Iyive language

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Native toCameroon, Nigeria
RegionSouth West(s) within the above country(s)
EthnicityNdir defined by the language
Native speakers
2,000 (1996)[1]
Official status
Official language in
Cameroon, Nigeria
Regulated byLanguage Academy
Language codes
ISO 639-3uiv Iyive
Glottologiyiv1238  Iyive[2]
Zone A[3]

Iyive, also referred to as Uive, Yiive, Ndir, Asumbos, is a severely endangered Bantoid language spoken in Nigeria and Cameroon.[4] The ethnic group defined by use of this language is the Ndir.[5][6][7]

General information[edit]

Iyive is an indigenous Tivoid language of the Cameroons close to Tiv proper.[8][9] It is spoken in the Southwest Region in the Manyu division, northeast of Akwaya town on the Nigeria border, Yive village.[10] Although they live in Cameroon, the majority of Iyive’s linguistic population has been forced to relocate to Nigeria due to conflict.[11]

Official status[edit]

Iyive is severely endangered and has been classified as moribund as the language is only spoken by the older generation of Ndir and not passed down to younger generations.[12][13] Iyive is not supported by any government bodies or institutions.[14]

Writing system[edit]

Iyive is written using Latin script.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Iyive at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Iyive". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ ‘’The Endangered Language Project’’
  5. ^ [Alan S. & Regnier, C. (2008). Tivoid Survey. Cameroon: SIL]
  6. ^ [Brenzinger, M. (Eds.). (2007). Language Diversity Endangered. New York, NY: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co]
  7. ^ ‘’Iyive’’, ‘’Ethnologue Languages of the World’’
  8. ^ [Otheguy, O.G.(2008). Minority language use in Cameroon and educated indigenes' attitude to their languages. International Journal of the Sociology of Language. Volume 2008, Issue 189]
  9. ^ [William, F. R. (2003). Tivoid Languages. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press]
  10. ^ ‘’Iyive’’, ‘’Ethnologue Languages of the World’’
  11. ^ Foster, S. E. (2012). ‘’ A Phonology Sketch of the Iyive Language’’ Cameroon: SIL
  12. ^ [Malcolm, G. (1967). The Classification of the Bantu Languages. London: Dawsons of Pall Mall]
  13. ^ ‘’The Endangered Language Project’’
  14. ^ [Huge, V. J. & Hardinge, O. (1967). Language, Schools, and Government in Cameroon. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.]
  15. ^ ‘’Iyive’’, ‘’Ethnologue Languages of the World’’

External links[edit]

Blench, R. M. ‘’Language: Iyive’’, ‘’Glottolog’’, 2010

‘’Iyive’’, The Endangered language Project’’