High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China
|The High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China|
37 Zhongguancun Street
|Other names||RDFZ (人大附中)|
(Virtue, Erudition, Creativity and Factualism)
|Established||April 3, 1950|
|Principal||Liu Xiaohui (刘小惠)|
|Principal Emeritus||Liu Pengzhi (刘彭芝)|
|Campus size||142 acres (57 ha)|
|Color(s)||Red and White|
|Rival||Beijing No. 4 High School, Beijing Bayi School|
|Affiliations||Renmin University of China|
The High School Affiliated to Renmin University Of China (simplified Chinese: 中国人民大学附属中学; traditional Chinese: 中國人民大學附屬中學; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Dàxué Fùshŭ Zhōngxué),[a] known colloquially as Rendafuzhong (RDFZ), is the high school affiliated with Renmin University of China. RDFZ is situated in the Haidian District of Beijing, within the Zhongguancun Science and Technology Zone. RDFZ is a beacon high school accredited by the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education. The school is a member of the G30 Schools group. A 2016 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report described the school as among the most famous in China.
The school was established on April 3, 1950 as the Beijing Experimental Accelerated Middle School for Workers and Farmers (北京实验工农速成中学); though plans to create an experimental school for Beijing's growing population existed as early as January of that year. Created by the Chinese Ministry of Education, which had been formally established only a year earlier, the school was used to further develop China's education system.
In 1952, the school became affiliated with Renmin University of China and was renamed to Workers and Farmers' Accelerated Middle School Attached to Renmin University of China (中国人民大学附设工农速成中学). In 1955, the school broadened its student population beyond workers and farmers and broadened its curriculum to include traditional high school classes. In 1956, the school was again renamed, this time to Workers' and Farmers' High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China (中国人民大学附属工农中学), a name that was kept until 1960, when the name was finally changed to its current name, the High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China.
With Renmin University of China closed by the Beijing Revolutionary Committee during the Cultural Revolution in October 1970, the school briefly changed its name to Beijing Middle School No. 172. When Renmin University of China reopened in 1978, the school reaffirmed its affiliation to the university and the school's name was changed back.
The school is one of the few high schools that are directly under the administration of China's Ministry of Education.
The school is also branch of RDFZ United, an administrative body presiding over a number of schools internationally. Besides RDFZ, there are more than ten schools under the administration of RDFZ United. For example, High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China, Shenzhen (中国人民大学附属中学深圳分校) is a new secondary school established in 2017 in Shenzhen. RDFZ United is one of the few Chinese educational organizations that have branches located outside mainland China; Princeton International School of Mathematics and Science, created by a joint venture between Chinese investor Jiang Bairong and RDFZ, is a member of RDFZ United located in Princeton, New Jersey.
Because the growing number of schools that fall under the administration of RDFZ United, a council was created to formalize the management structure of RDFZ United. Council members are mainly officials from Renmin University of China. RUC President is an ex officio member. RDFZ United's founding principal Liu Pengzhi is the chancellor of the Council. Among others, Vice President of RUC, Dean of RUC School of Law, and Principal of RDFZ are also elected to the Council.
The staff includes 50 special-class teachers and over 170 senior-level teachers. 16 teachers have been conferred the title of "pillar teacher" at the national level, and another 25 at the Beijing municipal level. 37 are recognized as advanced individuals in their disciplines in Haidian District. There are more than 40 foreign teachers from the United States, the United Kingdom and other countries.
|Hu Chaozhi (胡朝芝)||1950–1956|
|Xia Jia (夏加)||1956–1959|
|Di Wenyu (邸文彧)||1960–1962|
|Chen Bangyou (陈邦友)||1967–1969|
|Wu Yingjie (吴英杰)||1971–1978|
|Dong Fang (董放)||1983–1984|
|Hu Junze (胡俊泽)||1984–1992|
|Zhu Disheng (朱迪生)||1992–1997|
|Liu Pengzhi (刘彭芝)||1997–2019
2019–present (Principal Emeritus)
|Zhai Xiaoning (翟小宁)||2014–2019|
|Liu Xiaohui (刘小惠)||2019–present|
Foreign passport holders are allowed to attend so long as they have legal guardians residing in Beijing for the duration of their enrollment.
