Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Nanyang Public School |
Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung
National Chiao Tung University
Jiao Tong University
Motto in English
|Gratitude and Responsibility.|
|Party Secretary||Jiang Sixian|
19,436 Master Candidates|
5,059 Ph.D. Candidates
|Affiliations||C9, Universitas 21|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University|
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU; Chinese: 上海交通大学) is a public research university in Shanghai, China. Established in 1896 as Nanyang Public School by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, it has been referred to as "The MIT of the East" since the 1930s. It is one of the nine members of the elite C9 League, the Chinese equivalent of the Ivy League, and is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Academics, enrollment, and staff
- 4 Organization
- 5 Campuses
- 6 Notable alumni
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The word "Jiao Tong" (交通), formerly romanized as "Chiao Tung", means transportation or communication. It reflects the university's root — it was founded by the Ministry of Posts and Communications of the late Qing dynasty.
In 1896, the Nanyang Public School (南洋公學) was founded in Shanghai by the imperial edict of the Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the Qing Dynasty imperial government. Four schools were established: a normal school, a school of foreign studies, a middle school, and a high school. Sheng Xuanhuai, the mandarin who proposed the idea to the Guangxu Emperor, became the first president and is, along with missionary educator John Calvin Ferguson, regarded as the founder of the university.
The Ministry of Commerce assumed administration of the college in 1904, and in 1905 changed the college's name to Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry. In 1906, the college was placed under the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs, and its name was changed to Shanghai Industrial College of the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs. When the Republic of China was founded, the college was placed under the Ministry of Communications and its name was once again changed, this time to Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry.
In 1918, the Republic of China government founded the School of Management. After a merger with two other colleges in 1920, the name changed to Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung.
The college achieved world renown in the 1930s, and was referred to as the "Eastern MIT". In 1938, the Ministry of Education assumed administration of the university and renamed it to National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學), the name by which daughter institution National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is known to this day. In 1943, the graduate school was founded.
When the Japanese surrendered in 1945, neither the Communist Party of China (CPC) nor the Kuomintang KMT trusted each other or were actively cooperating. After American-sponsored attempts to negotiate a coalition government failed in 1946, the Chinese Civil War resumed. The CPC defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiang's government to retreat to Taiwan. During the evacuation, a part of faculty and alumni was taken to Taiwan by Chiang Kai-shek, founding National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan in 1958.
After the Chinese Civil War, the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. Chiao Tung lost its "National" appellation and became Chiao Tung University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public.
In the 1950s, the pinyin romanization system was developed in Mainland China and Chiao Tung University changed its English name to Jiao Tong University.
From 1952, the Communist government adopted a policy of creating Soviet-style specialized schools, reshuffling nearly all universities and colleges to follow the Soviet-style higher education model. Under this policy, some faculties of the university were shifted to other universities, and some engineering faculties from outside were absorbed into Jiao Tong University to form a specialized engineering university. A massive rearrangement came in 1956 for the school when the central government ordered the university move to Xi'an, in the western Chinese province of Shaanxi. Afterwards, about 1959, the remaining portion was officially renamed Shanghai Jiao Tong University, SJTU.
Shanghai Second Medical University was merged into Shanghai Jiao Tong University on July 18, 2005, under the name Medical School of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
Since the reform and opening up policy in China, SJTU has grown substantially. It is composed of five campuses, including Xuhui, Minhang, Luwan, Qibao, and Fahua (法华), taking up an area of about 3,225,833 square meters. 
In 2013, François Hollande inaugurated the SJTU-ParisTech Elite Institute of Technology (SPEIT), an institution based on the French engineering education system. The four founding member universities are École Polytechnique, ENSTA ParisTech, Mines ParisTech and Télécom ParisTech
The university was also producer of the Academic Ranking of World Universities until 2008.
Academics, enrollment, and staff
Today SJTU has 31 schools (departments), 63 undergraduate programs, 250 masters-degree programs, 203 Ph.D. programs, 28 post-doctorate programs, and 11 state key laboratories and national engineering research centers.
Its total enrollment of students amounts to 42,881, of which 1,598 are international students. There are 17,766 undergraduates, and 24,017 masters and Ph.D. candidates.
