009

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°16′N 90°26′W / 32.26°N 90.44°W / 32.26; -90.44