Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase

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Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase
Identifiers
EC number 3.1.2.6
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

In enzymology, a Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase (EC 3.1.2.6) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(R)-S-lactoylglutathione + water glutathione + a 2-hydroxy carboxylate

Hence, this enzyme has two substrates, (R)-S-lactoylglutathione and water, and two products, glutathione and a 2-hydroxy carboxylate. With the common substrate methylglyoxal, the product is D-lactate.[1]

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically the class of thioester lyases. This enzyme is commonly known as glyoxalase II. This enzyme participates in pyruvate metabolism.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vander Jagt DL (1993). "Glyoxalase II: molecular characteristics, kinetics and mechanism". Biochem. Soc. Trans. 21 (2): 522–7. PMID 8359524. 
  • Ball JC, Vander Jagt DL (1979). "Purification of S-2-hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase (glyoxalase II) from rat erythrocytes". Anal. Biochem. 98 (2): 472–7. PMID 496013. doi:10.1016/0003-2697(79)90169-6.