The university has more than 1,900 professors and associate professors, including 15 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 92 accredited professors and chair professors of the "Cheung Kong Scholars Program".
Reputation and rankings
Internationally, SJTU is ranked among 101–150th globally by ARWU (2014). The institution came sixth in the QS BRICS University Rankings and was 27th in the counterpart conducted by Times Higher Education.
Academic Ranking of World Universities
Since 2003, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has produced the Academic Ranking of World Universities which analyzes the top universities in the world on quality of faculty (40%), research output (40%), quality of education (10%) and performance vs. size (10%). Its ranking is exclusively of research universities, mainly in the empirical sciences.
- Continuing Education
- Biomedical Engineering
- Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- University of Michigan - Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute
- Electronic, Information and Electrical Engineering
- Materials Science and Engineering]
- Sciences: Mathematics and Physics
- Life Science and biotechnology
- Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine
- Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
- Antai College of Economics and Management
- Finance and MBA
- International and Public Affairs
- Foreign Languages
- Agriculture and Biology
- Environmental Science and Engineering
- Media and Design
- Information Security Engineering
- Software Engineering
Directly affiliated departments
- Department of Plastic Technology
- Department of Sports
- Global Executive MBA Program (In collaboration with the University of Southern California)
- Institute of Aerospace Science and Technology
- Research Institute of Micro/Nano Science and Technology
- Institute of Energy
- CWI International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital
- Ruijin Hospital
- Renji Hospital
- Xinhua Hospital
- Shanghai First People's Hospital
- Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital
- Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital
- Shanghai Third People's Hospital (Baosteel Hospital)
- Shanghai Children's Medical Center
- Shanghai Chest Hospital
- Shanghai Mental Health Center
- Shanghai Children's Hospital
SJTU Dancing Team
Diversified genres including Latin, Ballet, Chinese Folk Dance, Chinese Classical Dance and Yang Go.
- Awards: Second-class prize on National University Art Competition
Most buildings on campus were influenced by American architecture, while the main gate, which was built in 1935, is of traditional Chinese style reflecting the University's earlier status as the "Imperial Polytechnic College". The approaches to the main gate were via a series of marble bridges, similar to, although smaller than, those built in front of Tiananmen. However, recent road expansions have demolished the river as well as most of bridges. A copy of this famous gate scene have been built on the east of Minhang campus.
The construction of the campus never came to an end in the past century. Existing buildings: the Middle College building (built in 1898), the original library (built in 1919), the gymnasium (built in 1925), the administrative building (built in 1933), the Xinjian building (built in 1953), the new Upper College building (built in 1955), the second teaching building (built in 1960), Bao Zhaolong library (built in 1985) and Haoran high-tech building (built in 1996) were constructed one after another.
The university's School of International Education is located here, where a large number of international students take classes throughout the academic year (however, most international students that take degree courses are in Minhang campus). The campus still houses a variety of scientific research institutions, State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering for instance, although most moved to the new campus since 1987
The Minhang campus is located in the Minhang District on the outskirts of metropolitan Shanghai. This young campus, which was founded in 1987, covers 2,822,903m2 once farmland. Zizhu Science Park, where Intel, ST Microelectronics, Microsoft, Sandisk and other high-tech companies placed their research and development centers, to the south of this campus.
Currently, most administrative and academic framework of the university and the majority of undergraduate and graduate students are situated at this campus, and the campus has three libraries and six dining halls.
South Chongqing Road Campus
It used to be the campus of Shanghai Second Medical University, which is located in the Luwan District of Shanghai. The Aurora University (Shanghai), a pre-eminent Catholic university in Shanghai, was located there before 1952.
In 1999, Shanghai Agricultural College was merged into SJTU. Its campus, located at 2678 Qixin Road (postcode 201101), became the Qibao Campus of SJTU.
Shangzhong Road Campus
In 2006, Shanghai Jiao Tong University sold this campus to Shanghai High School.
Fahuazhen Road Campus
This campus is where Jiao Tong's Antai College of Economics and Management and the School of Continuing Education are located.
