Changzhi (red) in Shanxi (orange)
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Chengqu (Urban District)|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• Communist Party Committee Secretary of Changzhi City||Ma, Tianrong (马天荣)|
|• Mayor||Xi, Xiaojun (席小军)|
|• Total||13,864 km2 (5,353 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Area code(s)||+86 (0)0355|
|Licence Plate Prefix||晋D|
|Administrative division code||140400|
Changzhi (simplified Chinese: 长治; traditional Chinese: 長治; Pinyin: Chángzhì) is a prefecture-level city in Shanxi Province, China. Historically, the city was one of the 36 administrative areas (see Administrative Divisions of Qin Dynasty) extant under the reign of the first emperor of a unified China (see Qin Shi Huang). Literally speaking, Changzhi means 'eternal peace' in Chinese.
Nowadays, Changzhi is a transportation centre in Shanxi. Convenient transportations are facilitated by 4 controlled-access highways (Taiyuan-Changzhi, Changzhi-Jincheng, Changzhi-Linfen, Changzhi-Handan), 2 railways (Taiyuan–Jiaozuo Railway and Handan–Changzhi Railway ), 3 national highways (China National Highway 207, 208 and 309) and 1 airport(Changzhi Wangcun Airport, ITAT Code: CIH, ICAO Code: ZBCZ). Internal transportation is also built with bus and taxi network.
Local environment, especially Air Quality Index, is monitored by China's Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and city government. A record of daily air quality has been kept and published by local government. To read the data, just visit http://www.czshb.gov.cn or directly type http://126.96.36.199:85/cz/ribao/index.asp for details of daily or real-time air quality. Changzhi is still on her way to a beautiful modern city with satisfied air quality and lots of efforts should be made in the future.
Changzhi was the site of the Shangdang Campaign, the first battle between the Kuomintang and the People's Liberation Army after the end of World War II. The campaign began in August 1945 and lasted until October. It began when the local Shanxi warlord, Yan Xishan, attempted to retake the region from Communist forces. Yan's forces were eventually defeated by an army led by Liu Bocheng, who was later named one of China's "Ten Great Marshals. Liu's political commissar was Deng Xiaoping, who later became China's "paramount leader". The campaign ended with the complete destruction of Yan's army, most of which joined the Communists after surrendering. Following the Shangdang Campaign, the Communists remained in control of the region until they won the civil war in 1949.
The area under the control of People's Government of Changzhi City is divided into 13 local government districts. They are Urban District (or Chengqu), Suburban District, Lucheng City (a county-level city), Changzhi County, Xiangyuan County, Tunliu County, Pingshun County, Licheng County, Huguan County, Zhangzi County, Wuxiang County, Qin County, and Qinyuan County.
Changzhi Medical College
Changzhi No.1 Middle School
Changzhi No.2 Middle School
Changzhi No.3 Middle School
Changzhi No.4 Middle School
Changzhi No.5 Middle School
Changzhi No.6 Middle School
Changzhi No.7 Middle School
Changzhi No.8 Middle School
Changzhi No.9 Middle School
Changzhi No.10 Middle School
Changzhi Experimental Middle School
Changzhi No.12 Middle School
Changzhi No.13 Middle School
Changzhi No.14 Middle School
Changzhi No.15 Middle School
Changzhi No.16 Middle School
Changzhi No.17 Middle School
Changzhi No.18 Middle School
Changzhi No.19 Middle School
Tai-Hang Middle School (Subsidiary Middle School of Changzhi College)
- Controlled-access Highway Taiyuan-Changzhi
- Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Jincheng
- Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Linfen
- Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Handan
Notes and references
- Statistics Report of Changzhi Economy in 2011 (In Chinese)[permanent dead link]
- Air Quality Database of Key Cities in China, in Chinese
- Population Data of Changzhi in Shanxi Province (the 6th National Population Census) in Chinese Archived February 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Lew, Christopher R. The Third Chinese Revolutionary War, 1945-1949: An Analysis of Communist Strategy and Leadership. The USA and Canada: Routelage. 2009. ISBN 0-415-77730-5. p.22
- Lew, Christopher R. The Third Chinese Revolutionary War, 1945-1949: An Analysis of Communist Strategy and Leadership. The USA and Canada: Routelage. 2009. ISBN 0-415-77730-5. pp.22-23.