Winston County, Mississippi

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Winston County
The historic Strand Theatre in Louisville, Mississippi.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Winston County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°05′N 89°02′W / 33.09°N 89.04°W / 33.09; -89.04
Country United States
State Mississippi
Founded1833
Named forLouis Winston
SeatLouisville
Largest cityLouisville
Area
 • Total610 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Land607 sq mi (1,570 km2)
 • Water2.8 sq mi (7 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total19,198
 • Estimate 
(2018)
18,165
 • Density31/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
WebsiteWinston County, Mississippi
Winston County Economic Development District Partnership

Winston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. In the 2010 census, the population was 19,198.[1] Its county seat is Louisville.[2] The county is named for Louis Winston (1784–1824), a colonel in the militia, a prominent lawyer, and a judge of the Mississippi Supreme Court.[3]

The county is the site of Nanih Waiya, an ancient mound built in the Woodland period, about 1 CE-300 CE. Since the 17th century, it has been venerated by the Choctaw people who later occupied the area.[4] As of 2008, the mound is owned by the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, a federally-recognized tribe.

History[edit]

The county is one of sixteen formed when chief Greenwood LeFlore ceded the lands in the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, which resulted in the removal of the Choctaw Nation from their ancestral lands to Oklahoma.

In 1863, during the American Civil War, the Union Army under Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson, marched through Louisville with 900 troops on a raid through Mississippi. There was no fighting in Winston County and no significant destruction of property.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 610 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 607 square miles (1,570 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18404,650
18507,95671.1%
18609,81123.3%
18708,984−8.4%
188010,08712.3%
189012,08919.8%
190014,12416.8%
191017,13921.3%
192018,1395.8%
193021,23917.1%
194022,7517.1%
195022,231−2.3%
196019,246−13.4%
197018,406−4.4%
198019,4745.8%
199019,433−0.2%
200020,1603.7%
201019,198−4.8%
2018 (est.)18,165[7]−5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Winston County[12]

2020 census[edit]

Winston County Racial Composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White 8,856 49.99%
Black or African American 8,078 45.6%
Native American 162 0.91%
Asian 39 0.22%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 352 1.99%
Hispanic or Latino 226 1.28%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 17,714 people, 7,269 households, and 4,737 families residing in the county.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,198 people living in the county. 51.9% were White, 45.6% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[14] there were 20,160 people, 7,578 households and 5,471 families living in the county. The population density was 33 per square mile (13/km2). There were 8,472 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 55.26% White, 43.25% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 1.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,578 households, of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.90% were married couples living together, 18.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09.

26.80% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males.

The median household income was $28,256, and the median family income was $33,602. Males had a median income of $28,665 versus $18,210 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,548. About 19.40% of families and 23.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.90% of those under age 18 and 18.90% of those age 65 or over.


Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Education[edit]

There are three public high schools in Winston County, Louisville High School (Louisville Wildcats) , Nanih Waiya Attendance Center (Nanih Waiya Warriors) and Noxapater Attendance Center (Noxapater Tigers). In addition, there are two private schools Winston Academy also known as (W.A.) or (Winston Patriots) was established in 1969 as an alternative for white students who wished to experience a segregated education.[15][16] The second is Grace Christian School (Eagles) in Louisville which was founded in 1970.

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Winston County, Mississippi[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,112 55.35% 4,040 43.74% 84 0.91%
2016 4,910 55.29% 3,850 43.35% 121 1.36%
2012 5,168 52.58% 4,607 46.87% 54 0.55%
2008 5,497 53.78% 4,653 45.52% 71 0.69%
2004 5,386 57.21% 3,978 42.25% 51 0.54%
2000 4,645 55.51% 3,672 43.88% 51 0.61%
1996 3,498 47.03% 3,488 46.89% 452 6.08%
1992 4,311 48.07% 3,953 44.08% 704 7.85%
1988 5,317 57.61% 3,851 41.73% 61 0.66%
1984 5,192 59.36% 3,543 40.51% 11 0.13%
1980 3,998 46.79% 4,416 51.68% 131 1.53%
1976 3,659 46.96% 3,956 50.77% 177 2.27%
1972 5,155 78.64% 1,354 20.66% 46 0.70%
1968 508 8.39% 911 15.05% 4,635 76.56%
1964 3,922 94.30% 237 5.70% 0 0.00%
1960 405 13.65% 1,056 35.60% 1,505 50.74%
1956 361 13.35% 2,132 78.82% 212 7.84%
1952 771 23.15% 2,559 76.85% 0 0.00%
1948 33 1.57% 240 11.40% 1,832 87.03%
1944 51 2.72% 1,822 97.28% 0 0.00%
1940 26 1.30% 1,979 98.70% 0 0.00%
1936 21 0.86% 2,418 99.10% 1 0.04%
1932 12 0.69% 1,720 99.08% 4 0.23%
1928 97 5.65% 1,620 94.35% 0 0.00%
1924 53 3.79% 1,344 96.21% 0 0.00%
1920 113 10.64% 932 87.76% 17 1.60%
1916 47 3.83% 1,152 93.96% 27 2.20%
1912 9 1.09% 743 90.39% 70 8.52%


Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ History of Winston County, Mississippi Archived 2010-07-24 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Ken Carleton, "Nanih Waiya: Mother Mound of the Choctaw", The Delta Endangered, Spring 1996, Vol.1 (1), NPS Archeology Program, accessed 16 Nov 2009
  5. ^ "Winston County". Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  15. ^ Spencer, Mack (May 17, 2004). "Public domain, private options". Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved November 11, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  16. ^ Bolton, Charles C. (2005). The Hardest Deal of All. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9781578067176.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  18. ^ "Ole Miss Bio". Retrieved March 12, 2018.

Coordinates: 33°05′N 89°02′W / 33.09°N 89.04°W / 33.09; -89.04