Lào Cai

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Lào Cai

Thành phố Lào Cai
Lào Cai City
Lào Cai.jpg
Official seal of Lào Cai
Seal
Lào Cai is located in Vietnam
Lào Cai
Lào Cai
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 22°28′50″N 103°58′30″E / 22.48056°N 103.97500°E / 22.48056; 103.97500Coordinates: 22°28′50″N 103°58′30″E / 22.48056°N 103.97500°E / 22.48056; 103.97500
CountryVietnam
ProvinceLào Cai Province
Established city30 November 2004
Area
 • Total282.13 km2 (108.93 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total130,671
ClimateCwa

Lào Cai ([làːw kāːj] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in the Northwest region of Vietnam. It is the capital of Lào Cai Province. The city borders Bảo Thắng District, Bát Xát District, Sa Pa and the city of Hekou Yao Autonomous County, in Yunnan province of southwest China. It lies at the junction of the Red River (Sông Hồng) and the Nanxi River (Yunnan) approximately 160 miles (260 km) northwest of Hanoi.[2]

It is a market town for timber, and the Lào Cai Railway Station is located on the Hải Phòng railway to Yunnan Province in China.

History[edit]

The town was invaded by China in 1979 and the border was closed until 1993.[3][4] The town has a carbide factory.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2020 the city had a population of 130,671, covering an area of 282.13 km².[1]

Ethnic minorities in Lào Cai used to speak Southwestern Mandarin and Vietnamese to each other when their languages were not mutually intelligible.[5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Lào Cai City is officially divided into 17 commune-level sub-divisions, including 10 wards (Bắc Cường, Bắc Lệnh, Bình Minh, Cốc Lếu, Duyên Hải, Kim Tân, Lào Cai, Nam Cường, Pom Hán, and Xuân Tăng) and 7 rural communes (Cam Đường, Cốc San, Đồng Tuyển, Hợp Thành, Tả Phời, Thống Nhất, Vạn Hòa).[1]

Climate[edit]

Lào Cai has a dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cwa), similar to most of Northern Vietnam.

Climate data for Lào Cai
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
34.6
(94.3)
38.0
(100.4)
38.1
(100.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.1
(104.2)
39.7
(103.5)
40.0
(104.0)
36.8
(98.2)
37.2
(99.0)
33.2
(91.8)
31.5
(88.7)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
21.3
(70.3)
25.3
(77.5)
28.8
(83.8)
32.1
(89.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.7
(90.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.3
(88.3)
28.7
(83.7)
25.1
(77.2)
21.9
(71.4)
27.7
(81.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
17.0
(62.6)
20.7
(69.3)
24.2
(75.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
27.5
(81.5)
26.3
(79.3)
24.0
(75.2)
20.2
(68.4)
17.0
(62.6)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
21.1
(70.0)
23.6
(74.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.4
(75.9)
23.3
(73.9)
21.2
(70.2)
17.5
(63.5)
14.3
(57.7)
20.0
(68.0)
Record low °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
5.6
(42.1)
6.8
(44.2)
10.0
(50.0)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
20.0
(68.0)
17.3
(63.1)
15.8
(60.4)
8.8
(47.8)
5.8
(42.4)
2.8
(37.0)
1.4
(34.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.9)
33
(1.3)
58
(2.3)
129
(5.1)
171
(6.7)
239
(9.4)
302
(11.9)
355
(14.0)
222
(8.7)
153
(6.0)
54
(2.1)
27
(1.1)
1,764
(69.4)
Average precipitation days 7.8 8.8 11.5 15.8 16.8 18.7 20.9 21.1 15.8 14.8 10.2 7.7 169.8
Average relative humidity (%) 84.8 84.0 82.5 83.1 81.4 84.4 85.8 86.0 85.5 85.8 86.3 85.8 84.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 80 70 102 142 180 145 158 160 158 133 109 104 1,539
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Nghị quyết số 896/NQ-UBTVQH14 năm 2020 về việc sắp xếp các đơn vị hành chính cấp huyện, cấp xã thuộc tỉnh Lào Cai". 2020-01-11.
  2. ^ Lào Cai profile in Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  3. ^ Lào Cai info. at AccessVietnam Travel Archived 2007-12-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David: Vietnam Past and Present: The North (History and culture of Hanoi and Tonkin). Chiang Mai. Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006DCCM9Q.
  5. ^ Masako Ito (2013). Politics of Ethnic Classification in Vietnam. Kyoto University Press. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-1-920901-72-1.
  6. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.

External links[edit]