Islam in Sierra Leone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Islam is the largest and majority religion in Sierra Leone. Based on the 2015 Pew Research Center research, 78℅ of Sierra Leone's population is Muslim.

The vast majority of Sierra Leonean Muslims are adherent to the Sunni tradition of Islam at about 85%. A significant population of 15℅ of Sierra Leonean Muslims are adherent to the Ahmadiyya sect of Islam.

Composition and practice[edit]

There are 16 ethnic groups in Sierra Leone, the two largest being the Temne and Mende are both Muslim majority. Ten of Sierra Leone's sixteen ethnic groups are Muslim majority.

The vast majority of Sierra Leonean Muslims are Sunni of the Maliki school of Jurisprudence; while over ten percent of Sierra Leonean Muslims follow Ahmadiyya Islam, with manny Ahmadiyya Muslims also adherent to the Maliki School. Though small in numbers, the Ahmadiyya has one of the largest Islamic institutions across country, including 186 primary and 55 secondary schools.[1].

History[edit]

In the early 18th century Fulani and Mande-speaking tribesmen from the Fouta Djallon region of present-day Guinea converted many Temne of northern Sierra Leone to Islam. During the period of British colonization, attempts to spread Christianity were mostly ineffective.

Islam continued to spread after independence in 1961; in 1960 the Muslim population was 35 percent and grew to 60 percent by 2000, and then to 71% in 2008. It is difficult for people from Sierra Leone to travel to Mecca for the Hajj, the fifth pillar of Islam, due to the distance between the two places and the cost of travel being beyond the means of most Sierra Leoneans. The current Ebola crisis has also made it impossible for them to obtain Visas to Saudi Arabia.

The recent Sierra Leone Civil War was secular in nature featuring members of Christian, Muslim, and Tribal faiths fighting on both sides of the conflict.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ahmadiyya Movement Goes Mainstream in Sierra Leone". Retrieved June 12, 2014.