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Jingxi Hotel

Coordinates: 39°54′19″N 116°18′46″E / 39.905336°N 116.312767°E / 39.905336; 116.312767
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Jingxi Hotel
Jingxi Hotel
Simplified Chinese京西宾馆
Traditional Chinese京西賓館
Literal meaningCapital West Guesthouse

Located at Yangfangdian Road, Haidian, Beijing,[1] the Jingxi Hotel is subordinate to the Agency for Offices Administration of the Central Military Commission, and is a high-profile hotel for government officials and an internal meeting place, which located near the Military Museum and Defense Ministry. It was the residence of the delegates of the Military Commission during the Congress, and successive leaders of the Party and the State have attended many relevant meetings in the hotel.[2]

The Jingxi Hotel was also the designated residence of top leaders from various provinces and cities when they came to Beijing. During the 40 years from September 14, 1964 to 2004, it has received 29 meetings of the National People's Congress, including the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, and 44 plenary sessions of the National People's Congress and the National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party,[3] and has been known as the "safest hotel" and "the crown of meeting venues" in China. [4][5][6]



The Jingxi Hotel is located on the south side of Fuxing Road, Yangfangdian Road and Yangfangdian West Road, opposite the CCTV Color TV Center across Fuxing Road on the north side of Fuxing Road. The construction of Beijing West Hotel started in 1959 for the 10th anniversary of the People's Republic,[3] and was completed in 1964.[7] Because of its geographical location, Luo Ruiqing, the secretary-general of the Central Military Commission, named it Jingxi Hotel, means Beijing West Hotel. The Jingxi Hotel belongs to the military establishment, management unit formerly known as the "People's Liberation Army General Staff Department Administration Jingxi Hotel Management Office", in September 2004 changed its name to the "People's Liberation Army General Staff Department Management and Security Department of the Jingxi Hotel Management Authority".[7][8][9] The hotel was originally designed for meetings and receptions, so there have plenty of meeting rooms inside. It is also the only large internal hotel in China that is not operated externally.[7]



When the Beijing West Hotel was built in 1964,[10] its architectural equipment was second only to the Beijing Hotel, Minzu Hotel, Qianmen Hotel, and Prime Hotel in Beijing. During the National Day of the People's Republic of China in 1964, the Beijing West Hotel received guests from six countries, including Algeria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Pakistan, Burma, Myanmar, and others 6 countries' party and government delegations as well as 61 professional delegations from 34 other countries. The Jingxi Hotel also hosted the Northeast Delegation, the Central and South China Delegation, the People's Liberation Army Delegation and more than 260 staff members of the Third National People's Congress in 1964. Over the next 40 years, almost all delegations to the National People's Congress stayed at the Jingxi Hotel.[7]

After the outbreak of the "Cultural Revolution", the "Four Greats" of "Great clamor, Great release, Great debate, and Great print" spread to the Army for a time, and Ye Jianying, a senior member of the Chinese Communist Party's military, held an expanded meeting of the Military Commission at the Jingxi Hotel in Beijing on January 19, 1967, to oppose the "Four Greats" in the military. On January 19, 1967, the top military officials of the Chinese Communist Party held an enlarged meeting of the Military Commission at the Jingxi Hotel to oppose the "Four Greats" in the military, and Ye Jianying, Xu Xiangqian, Nie Rongzhen and other senior leading military cadres met with Jiang Qing and Chen Boda from the Central Cultural Revolutionary Group, where they had a heated argument and slammed the table, which was known as the "Incident of the Great Disturbance at the Jingxi Hotel" (大闹京西宾馆事件).[11][12]

Other important meetings to have taken place here include the pivotal 3rd Plenum of the 11th Central Committee in 1978, when China embarked on economic reforms,[13][14] and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Central Committee.[15] In the 2015 People's Republic of China military reform, the hotel's parent unit, the Department of Management and Security of the General Staff Department of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, was abolished in 2016. The hotel was transferred to the Agency for Offices Administration of the Central Military Commission.[16]

The closest subway station is Military Museum station, on Line 1 and Line 9 of the Beijing Subway.

See also



  1. ^ "The truth about Beijing's Jingxi Hotel's corridors of party power". South China Morning Post. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  2. ^ 张量. "四十年会场之冠:京西宾馆". 中国共产党新闻网(转自中新网). Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Chinese Leaders Want a Secure Place of Their Own". WSJ. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  4. ^ "Chinese Communist Party meeting puts Xi in the spotlight". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  5. ^ 朴勝俊 (October 29, 2007). "京西賓館:中國共産黨秘密決策誕生地". 朝鲜日报.
  6. ^ "京西宾馆建馆40年 数10次完成重要会议保障任务". 新华网. September 12, 2004. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d "京西宾馆 探访中国重要决策诞生地". 财经网. March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ "北京京西宾馆管理局招收服务员简章". 中国丰城. December 17, 2012.
  9. ^ "中国政治地标——京西宾馆". 凤凰网. December 19, 2007. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  10. ^ 北京市區主要街道景觀導覽 (in Chinese). 千華駐科技出版公司. 2018. p. 82. ISBN 978-957-563-082-9. Retrieved April 22, 2024.
  11. ^ 中国共产党重大事件纪实编委会 (2001). 中国共产党重大事件纪实. 中国共产党重大事件纪实 (in Chinese). 内蒙古人民出版社. ISBN 978-7-204-06033-7. Retrieved April 22, 2024.
  12. ^ 群众路线:从萌芽到实践 (in Chinese). 河南科学技术出版社. 2014. p. 313. ISBN 978-7-5349-6921-8. Retrieved April 22, 2024.
  13. ^ 伟大转折:中共十一届三中全会召开. 共和国故事 (in Chinese). 吉林出版集团有限责任公司. 2011. p. 5. ISBN 978-7-5463-1784-7. Retrieved April 22, 2024.
  14. ^ 邓小平的最后岁月 (in Chinese). 天地出版社. 2019. p. 31. ISBN 978-7-5455-4260-8. Retrieved April 22, 2024.
  15. ^ Lee, K.E.; Khor, A. (2019). China’s Long March of Modernisation: Blueprint & Road Map for the Nation’s Full Development 2016-2049. Xlibris AU. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-7960-0728-2. Retrieved April 22, 2024.
  16. ^ "军委神秘部门陆续曝光 联合参谋部至少4大局亮相,网易,2016-04-16".

39°54′19″N 116°18′46″E / 39.905336°N 116.312767°E / 39.905336; 116.312767