|Owner||State of Schleswig-Holstein (55%)
City of Kiel (45%)
|Elevation AMSL||101 ft / 31 m|
Kiel Airport (German: Flughafen Kiel, IATA: KEL, ICAO: EDHK) is a small regional airport in Kiel, Germany. It is located in the borough of Holtenau, 8.3 km (5.2 mi) north of the city centre. It is registered as a public airfield (German: Verkehrslandeplatz). As of 2006, it served 30,528 passengers p. a.
The aerodrome was built in 1914 on a plain area that had been created from material dug out during the construction of the Kiel Canal. In 1927, the Kiel Airport Company (German: Kieler Flughafengesellschaft) was founded, which operated the State Airport of Kiel (German: Landflughafen Kiel). During this time, there were 27 national and international destinations. In 1937, the airport was designated a military airbase. However, it continued to be used for civilian flights, such as scheduled flights to Braunschweig and Berlin (Tempelhof).
In 1987, the terminal that is still used today was built. At the same time Lufthansa began offering scheduled flights to Frankfurt, and later to Cologne/Bonn, Munich, Copenhagen, Kaliningrad and Riga.
In 1995, the airport became a civilian airport again and in 1997, a new control tower that was operated by civilian staff was constructed. However, it continues to be used for military purposes.
A new hangar was built in 2000. In the same year, the airport's future prospects were analysed. Based on that analysis, plans approved by the state administration of Schleswig-Holstein in March 2002 included an extension of the runway from 1300 m to 2100 m. This would have allowed jet aircraft to land at Kiel. Federal Highway B 503 would have crossed the extended runway in a tunnel.
However, use of the airport declined in the following years as more and more scheduled flight routes were discontinued. When the last route was cut on 23 December 2005, operation of the airport was suspended until 3 April 2006 and on 24 January 2006, the state's Secretary of Commerce announced that the extension plans were scrapped for good.
Cirrus Airlines operated scheduled flights to Munich from 2 May 2006 using a single DHC-8-100 aircraft, which was based in Kiel Airport. The state of Schleswig-Holstein offered subsidies for three years. However, as the number of passengers was substantially lower than expected, the service was discontinued in October 2006.
Airlines and destinations
There are no scheduled services to and from Kiel Airport.
Luftsportverein Kiel e.V. (German for Air Sports Association Kiel), the charter airline FLM Aviation and a helicopter flight service are based at Kiel Airport. Further, there are annual Internationale Flugtage (German for International Aviation Days) with air acrobatics, parachute jumps and displays of historic aeroplanes.
The aerodrome has been in military use from the beginning. During World War II, the Luftwaffe operated aircraft in support of the Kriegsmarine from the base, including the 2nd, 3rd, and 5th squadrons of Embarked Air Group 196 (German: Bordfliegergruppe 196) which provided aircraft for service aboard surface combatants. Since 1958, it is a base for air wings of the German Navy. Currently, the Air Wing No. 5 (German: Marinefliegergeschwader 5) is based at Kiel, which is known for search and rescue operations flown from the airport with Sea King helicopters. In the long run, these aircraft are planned to be replaced by MH 90 aircraft. The new helicopters are to be based with Air Wing No. 3 at Nordholz and to dissolve the Kiel military airbase.
Further, German Air Force aircraft operating as fake targets for practice depart from Kiel Airport.
Incidents and accidents
- On 15 February 2006, a private aircraft from Russia had to make an emergency landing at Kiel because of smoke within the aircraft. The plane overran the runway and slipped down a slope as the pilot was unfamiliar with the airport and misunderstood the runway length given over the radio.
- Kieler Flughafengesellschaft (September 2008). "Flughafenbenutzungsordnung (FBO)" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- EAD Basic
- Kieler Flughafengesellschaft. "Verkehrszahlen" (in German). Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Pipes, Jason. "Bordfliegergruppe 196". Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung. "Bulletin Februar 2006" (PDF) (in German). pp. 1, 6 (Az. AX001–0/06).
Media related to Kiel Airport at Wikimedia Commons