|Mesoregion||Vale São-Franciscano da Bahia|
|Founded||May 9th, 1833|
|• Mayor||Isaac Cavalcante de Carvalho|
|• Total||2,509,860 sq mi (6,500,520 km2)|
|Elevation||3,600 ft (1,100 m)|
|Time zone||BRT (UTC-3)|
Juazeiro, formerly also known as Joazeiro, is a municipality in the state of Bahia, in the northeastern region of Brazil. Its name comes from the juazeiro tree which grows in the region. The city is twinned with Petrolina, in the state of Pernambuco. The two cities are connected by a modern bridge crossing the São Francisco River. Together they form the metropolitan region of Petrolina-Juazeiro, an urban conglomerate of close to 500,000 inhabitants.
It was founded in 1833 and became a city on July 15, 1878.
Its city districts are Abóbora, Carnaíba, Itamotinga, Junco, Juremal, Massaroca, and Pinhões.
The annual average temperature is 24.2 °C. Although it lies on the São Francisco River and the Curaçá River, the climate of the city is semi-arid and it gets an annual precipitation of only 399 mm. For more detailed information on the climate see Petrolina. Juazeiro was at the center of an ongoing mosquito spread Zika virus outbreak in early 2016. It is also the city in which the company Oxitec released genetically modified mosquito to combat Dengue fever during the height of summer in 2015. Oxitec claims on their website that the project eradicated over 90% of existing mosquito in the area beginning in July 2015. It is not yet known if genetic mosquito may have been the catalyst to the massive Zika outbreak of 2016 since, according to Oxitec, non GM mosquito populations have been decimated.
There are highway connections with several capitals of the Northeast and railroad connections to the coast are made by the Ferrovia Centro-Atlântica. The railroad connection ends at the fluvial port of Juazeiro.
Like its sister city Petrolina, Juazeiro has experienced great growth in the last decade due to the irrigation of the semi-arid soils with water from the São Francisco River. Fruit cultivation is important to such an extent that Juazeiro entitles itself "Capital of Irrigated Fruit", which is exported between the Petrolina Airport to USA and/or Europe. For more detailed information on the development of this fertile valley see the article on Petrolina.
Main agricultural products in planted area (2003):
- bananas: 18 km²
- coconut: 2.72 km²
- guava: 2.5 km²
- lemon: 2 km²
- papaya: 0.45 km²
- mango: 60 km²
- passion fruit: 0.9 km²
- grapes: 21 km²
- sugarcane: 152.53 km²
- onions: 3.4 km²
- beans: 4.04 km²
- manioc: 4.2 km²
- watermelon: 4.5 km²
- melon: 1.95 km²
- tomato: 0.32 km²
Data is from IBGE
Juazeiro is the birthplace of Brazil and Barcelona footballer Dani Alves, as well as the precursor of the bossa nova movement, guitarist/songwriter João Gilberto and the Latin Grammy Award-winning Brazilian singer Ivete Sangalo.
- "Área territorial oficial" [Oficial Territorial Area] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics(IBGE). 2002-10-10. Retrieved 2010-12-05.
- "Censo Populacional 2010" [Census 2010] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics(IBGE). 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
- "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" (PDF) (in Portuguese). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2010. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- * "Bahia", Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed., Vol. III, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1911, p. 210.