Jiexiu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jiexiu
介休市
County-level city
Xianshenlou
Xianshenlou
Jiexiu is located in Shanxi
Jiexiu
Jiexiu
Location in Shanxi
Coordinates: 37°02′N 111°55′E / 37.033°N 111.917°E / 37.033; 111.917Coordinates: 37°02′N 111°55′E / 37.033°N 111.917°E / 37.033; 111.917
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shanxi
Prefecture-level city Jinzhong
Area
 • Total 744 km2 (287 sq mi)
Elevation 756 m (2,480 ft)
Population
 • Total 370,000
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 031200
Area code(s) 0354

Jiexiu (Chinese: 介休; pinyin: Jièxiū) is a county-level city of south-central Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Jinzhong City.

History[edit]

The city of Jiexiu was established by Chong'er, Duke Wen of Jin, during the Spring and Autumn period to commemorate his retainer Jie Zitui, who had loyally followed him during his years of exile. Supposedly, he once even cut meat from his own thigh to provide Chong'er with soup. Once Chong'er was enthroned as duke, however, Jie considered his services no longer required and resigned. Although Duke Wen was generous in rewarding those who had helped him in his time of need, he long passed over Jie, who had moved into the forest with his mother. Duke Wen went to the forest in 636 BC but could not find them. He then ordered his men to set fire to the forest in order to force Jie out. When Jie and his mother were killed instead, the duke was overcome with remorse and ordered three days without fire to honor Jie's memory. The city erected over the former forest is called Jiexiu, meaning "Jie's rest".

Climate[edit]

Jiexiu experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). Spring is dry, with frequent dust storms, followed by early summer heat waves. Summer tends to be warm to hot with most of the year's rainfall concentrated in July and August. Winter is long and cold, but dry and sunny. Because of the aridity, there tends to be considerable diurnal variation in temperature, except during the summer. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −4.4 °C (24.1 °F) in January to 23.9 °C (75.0 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 10.64 °C (51.2 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 49% in July to 60% in May, the city receives 2,425 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Jiexiu (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
5.7
(42.3)
12.0
(53.6)
20.1
(68.2)
25.5
(77.9)
29.3
(84.7)
30.1
(86.2)
28.3
(82.9)
24.1
(75.4)
18.3
(64.9)
10.2
(50.4)
3.9
(39)
17.5
(63.5)
Average low °C (°F) −10
(14)
−6.9
(19.6)
−1.1
(30)
5.5
(41.9)
10.6
(51.1)
15.0
(59)
18.4
(65.1)
16.9
(62.4)
11.0
(51.8)
4.8
(40.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
4.6
(40.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.7
(0.146)
5.1
(0.201)
14.1
(0.555)
23.2
(0.913)
32.0
(1.26)
55.7
(2.193)
111.7
(4.398)
103.7
(4.083)
55.9
(2.201)
34.2
(1.346)
11.4
(0.449)
4.1
(0.161)
454.8
(17.906)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 3.1 4.8 5.6 6.4 9.4 12.5 11.4 8.4 6.3 3.5 1.7 75.3
Average relative humidity (%) 51 50 54 50 54 60 72 78 73 66 61 55 60.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 175.6 167.3 189.8 227.7 259.5 240.1 217.5 214.6 195.5 194.8 175.5 166.7 2,424.6
Percent possible sunshine 58 55 52 58 60 55 49 51 53 56 57 56 55
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]