Jalore

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Jalore
Jalor
city
Jalore is located in Rajasthan
Jalore
Jalore
Jalore is located in India
Jalore
Jalore
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 25°21′N 72°37′E / 25.35°N 72.62°E / 25.35; 72.62Coordinates: 25°21′N 72°37′E / 25.35°N 72.62°E / 25.35; 72.62
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Jalor
Elevation 178 m (584 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 44,828
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 343001
Telephone code 912973
Vehicle registration RJ-16 ,RJ -46
Website jalore.rajasthan.gov.in

Jalor, also known as Jalore (in Hindi जालोर), is a city in Rajasthan state of western India. It is the administrative headquarters of Jalore District.

Geography[edit]

Jalore is known as granite city.Jalore lies to south of Sukri river, a tributary of Luni river and is about 140 km south of Jodhpur. Jalore hasn't grown that much in terms of infrastructure.But City Center Shopping Mall is the example that it is growing. City center has many corporate offices like Axis Bank, Punjab National Bank, UCO Bank, Birla Sun Life Insurance Ltd, Shreeram Transport Finance Company among others.

The major towns, villages and cities of the Jalor district are Bhadrajun, Sayla, Megalva, Siana, Ahore, Sanchore, Bishangarh, Hadecha, Ramsin, Daspan, Jaswantpura, Ummedabad, Raniwara, Bagra, Bhinmal, Jalor and Bagoda.

History[edit]

In ancient times Jalore was known as Jabalipura - named after a saint. The town was also known as Suvarngiri or Songir, the Golden Mount, on which the fort stands.

According to some historical sources, in 8th-9th centuries, one branch of the Gurjara-Pratihara was ruling at Jablipur (Jalore).[1]

It was a flourishing town in the 8th century. Jalore was ruled by the Paramaras in the 10th century. Kirtipala, the youngest son of Alhana, the Chahamana ruler of Nadol, was the founder of the Jalore line of Chauhans. He captured it from the Parmars in 1181 and took the clan name Songara, after the place. His son Samarasimha succeeded him in 1182. Udayasimha was the next ruler under whom Jalore had a golden period. He was a powerful and able ruler ruling over a large area. He recaptured Nadol and Mandor from the Muslims. In 1228, Iltutmish circled Jalore but Udayasimha offered stiff resistance. He was succeeded by Chachigadeva and Samantasimha. Samantasimha was succeeded by his son Kanhadadeva.

During the reign of Kanhadadeva, Jalor was attacked and destroyed in 1311 by Alauddin Khilji, Sultan of Delhi. Kanhadadeva and his son Viramadeva died defending Jalore. The Muslim rulers of Palanpur State of Gujarat briefly ruled Jalor in the 16th century and it became part of the Mughal Empire. It was restored to Marwar in 1704, and remained part of the kingdom until shortly after Indian Independence in 1947. Ambliara princely state in Gujarat they are the pedigree of Jalore Queen Rani Popadevi. Ambliara has a small princely state in Mahi Kantha Agency Present days near Bayad taluka of Arvalli District Gujarat.

Visitor attractions of Jalore[edit]

One of the most important structures within the town is the Topekhana or "the cannon foundry". The building is not in the best of conditions now, but its architecture indicates that this structure must have been awesome in the old days. It was built by "Ujjain King" Vkramditya as a "sansrut Pathshala" for education for his public. But at the time of Muslim Emperor Alauddin Khilji converted into a Muslim monument. The structure is imposing, with a spacious forecourt and an intricate facade. The colonnade and the ceiling are tastefully carved.

Jain Temples
Shri Munisuvrata-Nemi-Parshva Jinalaya, Santhu, Jalore
Hindu Temple
Mosque
  • Malik Shah's mosque

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Jalore
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
86.12%
Muslims
  
10.74%

As of 2001 India census,[3] Jalor had a population of 44828. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jalor has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 46%. In Jalor, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Special[edit]

Jalore was the hometown of Jeevant Kunwar, mother of Maharana Pratap (1572–1597). She was the daughter of Akhey Raj Songara. Rathore rulers of Jodhpur used the Jalore fort to safe-keep their treasure.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neelima Vashishtha (1989). Sculptural traditions of Rajasthan: ca. 800-1000 A.D. Publication Scheme. p. 6. 
  2. ^ "जानें सांचौर के इस मंदिर से जुड़ी दिलचस्प बात". Thar Post. Retrieved 2017-05-18. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.