Shanghai Jiao Tong University

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Shanghai Jiao Tong University
上海交通大学
Shanghai Jiao Tong University seal
Former names
Nanyang Public School
Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung
National Chiao Tung University
Jiao Tong University
Motto饮水思源, 爱国荣校[1]
Motto in English
Gratitude and Responsibility.[2]
TypePublic
Established1896
PresidentLin Zhongqin
Party SecretaryJiang Sixian
Academic staff
2,979
Undergraduates16,802[3]
Postgraduates19,436 Master Candidates
5,059 Ph.D. Candidates[4]
LocationShanghai, China
31°12′03″N 121°25′47″E / 31.20083°N 121.42972°E / 31.20083; 121.42972 (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)Coordinates: 31°12′03″N 121°25′47″E / 31.20083°N 121.42972°E / 31.20083; 121.42972 (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
CampusUrban
AffiliationsC9, Universitas 21
Websitewww.sjtu.edu.cn
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Simplified Chinese上海交通大学
Traditional Chinese上海交通大學
Main gate of Xuhui campus
Antai College of Economics and Management
Old library on Xuhui campus
Shanghai Jiao Tong University Xuhui Campus
Statue of Sheng Xuanhuai at SJTU

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU; Chinese: 上海交通大学) is a major research university in Shanghai. Established in 1896 as Nanyang Public School by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, it has been referred to as "The MIT of the East" since the 1930s.[5][6] It is one of the nine members of the elite C9 League, the Chinese equivalent of the Ivy League,[7] and is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[8]

Name[edit]

The word "Jiao Tong" (交通), formerly romanized as "Chiao Tung", means transportation or communication. It reflects the university's root — it was founded by the Ministry of Posts and Communications of the late Qing dynasty.

History[edit]

In 1896, the Nanyang Public School (南洋公學) was founded in Shanghai by the imperial edict of the Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the Qing Dynasty imperial government. Four schools were established: a normal school, a school of foreign studies, a middle school, and a high school. Sheng Xuanhuai, the mandarin who proposed the idea to the Guangxu Emperor, became the first president and is, along with missionary educator John Calvin Ferguson, regarded as the founder of the university.

Nanyang Public School

The Ministry of Commerce assumed administration of the college in 1904, and in 1905 changed the college's name to Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry. In 1906, the college was placed under the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs, and its name was changed to Shanghai Industrial College of the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs. When the Republic of China was founded, the college was placed under the Ministry of Communications and its name was once again changed, this time to Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry.

In 1918, the Republic of China government founded the School of Management. After a merger with two other colleges in 1920, the name changed to Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung.

The college achieved world renown in the 1930s, and was referred to as the "Eastern MIT".[9] In 1938, the Ministry of Education assumed administration of the university and renamed it to National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學), the name by which daughter institution National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is known to this day. In 1943, the graduate school was founded.

When the Japanese surrendered in 1945, neither the Communist Party of China (CPC) nor the Kuomintang KMT trusted each other or were actively cooperating. After American-sponsored attempts to negotiate a coalition government failed in 1946, the Chinese Civil War resumed. The CPC defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiang's government to retreat to Taiwan. During the evacuation, a part of faculty and alumni was taken to Taiwan by Chiang Kai-shek, founding National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan in 1958.

After the Chinese Civil War, the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. Chiao Tung lost its "National" appellation and became Chiao Tung University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public.

In the 1950s, the pinyin romanization system was developed in Mainland China and Chiao Tung University changed its English name to Jiao Tong University.

Shanghai Second Medical University was merged into Shanghai Jiao Tong University on July 18, 2005, under the name Medical School of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

KoGuan Law School

Since the reform and opening up policy in China, SJTU has grown substantially. It is composed of five campuses, including Xuhui, Minhang, Luwan, Qibao, and Fahua (法华), taking up an area of about 3,225,833 square meters. [10]

In 2013, François Hollande inaugurated the SJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology (SPEIT), an institution based on the French engineering education system. The four founding member universities are École Polytechnique, ENSTA ParisTech, Mines ParisTech and Télécom ParisTech[11]

The university was also producer of the Academic Ranking of World Universities until 2008.