After more than a century of operation, Jiao Tong University has inherited the old tradition of "high starting points, solid foundation, strict requirements and extensive practice." Today, associations organized by Jiao Tong's alumni can be found in the United States, Japan, European Union countries, Canada, Southeast Asia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Mainland China. They call themselves Jiao Tong (Jiaoda) people.
The routine services of these alumni associations include: updating contact lists, holding conferences, conducting Sino-foreign cultural exchanges, and keeping contact with other alumni associations throughout the world.
Students from SJTU have won top prizes in various competitions, including ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest, International Mathematical Contest in Modeling and Electronics Design Contests. Famous alumni of SJTU or its predecessors include Jiang Zemin, Lu Dingyi, Ding Guangen, Wang Daohan, Qian Xuesen, Wu Wenjun, Zou Taofen, Mao Yisheng, Cai Er, Huang Yanpei, Shao Lizi, Wang An, and many more. More than 200 of the academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering are alumni of Jiao Tong University.
Notable alumni are listed below.
Government and politics
|Cai E||蔡锷||1898||famous general, founder of the Republican Protection Army against Yuan Shikai|
|Huang Yanpei||黃炎培||1902||politician, industrialist, educator, and one of the founding pioneers of the China Democratic League|
|Shao Lizi||邵力子||1905||politician, educator, former President of Shanghai University and teacher of Chinese literature in Fudan University|
|Chen Yibai||陈一白||1922||Minister of Department of Communications in the government of Republic of China|
|Lu Dingyi||陆定一||1926||politician, former Head of Propaganda Department|
|Wang Daohan||汪道涵||1933||former Mayor of Shanghai, paramount politician who held the famous Wang-Koo summits together with Koo Chen-fu|
|Jiang Zemin||江泽民||1947||politician, former CPC General Secretary, President of the People's Republic of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission|
|Ding Guangen||丁关根||1951||politician, former Minister of Railways, Head of Propaganda Department|
|Shu Guo||陈敏章||1955||former Minister of Health, President of Red Cross Society of China, President of Chinese Medical Association|
|Ye Liansong||叶连松||1960||politician, former Governor of Hebei Province|
|Chen Mingyi||陈明义||1962||politician, Secretary of Party Committee of Fujian Province|
|Wan Xueyuan||万学远||1964||former Governor of Zhejiang Province, Vice Minister of Personnel of P.R. China|
|Yan Junqi||严隽琪||1967||politician, Chairperson of China Association of Promoting Democracy|
|Chen Zhu||陈 竺||1981||Minister of Health of P.R. China|
Natural sciences and mathematics
|English name||Chinese name||Graduated in/
Served on faculty during
|钱学森||1934||missile and space program chief scientist,
National Exceptional Contribution Scientist awardee (only one in history so far)
Co-founder of Jet Propulsion Laboratory
|Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, |
Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
|吴文俊||1940||mathematician, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner, Shaw Prize winner||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, |
Fellow of the TWAS
|徐光宪||1944||chemist, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Hu Hesheng||胡和生||1945–1948||mathematician||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|吴有训||1949||physicist; educator||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences，|
Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
|He Zuoxiu||何祚庥||1949||physicist||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|顾敏||1982||scientist in micro-photonics||Fellow of Australian Academy of Science, |
Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
|Zhang Jie||张杰||2006–present||physicist in x-ray lasers, high field and laser-plasma physics||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, |
Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina,
International Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Fellow of the TWAS
|Yao Tongbin||zh:姚桐斌||1945||missile and space program scientist,
|Jun Ye||叶军||1989||physicist||Member of the US National Academy of Sciences
Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Information science, system science and electrical engineering
|English name||Chinese name||Graduated in/
Served on faculty during
|Zhu Wuhua||朱物华||1923/1945-1998||scientist in electronics; educator||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Cai Jintao||蔡金涛||1930||scientist in electronics||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Chu Yinghuang||褚应璜||1931||specialist in power engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Qian Zhonghan||钱钟韩||1933||scientist in power engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|张仲俊||1934/1940-1995||scientist in electrical systems and automatic control||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|王安||1940||computer scientist and inventor, founder of Wang Laboratories||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering|
