Javanese numerals

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The Javanese language has a decimal numeral system with distinct words for the 'tweens' from 21 to 29, called likuran.

The basic numerals 1–10 have independent and combining forms, the latter derived via a suffix -ng. The combining forms are used to form the tens, hundreds, thousands, and millions. The numerals 1–5 and 10 have distinct high-register (halus, or in Javanese krama) and low register (ngoko) forms. The halus forms are listed below in italics. (Dasa 10 is derived from Sanskrit désa.)

Like English, Javanese has compound forms for the teens; however, it also has a series of compound 'tweens', 21–29. The teens are based on a root -(wə)las, the tweens on -likur, and the tens are formed by the combining forms. Hyphens are not used in the orthography, but have been added to the table below to clarify their derivation.

Final orthographic -a tends to [ɔ] in many dialects, as does any preceding a (as in sanga [sɔŋɔ] 9).

Unit Teens Tweens Tens
1 siji
setunggal
sewelas/suwelas
setunggalwelas 11
selikur
setunggallikur 21
sepuluh 10
sedasa
sejinah (market term)
2 loro
kalih
rolas
kalihwelas 12
rolikur/lolikur
kalihlikur 22
rongpuluh 20
kalihdasa
rong-jinah (market)
3 telu
tiga
telulas 13
tigangwelas/tigawelas
telulikur
tiganglikur 23
tigalikur
telungpuluh 30
tigangdasa
telungjinah (market)
4 papat
sekawan
patbelas/pakbelas
sekawanwelas 14
patlikur/pakdelikur
sekawanlikur 24
patangpuluh/petangpuluh 40
patangdasa/petangdasa
patangjinah (market)
5 lima
gangsal
limalas
gangsalwelas 15
selawé
selangkung 25
sèket
setunggalèket 50
limangjinah (market)
6 (e)nem nembelas 16 nemlikur 26 sewidak/suwidak 60
nemdasa
nemjinah (market)
7 pitu pitulas 17 pitulikur 27 pitungpuluh 70
pitungdasa
pitungjinah (market)
8 wolu wolulas 18 wolulikur 28 wolungpuluh 80
wolungdasa
wolungjinah (market)
9 sanga sangalas 19 sangalikur 29 sangangpuluh 90
sangangdasa
sangangjinah (market)

Parallel to the tens are the hundreds (satus, rongatus); the thousands (sèwu, rongèwu), and the millions (sayuta, rongyuta), except that the compounds of five and six are formed with limang- and nem- (séket 50 and suwidak/sewidak 60 are suppletive).

Old Javanese numerals[edit]

Native Unit Teens Tweens Tens
1 Angka 1.png eka
esa
éka-dasa 11 eka-dwidasa 21 dasa 10
2 Angka 2.png dwi dwi-dasa 12 dwi-dwidasa 22 wingsati 20
3 Angka 3.png tri tri-dasa 13 tri-dwidasa 23 tridasa 30
4 Angka 4.png catur catur-dasa 14 catur-dwidasa 24 caturdasa 40
5 Angka 5.png panca panca-dasa 15 panca-dwidasa 25 pancadasa 50
6 Angka 6.png sad sad-dasa 16 sad-dwidasa 26 sasthi 60
7 Angka 7.png sapta sapta-dasa 17 sapta-dwidasa 27 saptadasa 70
8 Angka 8.png asta asta-dasa 18 asta-dwidasa 28 astadasa 80
9 Angka 9.png nawa nawa-dasa 19 nawa-dwidasa 29 nawadasa 90


See also[edit]