Languages of Iberia

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Iberian languages is a generic term for the languages currently or formerly spoken in the Iberian Peninsula.

Historic languages[edit]

Pre-Roman languages[edit]

Pre-Roman languages of Iberia circa 300 BC

The following languages were spoken in the Iberian Peninsula before the Roman occupation and the spread of the Latin language.

Medieval languages[edit]

The following languages were spoken in the Iberian Peninsula in medieval times, following the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

Modern languages[edit]

The following indigenous languages are currently spoken in the Iberian Peninsula.

By linguistic group[edit]

Languages of the Iberian Peninsula (simplified).

By country[edit]

Usage of co-official languages in Spain[edit]

Map of co-official languages in Spain
Speakers of official languages in the Spanish autonomous communities
(as a % of each region's population)
Autonomous community Co-official languages Co-official language speakers
Balearic Islands (2011)[4] Catalan 71.5%
Basque Country (2011)[5] Basque 32.0%
Catalonia (2011)[4] Catalan 80.9%
Galicia (2007)[6] Galician 89.3%
Navarre (2011)[5] Basque 11.7%
Valencian Community (2011)[4] Valencian (Catalan) 58.4%
Asturias[7] Asturian language 42.0%

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Launch of British Sign Language in Gibraltar Archived 2012-04-29 at the Wayback Machine..
  2. ^ Act 1/1998, March 23 of Principality of Asturias)
  3. ^ Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, article 6th and Act 35/2010, October 1st of Parliament of Catalonia
  4. ^ a b c "Informe sobre la situació de la llengua catalana" (PDF). Observatori de la llengua catalana. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  5. ^ a b "V. Inkesta Soziolinguistikoa". Hizkuntza Politikarako Sailburuordetza. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  6. ^ "Situación da lingua galega na sociedade. Observación no ámbito da cidadanía 2007" (PDF). Observatorio da Lingua Galega/Xunta de Galicia. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Sociollingüística". Espaciu y Tiempu de la llingua asturiana. Retrieved 6 January 2013.