Wen Tsing Chow
|周文俊||1940||missile guidance scientist and digital computer pioneer|
|Cao Jianyou||曹建猷||1940||scientist in electrical power systems||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Yang Jiachi||杨嘉墀||1941||scientist in automatic control, satellite control specialist, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
Ping King Tien
|田炳耕||1941||scientist in microwave electronics, optical electronics and materials science||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, |
Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering,
Academician of the Academia Sinica, Fellow of the TWAS
Thomas H. Lee
|李天和||1946||specialist in power engineering||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,|
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
|Tong Zhipeng||童志鵬||1946||scientist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|顾毓琇||1945-1947 (as faculty)||scientist in electrical machinery, system and control; educator; writer, playwright and poet|
Ernest S. Kuh
|葛守仁||1945-1947 (as student)||scientist in circuit theory and electronic design automation||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,|
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Academia Sinica
|Xia Peisu||夏培肃||1947||computer scientist||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Wang Geng||汪耕||1949||specialist in electrical power transmission||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Chen Jingxiong||陈敬熊||1950||scientist in electromagnetics, microwave and antennas||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Kuang Dingbo||匡定波||1952||scientist in infrared and remote sensing||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Li Lemin||李乐民||1952||scientist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Tang Renyuan||唐任远||1952||scientist in electric motor engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Zhu Yinghao||朱英浩||1952||scientist in electric power transformers||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Zhao Zisen||赵梓森||1953||specialist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Chen Junliang||陈俊亮||1955||scientist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,|
Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
|Jiang Xinsong||蒋新松||1956||scientist in robotics and automation||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Yao Xi||姚熹||1957||scientist in materials and devices||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, |
Foreign Associate of U.S. National Academy of Engineering
|Chen Yazhu||陈亚珠||1962||scientist in power electronics and biomedical engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|滕尚华||1985||computer scientist, Gödel Prize winner|
Engineering and technological sciences
- Chow Wen Tsing/Wen Tsing Chow (周文俊) - missile guidance scientist and digital computer pioneer
- Qian Xuesen (钱学森) - missile and space program chief scientist, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist, National Exceptional Contribution Scientist awardee
- Xu Xueyan (许学彦) - famous ship designer
- Yang Jiachi (杨嘉墀) - space program scientist, specialist of automatic control, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist
- Zhang Guangdou (张光斗) - world-renowned specialist in hydraulic engineering
Life sciences and medicine
- Chen Zhu (陈竺) - hematologist, molecular biologist, and current minister of Ministry of Health
- Luc Montagnier (吕克·蒙塔尼耶) - Nobel Prize laureate for the discovery of HIV
- Wang Zhenyi/Zhen-yi Wang (王振义) - hematologist, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner
- Cai Yuanpei (蔡元培) - famous educator, esperantist and the president of Peking University
- Hong Yi (李叔同) - master painter, musician, dramatist, calligrapher, seal cutter, poet, and Buddhist monk
- Lisa Lu (卢燕) - Chinese-American actress and documentary producer
- Mao Yushi (茅于轼) - economist
- Wu Youxun (吴有训) - educator
- Jiang Jianqing (姜建清) - president and chairman of the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China
- Mao Daolin (茅道临) - CEO of Sina
- Wang Shizhen (王世帧) - founder of China Merchants Bank
- Yang Yuanqing (杨元庆) - chairman of the Lenovo Group Limited
- Zhu Jun (朱骏) - founder of The9 Limited, chairman of football club Shanghai Shenhua F.C.
- Beini Da (达贝妮) - founder of SohoNow, chairman of Eurasian Science Village and Children's Museum China.
- Nanpeng Shen (沈南鹏) - founding managing partner, Sequoia Capital China
- Ding Junhui (丁俊晖) - Professional snooker player
- Wang Liqin (王励勤) - Professional table tennis player, World and Olympic multi medalist, once of best players in history
- Liu Guoliang (刘国梁) - Olympic gold medalist, chief manager of China's table tennis national team
- Yao Ming (姚明) - Professional basketball player
- Sui Lu (眭禄）- Olympic Silver Medalist gymnast
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- "Best universities in China 2018". Times Higher Education. 6 September 2017.
- "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)".
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