Changzhi

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Changzhi
长治市
Prefecture-level city
长治八一广场北侧-2007 - panoramio.jpg
Location of Changzhi City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Location of Changzhi City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Changzhi is located in Shanxi
Changzhi
Changzhi
Location of the city center in Shanxi
Coordinates: 36°11′N 113°06′E / 36.183°N 113.100°E / 36.183; 113.100Coordinates: 36°11′N 113°06′E / 36.183°N 113.100°E / 36.183; 113.100
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shanxi
County-level divisions 13
Incorporated (city) 1945.10
Municipal seat Chengqu (Urban District)
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • Communist Party Committee Secretary of Changzhi City Ma, Tianrong (马天荣)
 • Mayor Xi, Xiaojun (席小军)
Area
 • Total 13,864 km2 (5,353 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 3,234,100
 • Density 230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 046000
Area code(s) 0355
ISO 3166 code CN-SX-04
Licence Plate Prefix 晋D
Administrative division code 140400
Website Official website

Changzhi (simplified Chinese: 长治; traditional Chinese: 長治; pinyin: Chángzhì; literally: "long rule") is a prefecture-level city in the southeast of Shanxi Province, China, bordering the provinces of Hebei and Henan to the northeast and east, respectively. Historically, the city was one of the 36 administrative areas (see Administrative Divisions of Qin Dynasty) extant under the reign of the first emperor of a unified China (see Qin Shi Huang).

Nowadays, Changzhi is a transportation centre in Shanxi. Transportations is facilitated by: four controlled-access highways, (Taiyuan-Changzhi, Changzhi-Jincheng, Changzhi-Linfen, and Changzhi-Handan); two railways, (Taiyuan–Jiaozuo Railway and Handan–Changzhi Railway ); three national highways, China National Highway 207, 208 and 309; and Changzhi Wangcun Airport (ITAT Code: CIH, ICAO Code: ZBCZ). Internal transportation also includes a bus and taxi network.

The city is a rising commercial and industrial centre in the southeastern area of Shanxi. In 2011, its GDP ranked 1st out of 11 prefecture-level cities in the province.[1] According to the 6th National Population Census, in 2010 the city was home to 3,334,564 residents.[2]

The local environment, especially the Air Quality Index, is monitored by China's Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP)[3] and city government. A record of daily air quality is published by the local government.[4]

History[edit]

In ancient times the area around Changzhi (Including Jincheng) was known as Shangdang.[5] Changzhi was the site of the Shangdang Campaign, the first battle between the Kuomintang and the People's Liberation Army after the end of World War II. The campaign began in August 1945 and lasted until October. It began when the local Shanxi warlord, Yan Xishan, attempted to retake the region from Communist forces. Yan's forces were eventually defeated by an army led by Liu Bocheng, who was later named one of China's Ten Great Marshals. Liu's political commissar was Deng Xiaoping, who later became China's "paramount leader". The campaign ended with the complete destruction of Yan's army, most of which joined the Communists after surrendering. Following the Shangdang Campaign, the Communists remained in control of the region until they won the civil war in 1949.[5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The area under the control of People's Government of Changzhi City is divided into 13 local government districts. They are 4 districts Luzhou, Lucheng, Shangdang, and Tunliu; and 8 counties Xiangyuan County, Pingshun County, Licheng County, Huguan County, Zhangzi County, Wuxiang County, Qin County, and Qinyuan County.

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Luzhou District 潞州区 Lùzhōu Qū 706,000 340.6 2072.8
Lucheng District 潞城区 Lùchéng Qū 210,000 615 341
Shangdang District 上党区 Shàngdǎng Qū 320,000 483 663
Tunliu District 屯留区 Túnliú Qū 240,000 1,042 230
Xiangyuan County 襄垣县 Xiāngyuán Xiàn 250,000 1,158 216
Pingshun County 平顺县 Píngshùn Xiàn 160,000 1,550 103
Licheng County 黎城县 Líchéng Xiàn 160,000 1,166 137
Huguan County 壶关县 Húguān Xiàn 280,000 1,013 276
Zhangzi County 长子县 Zhǎngzǐ Xiàn 340,000 1,029 330
Wuxiang County 武乡县 Wǔxiāng Xiàn 210,000 1,610 130
Qin County 沁县 Qìn Xiàn 170,000 1,297 131
Qinyuan County 沁源县 Qìnyuán Xiàn 150,000 2,556 59

Education[edit]

Higher Education[edit]

Changzhi Medical College
Changzhi College

High Schools[edit]

Changzhi No.1 Middle School
Changzhi No.2 Middle School
Changzhi No.3 Middle School
Changzhi No.4 Middle School
Changzhi No.5 Middle School
Changzhi No.6 Middle School
Changzhi No.7 Middle School
Changzhi No.8 Middle School
Changzhi No.9 Middle School
Changzhi No.10 Middle School
Changzhi Experimental Middle School
Changzhi No.12 Middle School
Changzhi No.13 Middle School
Changzhi No.14 Middle School
Changzhi No.15 Middle School
Changzhi No.16 Middle School
Changzhi No.17 Middle School
Changzhi No.18 Middle School
Changzhi No.19 Middle School
Tai-Hang Middle School (Subsidiary Middle School of Changzhi College)

Transportation[edit]

National Highway[edit]

Controlled-access Highway[edit]

  • Controlled-access Highway Taiyuan-Changzhi
  • Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Jincheng
  • Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Linfen
  • Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Handan

Railway[edit]

Airport[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Report of Changzhi Economy in 2011 (In Chinese)[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Population Data of Changzhi in Shanxi Province (the 6th National Population Census) in Chinese Archived February 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Air Quality Database of Key Cities in China, in Chinese
  4. ^ Changzhi City Environmental Protection Archived 2013-12-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ a b Lew, Christopher R. The Third Chinese Revolutionary War, 1945-1949: An Analysis of Communist Strategy and Leadership. The USA and Canada: Routelage. 2009, p.22–23. ISBN 0-415-77730-5