Academics, enrollment, and staff[edit]

School of Mechanical Engineering, Minhang Campus

Today SJTU has 31 schools (departments), 63 undergraduate programs, 250 masters-degree programs, 203 Ph.D. programs, 28 post-doctorate programs, and 11 state key laboratories and national engineering research centers.

Its total enrollment of students amounts to 42,881, of which 1,598 are international students. There are 17,766 undergraduates, and 24,017 masters and Ph.D. candidates.[10]

The university has more than 1,900 professors and associate professors, including 15 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 92 accredited professors and chair professors of the "Cheung Kong Scholars Program".

Reputation and rankings[edit]

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[12] 101–150
Times World[14] 188
QS World[13] 62
Regional
Times Asia[16] 18
QS Asia[15] 22
National
BCUR China[17] 4

Internationally, SJTU is ranked among 101–150th globally by ARWU (2014). The institution came sixth in the QS BRICS University Rankings[18] and was 27th in the counterpart conducted by Times Higher Education.[19]

Academic Ranking of World Universities[edit]

Since 2003, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has produced the Academic Ranking of World Universities[20] which analyzes the top universities in the world on quality of faculty (40%), research output (40%), quality of education (10%) and performance vs. size (10%).[21] Its ranking is exclusively of research universities, mainly in the empirical sciences.

Organization[edit]

Academic schools[edit]

  • Continuing Education
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • University of Michigan - Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute
  • Electronic, Information and Electrical Engineering
  • Materials Science and Engineering]
  • Sciences: Mathematics and Physics
  • Life Science and biotechnology
  • Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine
  • Humanities
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Antai College of Economics and Management
  • Finance and MBA
  • International and Public Affairs
  • Foreign Languages
  • Agriculture and Biology
  • Environmental Science and Engineering
  • Pharmaceutics
  • Medical
  • Law
  • Media and Design
  • Micro-electronics
  • Information Security Engineering
  • Software Engineering
First President of Jiaotong University, He Si Kun
Building on Xuhui campus
Dong Haoyun building

Directly affiliated departments[edit]

  • Department of Plastic Technology
  • Department of Sports

Graduate school[edit]

Affiliated institutes[edit]

  • Institute of Aerospace Science and Technology
  • Research Institute of Micro/Nano Science and Technology
  • Institute of Energy

Affiliated hospitals[edit]

Student organizations[edit]

SJTU Dancing Team[edit]

Diversified genres including Latin, Ballet, Chinese Folk Dance, Chinese Classical Dance and Yang Go.

  • Awards: Second-class prize on National University Art Competition

Campuses[edit]

Xuhui Campus[edit]

A scene of the original library, Xuhui campus
Library on Xuhui campus
Administrative building on Xuhui campus

The previous main campus was located in Xujiahui, in the Xuhui District of Shanghai, formerly a largely Catholic area and a site of several educational institutions.

Building of the Shanghai Jiao Tong University in Zihong Road

Most buildings on campus were influenced by American architecture, while the main gate, which was built in 1935, is of traditional Chinese style reflecting the University's earlier status as the "Imperial Polytechnic College". The approaches to the main gate were via a series of marble bridges, similar to, although smaller than, those built in front of Tiananmen. However, recent road expansions have demolished the river as well as most of bridges. A copy of this famous gate scene have been built on the east of Minhang campus.

The construction of the campus never came to an end in the past century. Existing buildings: the Middle College building (built in 1898), the original library (built in 1919), the gymnasium (built in 1925), the administrative building (built in 1933), the Xinjian building (built in 1953), the new Upper College building (built in 1955), the second teaching building (built in 1960), Bao Zhaolong library (built in 1985) and Haoran high-tech building (built in 1996) were constructed one after another.

