Kumaon Mastiff

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Kumaon Mastiff
Other names Sipro Kukur (Kumauni - सिप्रो कुकुर)
Country of origin Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India
Classification / standards
Not recognized by any major kennel club
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

Kumaon Mastiff (Kumauni: सिप्रो कुकुर) is a rare breed of dog originating in Uttarakhand state of India. Originally bred as a watch dog in the hills of Kumaon this dog is today rare, even in the region of its origin.[1]


It is said that the dogs primitive ancestors were domiciled in the Kumaon region.


Kumaon Mastiff is a large dog with fairly lean, muscular, well-boned bodies. They have a large powerful head and a strong neck . They have a short, soft coat that always comes in brindle, ranging from dark to light shades. They may also have white markings. The average height of these dogs is 28 inches.[2]

Their appearance has been described to be similar to old Great Danes.


They are aggressive dogs and need training.These dogs have great guarding ability and they show protective instinct from the strangers and intruders. [3]

Endangered Breed[edit]

It is estimated that only 150-200 individuals of this breed exist in its country of origin i.e. India [4] in the distant interiors of Kumaon hills, Uttarakhand.

Greater population of these dogs may be present in Europe,[1] particularly in Italy and Finland[2] where it was introduced by breeders who took the breed to Europe in the late 19th century.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Kumaon Mastiff-On the Verge of Extinction". mastiffdogsite.com. Retrieved March 31, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Cypor Kukur". Retrieved March 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Kumaon Mastiff Dog Breed Information". petsworld.in. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Endangered Breeds". BSL Information. Retrieved March 31, 2013. 

External links[edit]