Kumaon Mastiff

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Kumaon Mastiff
Other namesSipro Kukur
Cypro Kukur
OriginKumaon, Uttarakhand, India
Breed statusNot recognized as a standardized breed by any major kennel club.
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Kumaon Mastiff, also known as the Cypro Kukur (Kumauni: सिप्रो कुकुर), is a rare Molosser-type working breed of dog originating in Uttarakhand state of India.[1] Originally bred as a watch dog and livestock guardian in the hills of Kumaon, this dog is rare even in the region of its origin.[citation needed]


It is said[by whom?] that the dogs primitive ancestors were domiciled in the Kumaon region.[citation needed]


Kumaon Mastiff is a large dog with fairly lean, muscular, well-boned bodies. They have a large powerful head and a strong neck. They have a short, soft coat that always comes in brindle, ranging from dark to light shades. They may also have white markings. The average height of these dogs is 28 inches.[2]

Their appearance has been described to be similar to old Great Danes.[2]


They are aggressive dogs and need training. These dogs have great guarding ability and they show protective instinct against strangers and intruders. [3]

Endangered breed[edit]

It is estimated that only 150-200 individuals of this breed exist in its country of origin, India [4] in the distant interiors of the Kumaon hills, Uttarakhand.

A greater population of these dogs may be present in Europe,[5] particularly in Italy and Finland[2] where it was introduced by breeders who took the breed to Europe in the late 19th century.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hancock, David (2014). Dogs of the Shepherds: A Review of the Pastoral Breeds. Crowood. ISBN 9781847978097. Unlikely to survive a lack of recognition and failing interest in the pastures are the brindle Cypro Kukur or Kumaon Mastiff of northern India, the Cane Garouf or Italian Alpine Mastiff or Patua, and the Corsican native livestock protection dog, the Cursinu, resembling the Karst
  2. ^ a b c "Cypro Kukur". Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Kumaon Mastiff Dog Breed Information". petsworld.in. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  4. ^ "Endangered Breeds". BSL Information. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  5. ^ "Kumaon Mastiff-On the Verge of Extinction". mastiffdogsite.com. Retrieved March 31, 2013.

External links[edit]