The university's School of International Education is located here, where a large number of international students take classes throughout the academic year (however, most international students that take degree courses are in Minhang campus). The campus still houses a variety of scientific research institutions, State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering for instance, although most moved to the new campus since 1987

Minhang Campus[edit]

The Siyuan Lake, Minhang Campus

The Minhang campus is located in the Minhang District on the outskirts of metropolitan Shanghai. This young campus, which was founded in 1987, covers 2,822,903m2 once farmland. Zizhu Science Park, where Intel, ST Microelectronics, Microsoft, Sandisk and other high-tech companies placed their research and development centers, to the south of this campus.

Currently, most administrative and academic framework of the university and the majority of undergraduate and graduate students are situated at this campus, and the campus has three libraries and seven dining halls.

South Chongqing Road Campus[edit]

It used to be the campus of Shanghai Second Medical University, which is located in the Luwan District of Shanghai. The Aurora University (Shanghai), a pre-eminent Catholic university in Shanghai, was located there before 1952.

Qibao Campus[edit]

In 1999, Shanghai Agricultural College was merged into SJTU. Its campus, located at 2678 Qixin Road (postcode 201101), became the Qibao Campus of SJTU.

Shangzhong Road Campus[edit]

In 2006, Shanghai Jiao Tong University sold this campus to Shanghai High School.

Fahuazhen Road Campus[edit]

This campus is where Jiao Tong's Antai College of Economics and Management and the School of Continuing Education are located.

Notable alumni[edit]

Today, associations organized by Jiao Tong's alumni can be found in the United States, Japan, European Union countries, Canada, Southeast Asia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Mainland China. They call themselves Jiao Tong (Jiaoda) people.

The routine services of these alumni associations include: updating contact lists, holding conferences, conducting Sino-foreign cultural exchanges, and keeping contact with other alumni associations throughout the world.

Students from SJTU have won top prizes in various competitions, including ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest, International Mathematical Contest in Modeling and Electronics Design Contests. Famous alumni of SJTU or its predecessors include Jiang Zemin, Lu Dingyi, Ding Guangen, Wang Daohan, Qian Xuesen, Wu Wenjun, Zou Taofen, Mao Yisheng, Cai Er, Huang Yanpei, Shao Lizi, Wang An, and many more. More than 200 of the academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering are alumni of Jiao Tong University.

See: List of Notable Alumni of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 校训. Archived from the original on 2018-03-17. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  2. ^ "SJTU 2011 Undergraduate Commencement Ceremony". 2011-06-25. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20.
  3. ^ "2011–12-31 Overview (Undergraduate)". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Archived from the original on 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
  4. ^ "2011–12-31 Overview (Postgraduate)". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Archived from the original on 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
  5. ^ Sullivan, Lawrence R.; Liu, Nancy Y. (2015). Historical Dictionary of Science and Technology in Modern China. London: Rowman and Littlefield. p. 375.
  6. ^ Linehan, Paul Michael (2018). The Culture of Leadership in Contemporary China: Conflict, Values, and Perspectives for a New Generation. London: Lexington Books. p. 128.
  7. ^ "Best universities in China 2018". Times Higher Education. 6 September 2017.
  8. ^ 教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines).
  9. ^ "During the last century: Eastern MIT". Xi'an Jiao Tong University. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-06-19.
  10. ^ a b "About SJTU - Overview". Archived from the original on 2015-04-28.
  11. ^ Overview Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine., SJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology
  12. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017 Archived 2017-08-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ QS World University Rankings 2018 Archived 2017-06-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ World University Rankings 2018 Archived 2017-09-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ QS Asian University Rankings 2018 Archived 2016-06-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ Asia University Rankings 2017 Archived 2017-08-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Best Chinese Universities Ranking, Overall Ranking - 2018
  18. ^ "QS University Rankings: BRICS". Quacquarelli Symonds. 2013-12-17. Archived from the original on 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
  19. ^ "BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings 2014". Times Higher Education. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
  20. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2007 Archived 2007-08-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ ADRW2007-Methodology Archived 2008-01-09 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]