RDFZ is a beacon high school accredited by the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education. In a 2016 ranking, it ranked first amongst all high schools in Mainland China. In another 2016 ranking, this time of Chinese high schools that send students to study in American universities, RDFZ ranked fifth in mainland China by number of students entering top American universities. The school is a member of the G30 Schools group. The school offers the International Baccalaureate diploma, Advanced Placement and A-Level curriculums. RDFZ has been awarded a number of titles and awards by China's Ministry of Education and by the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education, including:
- Advanced School of All-round Education with Distinctive Characteristics
- School of Full-range Development and Talented Students' Academic Training
- Advanced School of Working Skill Education
- Municipal Model School for Education in Science and Technology
- National Model School for Modern Technology Education
- Excellent School for Training Elite Back-up Athletes
- Advanced School for Merits in Physical and Health Work
- Model School for Demonstrating Green Network
- State-level Traditional School for Physical Education
There are two academic departments in RDFZ:
- Domestic curriculum centre (本部): offering junior high (Grade 7-9) and senior high (Grade 10-12) students domestic curriculums prescribed by the ministry of education and Beijing's department of education. The graduating students of junior high and senior high will take Zhongkao and Gaokao for senior high school and university admission respectively.
- International curriculum centre (ICC, 国际课程中心): ICC offers foreign-bound senior high students (Grade 10-12) a variety of internationally recognised curriculums (IB, AP, and A-Level) and helps students gain admissions into international colleges (predominantly U.K., U.S., Canadian, and Australian universities).
It is notable that, not to be confused with ICC, RDFZ also has an international student office (ISO, 国际部) that places foreign nationals (students holding non-PRC passports) into domestic and international curriculums.
Junior High School
Due to the lack of standard test, junior high school admission in Beijing is usually complicated and not without controversies. Admitted junior high school (初中) students usually come from one of the following admission programs:
- Random Placement (随机派位): a lottery program is administered for eligible Grade 6 students living in the school district. However, due to the merit-based nature of the school and the conceivably high level of academic demand, the quota for the lottery program is usually very small, accounting for less than 10 percent of the incoming class.
- Early Development Program (EDP, 早培): EDP is targeted to academically-gifted and precocious Grade 5 students. RDFZ administers a separate entrance exam (including Chinese, English, Math and Science). And the students go through an accelerated curriculum that will enable them graduate one year earlier than usual.
- Talent Program (特长生): students with special talent in Music, Art, Sports and Science are admitted through this program.
- Regular Placement (统招): students are assessed by their academic and extracurricular achievements in primary school. This is the largest entrance program by the number of students.
- Feeder Schools (生源校): RDFZ also assigns special quota to its feeder schools (e.g. The Elementary School Affiliated to Renmin University of China).
- Discretionary Placement (条子生): Although never publicly confirmed and often vehemently denied by the school officials, there has been reports that RDFZ admits students with political and business ties.
Senior High School
Admitted senior high school (高中) students usually come from one of the following admission programs:
- High School Entrance Exam (Zhongkao, 中考): a majority of the senior high class is admitted based on the candidate's Zhongkao score.
- Direct Entry (直升): Within the RDFZ system, students with perfect grades in their junior high career are offered unconditional admission to the senior high school; junior high students with less than perfect grades are sometimes offered conditional admissions (if the student can achieve a certain score in Zhongkao).
- EDP: Barring exceptional circumstance, all EDP students are offered direct entries to senior high.
University Admission Result
Since the turn of the 21st century, RDFZ has been sending the highest number of graduates to Peking University and Tsinghua University (the top 2 universities in China) in Beijing. The dominance peaked in 2009 Gaokao, when 30 percent (181/~600) of the graduating class gained admission to Peking University and Tsinghua University (compared to the 1 percent nominal admission rate in Beijing and 0.1 percent in mainland China). Some critics have attributed RDFZ's academic success to the growing disparity in education resources. However, others have argued RDFZ's trailblazing experience in liberal arts and general education is the main reason of the success.
The school is divided into several campuses spanning an area of 142 acres (57 ha). These include the Main Campus, the First Branch Campus, the Second Branch Campus, the Xishan Campus, the Chaoyang Campus, the Beihang Fuzhong and the Zhengzhou Campus. The school has a virtual science laboratory donated by Apple Inc., an electronics classroom, a graphic design classroom, a New Dynamic English classroom, a distance learning classroom, a driving simulator and a self-service network-based laboratory. Each classroom in the school is equipped with a multimedia system.
