Lee Wai Tong

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Lee Wai Tong
Personal information
Date of birth (1905-10-16)16 October 1905
Place of birth Tai Hang, Hong Kong
Date of death 4 July 1979(1979-07-04) (aged 73)
Place of death Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
Height 1.80 m (5 ft 10.9 in)
Playing position Striker
Youth career
1922 South China
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1923–1925 South China
1926–1930 Loh Hwa
1931–1947 South China
Total unknown (1260[1])
National team
1923–1941 China[1]
Teams managed
1926–1930 Fudan University
1934 China
1948 China
1954–1958 Republic of China
1966–? Ming Chuan College (women)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Lee Wai Tong
Chinese 李惠堂

Lee Wai Tong or Li Huitang (Chinese: 李惠堂; 16 October 1905 – 4 July 1979[2]) was a Chinese international association football player and head coach. He is often regarded as the greatest Chinese footballer due to his accomplishments in winning several Far Eastern Games titles with the national team as well as captaining the national football squad to their first ever Olympic tournament in 1936, which was held in Berlin.[3] This was also followed by having an extremely successful club career where he predominantly played for South China and helped establish the club in being the most successful team in Hong Kong history.[4] After his retirement, he moved into management where he guided Republic of China to win the 1954 Asian Games.[5]

Playing career[edit]

Lee Wai Tong was born in Tai Hang, Hong Kong as the third child to a construction firm owner before he moved back to his parents home of Wuhua County in Meizhou, Guangdong, China at the age of four. His father is born from Hong Kong while mother is Chen Qiongsheng, Guangdong Xiangshan (now Zhongshan City).It was there that he was informally taught how to play football until to moved back to Hong Kong and was formally trained at Queen's College, Hong Kong.[3] He left school early initially to help his fathers construction company before he joined South China AA as a youth player in 1922. By 1923 he would graduate to the senior team where he quickly showed himself as being a highly talented striker, which soon saw him called up to the Chinese national football team to represent them for the 1923 Far Eastern Championship Games held in Osaka, Japan.[3] Within the tournament China won the championship and Lee was considered the young stand out star of the tournament.[6]

Lee's reputation significantly grew when he returned to club football and he won the 1923–24 Hong Kong First Division League title with South China.[4] His international reputation was solidified when he was able to retain the Far Eastern Championship Games Gold medal in the 1925 championship held in Manila, Philippines. These successful tournaments saw him reported as the greatest Chinese footballer at the time by the Chinese media.[7] After these successes Lee returned to China and joined Fudan University in Shanghai as an athletic director. This allowed him the opportunity to join Loh Hwa, a gregarious team who were built from St. John's University, Shanghai, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, University of Shanghai, Jinan University and his own Fudan University sports team where they predominantly played in local and regional championships because they offered the only annual competitions within China during the amateur era.[8]

In 1931 he returned to South China and won the 1932–33 Hong Kong First Division League title for the club.[9] This would soon be followed by winning the 1934–35 and 1935–36 league titles, which was the first time ever they were able to retain the title.[10][11] This was followed by China's first ever football participation in the 1936 Summer Olympics making them the joint first Asian nation along with Japan to take part in that tournament. Lee would, however struggle to see his nation participate in their first truly worldwide tournament when the Chinese government could only give 170,000 from the required 220,000 Yuan the team needed to get to the Berlin Olympics.[7] To get the nessary funds China played a series of exhibition games against Vietnam, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar and India to gain the necessary funds for the trip. The team would reach their target and Lee would captain the side against Great Britain in the last 16 within the tournament.[12]

After the Olympic games Lee's football career would be cut short by the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. Initially Lee continued with his club career with South China until Hong Kong was also occupied by the Japanese. Lee was able to escape to Guangdong and joined the Chinese Army where he spent the war playing exhibition games to raise money for the war effort.[2] He was promoted to Major General within the sports division before returning to South China after the war. After spending several seasons with the club he retired in 1948 at the age of 43.[13]

Coaching career[edit]

Lee Wai Tong's first coaching experience came while he was still a player and he took a job with Fudan University while he played for Loh Hwa. With him also captaining the Chinese side and the team not having any permanent coach Lee would manage the side for the 1934 Far Eastern Championship Games, which he also played in as China won the tournament.[14]

In 1948 the Chinese national team reappointed Lee as coach, this time for the Football at the 1948 Summer Olympics. On a self-financed training course in the Philippines and Thailand he took the team away for three months while they prepared for the London Olympics. At the tournament China faced Turkey in the last 16 but were defeated 4-0 within the game.[15] After the defeat Lee returned to China in the middle of the Chinese Civil War and did not coach until after the conflict. By then his team had been split into two, Republic of China national football team (later renamed Chinese Taipei) and China national football team. On 1954 Lee decided to join the Republic of China national football team as their first permanent coach and lead them to win the 1954 Asian Games.[16]

After winning the Football at the 1958 Asian Games Lee would move away from coaching and he became vice-chairman of the Chinese Taipei Football Association. In 1965 he became vice-president of FIFA, being the first Chinese to reach that position.[17]

Honours[edit]

As a player[edit]

Club[edit]

South China

National team[edit]

Republic of China

As a coach[edit]

Republic of China

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 李惠堂:中國的世界級球王 (in Chinese). paper.wenweipo.com. 2008-03-15. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  2. ^ a b 迎奥运,纪念足球前辈、一代球王李惠堂 (in Chinese). gb.cri.cn. 2007-07-25. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  3. ^ a b c 1966年世界五大足球王 中国李惠堂跻身其中 (in Chinese). sports.sina.com.cn. 2005-07-09. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Hongkong - List of Champions and Runners-Up". rsssf.com. 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  5. ^ "Asian Games 1954". rsssf.com. 2014-10-02. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  6. ^ "Sixth Far Eastern Games 1923". rsssf.com. 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  7. ^ a b 中国球王李惠堂:横扫日本 踢服英伦 (in Chinese). news.ifeng.com. 2008-08-13. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  8. ^ 亞洲球王李惠堂二三事 (in Chinese). dailynews.sina.com. 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  9. ^ "Hongkong 1932/33". rsssf.com. 2014-03-20. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  10. ^ "Hongkong 1934/35". rsssf.com. 2014-03-20. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  11. ^ "Hongkong 1935/36". rsssf.com. 2014-03-20. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  12. ^ "Great Britain 2-0 China". englandstats.com. 2010. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  13. ^ 民国“球王”李惠堂拒绝为日本人踢球 (in Chinese). view.news.qq.com. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  14. ^ "Tenth Far Eastern Games 1934 (Manila)". rsssf.com. 2015-02-19. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 
  15. ^ "Olympic Football Tournament London 1948". FIFA. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 
  16. ^ "Asian Games 1954". rsssf.com. 2014-10-02. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 
  17. ^ 李惠堂 (in Chinese). data.sports.163.com. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 

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