Shuozhou is a prefecture-level city in northern Shanxi Province in the People's Republic of China. It is situated along the upper reaches of the Fen River. The prefecture as a whole has an area of about 5,737 km2 (2,215 sq mi) and, in 2010, a population of about 1.71 million.
In 201 BC, the founder of the Han dynasty Liu Bang (posthumously known as Emperor Gaozu or the "High Ancestor") moved Han Xin from his fief around Yuzhou in Henan to Mayi, where he was attacked by the Xiongnu. Finding himself distrusted by the Han emperor, Han Xin allied with the Xiongnu instead and joined them on their raids against China until his death in battle in 196 BC. Mayi was subsequently the capital of Dai Prefecture and the scene of an attempted ambush of the Xiongnu by Chinese troops in 133 BC.
The seat of government is in Shuocheng District, the urban core of the city.
|Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|Shuocheng District||朔城区||Shuòchéng Qū||380,000||1,793||212|
|Pinglu District||平鲁区||Pínglǔ Qū||190,000||2,314||82|
|Shanyin County||山阴县||Shānyīn Xiàn||220,000||1,652||133|
|Ying County||应县||Yìng Xiàn||270,000||1,708||158|
|Youyu County||右玉县||Yòuyù Xiàn||100,000||1,965||51|
|Huairen County||怀仁县||Huáirén Xiàn||250,000||1,230||203|
It is a centre of industry, and its notable industries are primarily mining of coal and other ores such as iron, bauxite, mica, manganese, and graphite. Other economic sectors include agriculture, chemical industry, ceramics, and fishing.
Western tourists rarely come to this area of China, but there are some attractions. The Yingxian Tower, built in 1056 during the Liao Dynasty, is one of the main sites of the region. It was built entirely of wood, without using nails, and serves as a museum of calligraphy. There are also some paleolithic ruins, and ancient gravesites from the Dongyi people.
- "朔州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报（Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China）". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Anecdotes about Spirits and Immortals, Vol. II, Waiwen Chubanshe, 2004, p. 749. (in Chinese) & (in English)
- Official website (in Chinese)