Kazimar Big Mosque
Kazimar Periya Pallivasal or Kazimar Big Mosque is a mosque in Madurai city, Tamil Nadu, India. The mosque was founded by Kazi Syed Tajuddin, a descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who came from Yemen during 13th century and received this land from the King Kulasekara Ku(n) Pandiyan. The mosque which was the first Muslim place of worship in Madurai.
The mosque, which can accommodate about 2,500 people, is within 500 metres of the Periyar (central) bus stand, within one kilometre south-east of Madurai Junction railway station and 800 meters south west of the Meenakshi Temple.
Madurai Maqbara, the dargah of Madurai Hazrats (Meer Ahamad Ibrahim, Meer Amjad Ibrahim and Syed Abdus Salaam Ibrahim - descendants of Muhammad) is located inside the mosque. Almost all of Kazi Syed Thajuddheen's descendants (Huqdars of this mosque called as Syeds) have lived in the same locality (Kazimar street) for more than 700 years, and have managed the mosque since then. Syed Tajuddin was appointed as Kazi of the sultans, and still his descendants who live at Kazimar street, Madurai, are appointed as Kazis to the Government of Tamil Nadu. All Syeds belong to the Sunni sect of Islam, its Hanafi school and most of the descendants of Kazi Syed Tajuddin are shazulis who follow the Sufi order Fassiyatush Shadhiliya.
Kazi Syed Tajuddin arabi Madrasah is located inside the mosque campus in which around 120 students learn basic Arabic. Moulavi Hafil Syed Alimullah baqavi runs this Madrasah.
Kazi & Imams
The huqdars of this mosque have been appointed as Kazis of Madurai to the government since the 13th century, from the period of Qazi Syed Tajuddin. The present government Qazi of Madurai, Moulana A.Syed Khaja Mueenuddeen B.A., is a huqdar of this mosque and a descendant of Qazi Syed Tajuddin. The service of presiding the daily prayers and Friday sermons (Imamat and Qitabat) are done by the descendants of the founder Qazi Syed Tajuddin, from his period until today.
Kazimar Big mosque has been managed by the descendants of Kazi Syed Tajudding from the day of the inception of the mosque. There are around 450 huqdars of this mosque from among whom the management committee is selected. Presently, the mosque is being managed by a board of four trustees selected from, among and by the Huqdars of this mosque who are the descendants of the founder of this mosque Qazi Syed Tajuddin. Their tenure is for three years. In January 2017 the General body of huqdars of the mosque decided to increase the seats in the management committee from four to fourteen. The earlier committee of four would be trustees and the additional committee of ten would be executive members.
- Shokoohy, Mehrdad (2003). Muslim Architecture of South India: The Sultanate of Ma'bar and the traditions of maritime settlers on the Malabar and Coramandel Coasts (Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Goa). Inter-India Publications. ISBN 0-415-30207-2.