Islam in Brunei

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Masjid Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien, a state Masjid of Brunei Darussalam

Islam is Brunei's official religion, 82.70 percent of the population is Muslim,[1] mostly Sunnis of Malay origin who follow the Syafi'e school of thought. Most of the other Muslim groups are Malay Kedayans (converts from indigenous tribal groups), local Chinese and Dayak Iban converts.

History[edit]

Islam was adopted in the 15th century when a Muslim-Malay was installed as Sultan. The Sultan traditionally was responsible for upholding Islamic traditions, although the responsibility was usually delegated to appointed officials.

Since the 1930s Sultans have used rising oil revenues to provide an extensive social welfare system and promote Islam, including subsidising the Haji, building Masjids, and expanding the Department of Religious Affairs (KHEU).

With the constitution in 1959, Islam became the official religion of the country.[2]

On 30 April 2014, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah announced the implementation and enforcement of the first phase of Syariah Penal Code Law in Brunei starting 1 May 2014.[3]

Historical Population of Bruneian Muslims
YearPop.±%
1981122,269—    
1991174,973+43.1%
2001249,822+42.8%
2011309,962+24.1%
2016337,391+8.8%
Source: Bruneian Department of Statistics [4]

Conversions to Islam[edit]

The number of Bruneian converts to Islam has increased ever since Islam became the official religion of the country in 1954. And by 2004, it was recorded that over 16,000 Bruneians had converted to Islam.[5] From 2009-2020, there have been 5,884 individuals who have converted to Islam in Brunei.[6]

Conversions by District [6]
District 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Brunei Muara 234 281 260 269 256 300 245 242 203 204 152 218
Belait 153 161 115 94 124 130 94 110 67 74 109 77
Tutong 125 175 124 88 129 132 130 102 112 104 64 125
Temburong 21 25 37 18 29 23 45 18 27 22 22 16
Total: 533 642 536 469 537 585 514 472 409 404 347 436
Conversions By Ethnicity [6]
Ethnicity 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Dusun 151 154 131 103 149 164 141 122 108 110 102 122
Murut 14 20 11 14 10 7 12 12 4 13 4 13
Iban 173 208 149 136 130 139 134 115 109 99 111 118
Chinese 61 74 63 58 80 78 66 75 60 70 47 74
Other 134 186 182 158 168 197 161 148 128 112 83 109
Total: 533 642 536 469 537 585 514 472 409 404 347 436

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Brunei, Agence France-Presse in (30 April 2014). "Sultan of Brunei unveils strict sharia penal code". the Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Population by Religion, Sex and Census Year".
  5. ^ Ahmad Kumpoh, Asiyah (2011-01-01). Conversion to Islam: The case of the Dusun ethnic group in Brunei Darussalam (Thesis).
  6. ^ a b c "Population by Religion, Sex and Census Year".