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Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hanja 會寧市
 • McCune-Reischauer Hoeryŏng-si
 • Revised Romanization Hoeryeong-si
Hoeryong City Centre
Hoeryong City Centre
Hoeryong is located in North Korea
Map of North Korea showing the location of Hoeryong
Coordinates: 42°26′N 129°45′E / 42.433°N 129.750°E / 42.433; 129.750Coordinates: 42°26′N 129°45′E / 42.433°N 129.750°E / 42.433; 129.750
Country North Korea
Province North Hamgyong Province
 • Total 134,524

Hoeryŏng (Korean pronunciation: [hø.ɾjʌŋ]) is a city in North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea. It is located opposite Jilin Province, China, with the Tumen River in between. Sanhe (三合鎮), in Longjing City, is the closest Chinese town across the river. Hoeryŏng is claimed to be the birthplace of Kim Il Sung's first wife and Kim Jong Il's mother, Kim Jong Suk.[1] It was known as "Kainei" during Japanese rule.

The Hoeryŏng concentration camp (Kwalliso No. 22) is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city.[2]

Birthplace of Kim Jong-suk


Hoeryŏng was one of the six post/garrisons (Chosŏngŭl: 육진, Hanja: 六鎭) established under the order of Sejong the Great of Joseon (1418 - 1450) to safeguard his people from the potentially hostile semi-nomadic Jurchens living north of the Yalu river.

In early May 2007, the newly appointed Prime Minister Kim Yong-il visited Hoeryŏng. At the time, the Prime Minister brought with him on his train, one carriage worth of glass (made in South Korea) and 3 carriages worth of cement. After delivering the goods to the People’s Committee of Hoeryŏng he ordered that the city of Hoeryŏng be decorated and adorned as much as a city where Mother Kim Jong Suk’s birthplace should be.

Later that month, there was a public protest in Hoeryŏng, the first in recent history anywhere in North Korea. A guard named Ahn Myong-chol was forced to leave Hoeryŏng concentration camp, for the safety of his family, when someone caught him giving food to one of the prisoners in the concentration camp.[3]

On the 22 June 2007, a source reported that a public trial was held at a City Stadium in Hoeryŏng, against 15 human traffic suspects and 4 of them were sentenced to death following a period of starvation; with others reported to have defected to the South.[citation needed]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Hoeryŏng-si is divided into 19 tong (neighbourhoods) and 28 ri (villages):

  • Chungdo-dong
  • Chungbong-dong
  • Ch'irwŏlp'aril-dong
  • Kang'an-dong
  • Kyerim-dong
  • Kungsim-dong
  • Mang'yang-dong
  • Nammun-dong
  • Osandŏk-tong
  • Poŭl-dong
  • Saemaŭl-dong
  • San'ŏp-tong
  • Sech'ŏn-dong
  • Sinch'ŏn-dong
  • Sŏngch'ŏn-dong
  • Subuk-tong
  • Tongmyŏng-dong
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong
  • Yusŏn-dong
  • Ch'angt'ae-ri
  • Ch'anghyo-ri
  • Hakp'o-ri
  • Hangyong-ri
  • Hongsal-li
  • In'ge-ri
  • Kesang-ri
  • Keha-ri
  • Kulsal-li
  • Kŭmsaeng-ri
  • Musal-li
  • Namsal-li
  • Obong-ri
  • Oryu-ri
  • Pangwŏl-li
  • Pyŏksŏng-ri
  • P'ungsal-li
  • Raksaeng-ri
  • Ryongch'ŏl-li
  • Saŭl-li
  • Sinhŭng-ri
  • Sŏngbung-ri
  • Sŏngdong-ri
  • Songhang-ri
  • Taedong-ri
  • Tokhŭng-ri
  • Wŏnsal-li
  • Yŏngsu-ri


Hoeryŏng's main industries are mining machines and a paper mill. The area contains many mines. According to media reports, in 2017 ordinary residents in Hoeryong receive electricity for 3–4 hours per day.[4]

Civil unrest[edit]

It is reported that on 24 September 2008 only about 20% of Hoeryŏng's city residents attended a civilian defence-training programme held in Hoeryŏng City. The other 80% are thought to have stayed home or tended to private patch fields. As punishment, authorities from the Civilian Defence ordered non-attendees to pay KP₩5,000, however this fine was largely ignored.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Brilliant life of Kim Jong Suk". KCNA. Retrieved 2006-06-28. 
  2. ^ "Kwan-li-so No.22 Haengyŏng (Hoeryŏng)". Wikimapia. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.nautilus.org/fora/security/06107Lankov.html
  4. ^ Shim, Elizabeth (July 12, 2017). "North Korea supplies high-voltage electricity to border fence". UPI. Ordinary North Koreans in Hoeryong, North Hamgyong Province, on the other hand, are supplied with electricity for about 3 to 4 hours a day, the North Korean source said. 
  5. ^ North Korea Today, No. 28. (2008). Research Institute for North Korean society.

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]