The students' union (Chinese: 团委学生组织; lit. 'Youth League student organization') serves as the school's student government and is under the authority of the Communist Youth League of China. The union is divided into several departments, each with a specific purpose. The activities department (Chinese: 学生会活动部; lit. 'student union activities department'), for example, is responsible for school events including dances, concerts and competitions. Some departments, like the presidium (主席团) and secretariat (秘书处), have purely administrative duties. The union's editorial division is responsible for issuing the quarterly student magazine. The union also manages a service department called the Volunteer Group (志愿团), whose purpose is to provide volunteer services to the neighboring Haidian District.
More than two-thirds of RDFZ students are involved in extracurricular groups or clubs. Popular clubs include Model United Nations, the Debate Club, the Astronomy Club, the Art History Club, and the Bridge Club. Student artistic and athletic organizations sponsored by the school include an orchestra, a marching orchestra, a dance troupe, a martial arts group, a choir, and a gymnastics team.
- Shanghai Datong High School, Shanghai, China
- Hou Kong Middle School, Macau, China
- Holy Trinity College, Hong Kong, China
- Fukien Secondary School, Hong Kong, China
- Daewon Foreign Language High School, Seoul, South Korea
- Hana Academy Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
- Musashi Junior and Senior High School, Tokyo, Japan
- Ikeda Senior High School Attached to Osaka Kyoiku University, Osaka, Japan
- Hagoromo Gakuen Junior College, Osaka, Japan
- Kitayodokoto School, Osaka, Japan
- School of Science and Technology, Singapore, Singapore
- Raffles Institution, Singapore
- Raffles Girls' School (Secondary), Singapore
- Mahidol University International Demonstration School, Bangkok, Thailand
- Niels Steensens Gymnasium, Copenhagen, Denmark
- Rungsted Boarding School, Rungsted, Denmark
- Ekenäs Gymnasium, Ekenäs, Finland
- Kantonsschule am Burggraben St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
- Ferdinand Porsche Gymnasium, Stuttgart, Germany
- Hamelin Laie International School, Barcelona, Spain
- British Council School, Madrid, Spain
- Harrow School, Harrow, London, United Kingdom
- Eton College, Eton, Berkshire, United Kingdom
- The Emmbrook School, Wokingham, Berkshire, United Kingdom
- The Holt School, Wokingham, Berkshire, United Kingdom
- The Piggott School, Wargrave, Berkshire, United Kingdom
- Wellington College, Crowthorne, Berkshire, United Kingdom
- Phillips Andover Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, United States
- Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire, United States
- Punahou School, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
- Georgetown Day School, Washington, D.C., United States
- Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, Fairfax County, Virginia, United States
- Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy, Aurora, Illinois, United States
- Hao Jianxiu (郝建秀) – CPPCC Vice Chairman
- Han Xu (韩叙) – Chinese Ambassador to the United States
- Song Demin (宋德敏) – CPPCC Chief Secretary
- Liu Zheng (刘政) – CPPCC Vice Chief Secretary
- Wei Jingsheng (魏京生) – human rights activist
- Dai Wei (戴威) – founder of Ofo
- Liu Qing (柳青) – president of Didi Chuxing
- Cheng Congfu (程丛夫) – racing driver
- Hou Yifan (侯逸凡) – Chinese chess grandmaster
- Zhang Peimeng (张培萌) – track and field sprinter
- Yang Peiyi (杨沛宜) – teenage singer
- Zhang Nuanxin (张暖忻) – film director
- Chloé Zhao (赵婷) - film director
- Xu Qing (许晴) - actress
The school has two alumni associations:
- Mainland Alumni Association, targeting alumni living in China (predominantly in Beijing), is headquartered in the Main Campus.
- International Alumni Association, targeting members of the RDFZ diaspora outside of Mainland China, is founded in Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 2008. The New York branch holds annual functions in spring.
In Popular Culture
RDFZ Students, rightfully or wrongly, have been associated with privilege and elitism. RDFZ Students are known for their high school spirit. Students/Alumni wearing school uniforms have been spotted in university campuses, shopping malls, and around the globe. On Chinese social media platforms, students have been "caricatured" as wearing their uniforms while showering.
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- Official website (in Chinese)